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Public Health - Essay Example

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World Health Organization (WHO) is a department within the United Nations that deals with coordinating and directing matters that concern health. …
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Download file to see previous pages Through the turn of centuries and generations, it is quite evident that in this twenty first century, matters concerning health have become a responsibility that is shared and which involves collective defense towards transnational threats and equitable access to essential care. Its establishment is dated on April 7 1948 and its headquarters is based in Switzerland, Geneva to be precise. WHO has played a key role in smallpox eradication and it’s currently responsible for dealing with communicable diseases, in particular tuberculosis and malaria, HIV/AIDS, reproductive and sexual health, ageing and developing. The objective of WHO is “the attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health” (Reich 42). It is identified by six main objectives: provision of technical support, building of sustainable institution capacity and catalyzing change, assessing health trends and monitoring health situations, impacting the research agenda, stimulating the generation and dissemination of valuable information (Reich 65). WHO provides leadership on matters that pertain to critical health situations and it is also known to get into partnerships where joint venture is needed. It also sets standards, norms and monitors and promotes their implementation. Opinions vary from one individual to another and based on my opinion I would say that those who contribute most funds in global health should have the most say basically because the track record through their management has been to standard and has had little qualms. The money that they fund is allocated to different programs which are very beneficial to the countries in the United Nations program. These funds are allocated to thirteen areas. Listing them down this areas include reducing the economic, health and social burden of communicable diseases, combating diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria and HIV/AIDS, reduction of morbidity and mortality rates, promotion of development and health and prevent factors brought about by alcohol and drugs, provide good leadership, strengthen governance and partner up with countries. If other individuals are left to possibly make decisions without consultation, problems like embezzlement of fund is most likely to occur because some people are more concerned with self enrichment compared to sustaining life which is more precious. An NGO is an organization that is legally constituted that is brought into existence by legal or natural persons and it acts independently from the government (Company 89). The term was got from the United Nations. NGO is usually used to refer to organizations that are not interested in making profit and do not form part of the government. In some instances, the government funds NGOs and in such cases it is expected to maintain its non-governmental status and this is by done excluding out members of the government as well as its representatives from the organization. There are many health related NGO’s, a good example is the international Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. They are considered the most prestigious in regards to the worlds humanitarian NGOs. This movement has several fundamental principles and include: impartiality, independence, humanity, neutrality, universality, voluntary service, and service to the entire country. Another NGO is Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) and its functions are similar to those of the Red Cross and include providing health aid to victims of natural disasters as well as victims of war. Other fundamental and beneficial health NGOs include Catholic Relief Services (CRS) which ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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I didn’t know how to start my document. "Public Health" helped me out a lot! Especially the list of structure was valuable.

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