Sociological and Psychological Perspectives in Healthcare Centres - Essay Example

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The study “Sociological and Psychological Perspectives in Healthcare Centres” is being conducted keeping in view the challenges faced by a multicultural society like the UK. It will also discuss the importance of implementation sociological and psychological theoretical frameworks on the personality…
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Sociological and Psychological Perspectives in Healthcare Centres
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Download file to see previous pages Before embarking upon the topic under-examination, it would be advisable to define and discuss both the perspectives, which is as follows: Brief Overview of the Perspectives: It has aptly been stated that sociology is the systematic study of society and all institutions existing within the social establishment (Macionis, 2007). Consequently, it encompasses family, school, peer group and church, as well as financial and political institutions in its vast fold. In addition, crime prevention, healthcare, ethnic-racial discriminations and class conflict prevailing in society also come within the range of the discipline (Perlstadt, 2006). Since major endeavor of the discipline includes the investigation of nature and motives behind social interaction between two or more persons, it seeks to examine various social processes including co-operation, competition, and conflict, essential for the adequate functioning of a social establishment (Ritzer, 2003). Moreover, being one of the most fundamental social institutions, the problems and activities related to healthcare and fitness are the topics of vital interest for the sociologists (Knelman, 1996). Similarly, psychology is rightly regarded as a social science that maintains a direct connection with mental health and wellbeing of the individuals of a society. Since the discipline of psychology studies the emotional condition, feelings, and behavior of the people at the individual level, it also contains a strong association with medical and health sciences. It is simply viewed to be the scientific analysis of the human mind and its functions, and the impact of these functions on human behavior subsequently (Craig & Baucum, 2002). Hence, psychology looks for exploring the causes behind the individuals’ conducting or abstinence from performing an act or the other. The significance of Theories: Theories have been articulated and researches have been conducted in order to unveil various aspects of human activities and behavior (Theo, 2008). Theories actually serve as the reflections of concepts and building blocks of mind, which are articulated in the wake of in-depth observation and examination of the social and natural phenomena existing all around (Coser, 1977). An approach is a perspective, McLeod argues, which involves certain beliefs and assumptions related to human behavior: the way they function, which aspects of them are worthy of study and what research methods are appropriate for undertaking this study (2007). Theories studying the social behavior of the individuals are regarded as sociological perspectives, while the frameworks elaborating on human needs and desires come under the definition of psychological perspectives.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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