Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Health Care Reforms - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name of student: Course: Tutor: Health Care Reforms According to Article 25 (1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, everyone is entitled to a standard of living that involves adequate accessibility to proper health care and as well as food, clothing, housing and other fundamental social services…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.7% of users find it useful
Health Care Reforms
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Health Care Reforms"

Health Care Reforms According to Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, everyone is entitled to a standard of living that involves adequate accessibility to proper health care and as well as food, clothing, housing and other fundamental social services. However, presently there are disparities and inequalities when it comes to accessibility of proper health care among different societies in America. This has therefore, called for a heightened efforts and measures by the American government to address the health care system that has been described as imperfect compared to other developed nations’ health care systems. The debate ensuing has generated interest from policymakers in America, fronted by different administrations including the Bush and Obama administrations, to develop health care initiatives that are universally accessible to all Americans as popularly referred to as Health care reforms (Kronenfeld, and Michael,112). The clamor for health care reforms in America has been necessitated by inefficiencies in its health care system. The high health care spending by federal government, the significant number of uninsured population, the ever rising health care costs, increasing health premium rates are just among other factors fueling the need for health care reforms in America. Thus, health care reforms are basically meant to increase access to healthcare, reduce cost of healthcare, improve the quality of health care and increase the population under insurance cover. Debates regarding healthcare reforms have recently gained ground in the Obama administration. This is because of his initiatives on equal health care for all Americans culminating in the signing into law both The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, in March 2010. Besides this, the laws also aim at subsidizing insurance premiums, prohibit denial of coverage and denial of claims based on pre-existing conditions, lower drug costs for Medicare and Medicaid and slowing the steady rise of health care costs. The Bush administration also made significant strides in health care reforms and some of his achievements during his tenure include addition of prescription-drug benefit to Medicare. This helped in bringing down drug cost at the same time providing coverage to senior citizens. He also introduced Health Saving Accounts which changed consumer behavior with increased subscriptions. However, Bush is criticized for turning a blind eye to addressing structural health care problems of which the Obama administration is trying to address through his Acts. The intended fundamental implication of all these health reform initiatives is to improve the quality of medical care, reduce its costs and provide insurance to all Americans at affordable prices and eliminate inefficiencies and inequalities in the health care sector (Longest, 123). According to Harrington and Carroll (73) components of equitable health care system that must be redressed to ensure equal health care for all include financing, insurance, delivery and payment. In a government run health care system, these components are more closely integrated and unified. Even developed countries like Canada have not been spared of immense challenges of socialized medicine. Some of the challenges Canada is facing in its model health care system are; prolonged waiting time for treatment, doctor’s shortage and lack of necessary care. In America, Massachusetts is a case study of when these reforms are not addressed promptly and adequately could pose immense challenges. It implemented its health care reforms in 2006. In recent times, Massachusetts has experienced rising health care costs and increased subsidies that are expensive and experts predict it could be unsustainable over time. The health care reforms it implemented include Medicaid expansion, massive premium subsidies for the poor, a state regulated health insurance exchange. Skeptics have raised concern that Obama’s health care reform initiatives which he put into law in 2010 could follow into the Massachusetts way. One of the provisions singled out is the state-run insurance exchange (Grover, 67). In a nut shell, the right to access quality health care is a fundamental need for an individual. Thus all Americans irrespective of their geographical, racial and social class should access promptly quality health care regardless of the time the need arises and this has subsequently calls for a complete equitable health care system. However, its challenges must also be addressed wholesomely to prevent any future drawbacks. Apart from being the leading in pharmaceutical and medical devices manufacture, America also boast of excellent doctors in the world. Because the American health care system has been described as flawed compared to other developed countries globally, this has increased calls for government to takeover health care system from the private institutions (Patel and Rushefsky, 53). It must be noted that Americans have better access to basic health care as compared to Canada. For instance Americans spend less time waiting for care, they also have better access to treatment for chronic illnesses and preventive cancer screening, easier access to better technologies like image screening devices and much more. These among other facts must form basis for debate on equitable health care for all Americans. To stop the issues of imbalanced access to health care, the government and citizens must unite to bring out the key issues that affect the health care system. Work Cited Grover, Jan. Healthcare. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2007. Harrington, Charlene, and Carroll L. Estes. Health policy: crisis and reform in the U.S. health care delivery system. 5th ed. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett Pub., 2008. Kronenfeld, Jennie J., and Michael R. Kronenfeld. Healthcare reform in America a reference handbook. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2004. Longest, Beaufort B.. Contemporary health policy. Chicago, Ill.: Health Administration Press, 2001. Patel, Kant, and Mark E. Rushefsky. Health care in America: separate and unequal. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 2008. . Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Health Care Reforms Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Health Care Reforms Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Health Care Reforms Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Social Support to the Functional Health of Older Adults

For example, it has been said that when you are a participant of a certain senior center, the possibility of you getting mental complications as well as other health complications is uh-heard of (Glass, T. A. 1999 p.479).
In this regard, this paper will asses the impacts of attending a seniors center and whether attendance is better than not attending when one becomes old. Comparisons between the two will be carried out and will base on the following,
The elderly are people who have gone through a series of steps in life from a state where they are stable in terms of health and independence in the day to day running of their lives to a state of increased vulnerability, dependence and recurring illnesses (Jeremy, M. 2008...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Critical Care Nursing

Respiration occurs at the alveolar-capillary units of the lungs where oxygen (O2) and Carbon dioxide (CO2) are exchanged through inhalation and exhalation bypassing the gas between the alveolar and the blood. In an ideal gas exchange, blood flow and ventilation must perfectly match each other. But even in a normal pair of the lung, some alveoli are under-ventilated and adequately perfused while others are over ventilated but inadequately perfused. Technically speaking, the optimally ventilated alveoli that are not perfused are termed high V/Q units (acting like dead space), and alveoli that are optimally perfused but not adequately ventilated are called low V/Q units (acting as a shunt) (Sat Sharma MD 2006).

The major f...
13 Pages(3250 words)Case Study

Historical Analysis Long-Term Care

In accordance with a survey published by the U.S. General Services Administration in 2004 ‘the number of elderly people residing alone without living children or siblings is expected to reach 1.2 million in 2020 — up from about 600,000 just a decade ago’ (U.S. General Services Administration, 2004, online article). Apart from the elderly, people with disabilities – as well as those with severe problems of health - also require continuous assistance in all their activities. The care of people belonging in the above categories is likely to last for quite a long (in most cases for the rest of their lives); for this reason, appropriate changes in existing legislation are made periodically in order to meet the n...
7 Pages(1750 words)Report

The Speciality of Colonial Heights Health Care

Colonial Heights Health care and rehabilitation center provides interdisciplinary support for the medical and physical needs of the patient with sickness and injury. They include neurological events, orthopedic surgery, oncology care, and general surgery. Other medical services comprise IV Infusion Therapy, specialised Alzheimer’s care, tracheotomy care, wound care management, rehabilitative nursing, occupational and speech therapy, etc. Respite care of the hospital provides clinical, psychological and emotional assistance through caregivers for patients who require additional support. Social Services of the health care center include volunteer programs, café dining, special outing, family gatherings, social service c...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

Physiological Factors While Dealing With Health Issues

The body’s metabolism includes all the physiological processes in the body. Enzymes serve as catalysts to biochemical reactions that form a part of metabolism. The two distinct chemical phases of metabolism are anabolism and catabolism. Anabolism consists of building up carbohydrates, proteins, fats and nucleic acids from simple molecules, through the use of energy. Anabolism is responsible for processes such as growth, repair, and reproduction. On the other hand, catabolism is the process by which large complex molecules are broken down into smaller, simple molecules, with the release of energy. Metabolic processes are carried out by the cell organelles, each organelle has a distinct and crucial function. Every animal cell...
12 Pages(3000 words)Report

National Health Service Human Resource Planning

There are about 1500 primary care dentists who are working on a salaried basis with the NHS, in most cases employed by primary care trusts. This group of individuals was a part of the local government earlier but in 1974, they were transferred into the NHS. (Personnel Today, 2007). Starting from the year 1997 onwards, the U.K. Department for Education and Employment had allowed for additional funding of $7.2 million to ensure that medical schools are able to pay clinical academia staff the awards that have been recommended for doctors and dentists in the NHS, by the Doctors and Dentists Review Body (Beecham, 1996). This move was initiated to introduce pay parity because university employers found it difficult to pay the 3.8% incre...
14 Pages(3500 words)Term Paper

Chilled Vehicles and Special Care of Products

Hiring another company or the third party to man the operations of the fleet of vehicles can put the company down. That would be like dealing with new employees who are not really working for the company, and who do not know our products. It will also be tantamount to revealing the secrets of our products and company that we have treasured all through the years. The best option is to work on the fleet of vehicles and get the right people to handle the operations. 
There are doubts as to the exact number of vehicles we have to purchase since these are all plans and some hypotheses. But we tried to scale down our output, made some estimates and inside surveys, and come out to some numbers, which were reached by calculating...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Approaches in Health Promotion

Health promotion must emphasise both the mental and physical aspects of health because many physical manifestations of the disease have their roots in mental and psychological distress. This brief essay presents an examination of health promotion efforts designed to contain eating disorders, which are physical manifestations arising out of mental and psychological burdens imposed mostly by peers in schools. A discussion about eating disorders, which represent disorders with psychological roots, should assist in encouraging communities to inculcate respect for the individual, tolerance and harmony together with education to empower the individual.
It is important to have positive attitudes about health. Healthy nations are lik...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Indigenous Community Health in Central Queensland-Australia

Though present in many regions of Australia, New South Wales, and Queensland make up for the largest concentrations of the indigenous population. A larger percentage of this population inhabit rural and remote areas. The median age of this indigenous population is 21 years, which is much lower than the non-indigenous population at 37 years. High fertility rates and low life spans in the indigenous community are believed to be the cause of this disparity in median age. Unemployment and low earnings are characteristic differences in the indigenous population and the non-indigenous population. The unemployment rate of the indigenous population is threefold that of the non-indigenous population. The average weekly income of the indige...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

The Interprofessional Practice and the Health Care System

This is also the position Stone (2007) takes in the quote under discussion.
Furthermore, Stone goes on to declare that Australia has been very slow to implement this practice as compared with other countries and government agencies. One of the primary reasons is that the public policy system in Australia is quite complex and the decision-makers have not come into agreement on where to place it in the policy matrix. This leaves Interprofessional Practice and Education in the dark (or the cold) as far as strategic planning for implementation as well as placing itself within the funding cycles of the government disbursements. (Stone, 2007)
Policies are created in order to put in place how politicians and government official...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Health Care Reforms for FREE!

Contact Us