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HIV and AIDS in California: Focus on African American Males - Essay Example

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The paper "HIV and AIDS in California: Focus on African American Males" shows how hard the situation with HIV and AIDS in California is. The state of California is ranked second after New York in HIV prevalence rate. Close to 190 000 people had contracted HIV by April 2009. …
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HIV and AIDS in California: Focus on African American Males
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Download file to see previous pages HIV and aids pose a significant community health problem in this most populous state of the U.S. In fact, the state of California has the second highest HIV prevalence rate after New York. According to a report by California department of Public health, Blacks have a higher chance of contracting HIV, followed by Hispanics. The report also indicated that HIV prevalence in California is higher in males than in females. Males contribute to 92% of all the people living with HIV in this state. Most of transmission in males occurs via homosexuality (MSM) (64.9%), and of the HIV victims live in Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay area. In addition, 0.7% of inmates had contracted HIV according to a report released in 2005 by the California department of public health. In summary, the top ten HIV counties are as follows Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Orange, San Bernardino, Riverside, Alameda, Sacramento, Santa Clara and Costra Rica respectively. On the other hand, the top ten aids counties include Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Alameda, Orange, River Side, Santa Clara, Santa Bernardino, Sacramento and Costra Rica respectively.
According to California department of Pubic Health, by 31st March 2009, African Americans constituted 7% of California’s total population. Amazingly, they represent 19.1% of HIV cases and 17.9% of cumulative aids cases in California. Since the prevalence of HIV/AIDS is high in African Americans, California is not an exception. Most importantly, African American males are the most affected....
Most importantly, African American males are the most affected. The most prevalent mode of transmission is through men who have sex with men (MSM) and MSA/Injection Drug users (MSM/IDU) (CDPH, 2009). However, other modes of transmissions like heterosexual contact also contribute significantly to the spread of HIV in males of California. Males in the age groups that range from late teenage to early 50s (sexually active males) are the most vulnerable. This is the most useful age group to any given population. Thus, AIDS pandemic threatens California’s workforce and men of the reproductive age. In 2002, the institute of medicine (IOM, 2006) published a report dubbed “Unequal Treatment” which gave an analysis of racial health disparities in the U.S. The report indicated that African Americans and Hispanics find it more difficult to access healthcare when compared to their White counter parts. In addition, the African American and Hispanic communities (considered as minorities) receive health care of poor quality. The effect is much higher in populous states like California. Thus, marginalized social status and stigma make Afro American males to be vulnerable to HIV infection (IWH, 2006). Transmission is high in non educated Afro American Males and those with low education levels. Low income, poor and inequitable medical access, marginalization, low education and drug abuse are the key factors contributing to the spread of HIV in males of the reproductive age California (IWH, 2006). Community Resources and Partners addressing this Health concern California has a substantial number of organizations and agencies which endeavor to address the challenge of HIV and AIDS in Afro American males. Some of them offer their services to the whole ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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