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Policy Analysis of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) - Essay Example

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Policy Analysis of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) Name Institution Abstract The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), is argued to be the most comprehensive reform of the medical system that US have had since the last 45 years…
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Policy Analysis of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA)
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Policy Analysis of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Download file to see previous pages... Due to these restrictions, it is expected that more than 32 million US citizens who are not currently insured would have the opportunity to be covered under ACA. In addition, under ACA, 24 million citizens would be able to purchase their own insurance coverage while more than 19 million would be eligible for subsidies provided by the US government. In spite these efforts, it is still unlikely that everyone will get insurance cover. In spite of the availability of subsidies for low-income families, the cost of insurance may still be too expensive for many people, with the insurance cost exceeding the cost for failing to have an insurance cover for many US citizens. Policy Analysis of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) Introduction March 23, 2010, marks a historical moment for the medical health system in the US, a day President Barack Obama assented into law the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), which is the most comprehensive reform ever witnessed in the US medical system for the last 45 years. ACA is historical owing to the fact that it transforms the US non-group insurance market, and mandates that all citizens of US acquire an insurance coverage failure to which individuals are subjected to fines beginning the year 2014. In addition, ACA is also geared towards expanding public insurance and subsidizing private insurance coverage, reducing and recognizing spending by Medicaid, the largest health insurance plan in the US, as well as raising revenue from different taxes. In case it is fully implemented, the ACA would likely lead to unprecedented different health care landscape for the US citizens in the future. Forecasting the impacts of these fundamental reforms in the US health care system is marred with a lot of difficulties. Nevertheless, such projections were required to undergo legislative process after, which were later delivered by the congressional Budget Office (CBO). According to CBO, ACA would be able to increase health insurance coverage by 32 million individuals, as well as raising the federal government spending by close to $1 trillion in the next ten years. Despite the huge increase in expenditure, CBO projected that ACA would still raise government revenue and reduce public expenditure even more, thereby reducing the budget deficit of the federal government. These projections by CBO were so fundamental and formed the basis of debate over ACA by the congressmen (Maggied & Schenker, 2010). This paper will explore the impacts of ACA in detail. The paper will first review literature on ACA; the background on the development of the policy, projected costs and relevant statistics. It will finally discuss the projections of the impacts of ACA and provide observations on the impacts. Literature review Patient Protection and affordable Care Act (ACA) is a comprehensive piece of legislation concerned with several aspects of health care system in the US. It came into being after President Barack Obama signed it into law in March 23, 2010. Background of US Health Care System Maggied and Schenker (2010) report that US spend 17% of its GDP on health care, which is the highest when compared to other nations. In addition, the rate of spending in health car ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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