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FETAL SURGERY - Essay Example

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Fetal surgery is the process through which qualified doctors surgically intervene in the uteri, just before birth if the fetus shows any signs of developing complications that will cause harm to the life of the mother, or in the case of congenital abnormality which can be corrected. …
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Download file to see previous pages... Doctors have been able to use the ultra sound technology to observe and monitor the progress of the fetus, while it is growing n the womb of the mother. This enables them to early detect any form of abnormality with the fetus, for example spina bifida. More so, the use of technological advances such as lasers and computers has made it easy for the doctors who perform these surgeries. The use of lasers has greatly reduced the amount of blood lost through most of the surgery, while expansively improving the prognosis of such procedures. This essay details the overall procedure used by the doctors to monitor, treat and prevent any case of fetal abnormality in the womb of the mother. It will also show various conditions that may be treated with the surgical precision, that are associated with the fetus. Procedure The success tempo of fetal surgery is not that good since the procedure maybe accompanied by the loss of the baby through a miscarriage, or even the death of the mother as a result of loosing blood during the surgery. Hydrocephalus and obstruction are the two complications that require the need of fetal surgery to correct them. Obstruction if untreated, may direct to the failure of the kidney, and also the failure of cerebrospinal fluid that hinders the efficient circulation of the fluid to the brain. Fetal surgery is also done to allow the lungs of the fetal develop normally in the uterus. Surgery is also applied in the case of an injured kidney, hence aiding in the opening of the urinary tract that were obstructed. Fetal surgery is used in some cases to treat sacro-coccygeal tumors in the fetus which may become large enough to cause a heart failure of the fetus, if it stays untreated. This condition is revealed by the use of ultra sound technology which enhances efficiency in the overall procedure. With the use of the ultra sound technology, doctors monitor the tumor and find its source of energy, most likely blood supply: they then proceed to cut the supply of blood to the tumor which renders it in active. The cut tumor may later be removed successfully after the birth of the child. Fetal surgery can be used to treat abnormalities such as: Myelomeningocele- this condition can also be referred to as spina bifida. This is a condition in which the spine of the fetus fails to close completely during the early developments of the fetus. This results in the intrusion of the spinal cord at the lower back of the abdomen. As a result, there are dire consequences if the condition is left untreated. It may cause the fetal to suffer from paralysis, hydrocephalus, bowel and bladder complications, and also in severe cases, there neurological abnormalities may also arise. CDH or Congenital diaphragmatic hernia may arise during the development of the fetus. In the scenario, the diaphragm does not fully develop; hence it allows the abdominal fluid to enter the chest cavity through an opened hole referred to as hernia, which results in a case of pulmonary hyperplasia, a condition where the lungs do not fully develop in the fetus. This condition affects every one child in almost two thousands birth cases. Obstruction- the urinary tract may be stymied and covered in the utero, and may fail to fully enlarge during the time of confinement of the newborn. The urethra which takes urine to the slight body from the kidney may be underdeveloped and may result in a case where the urine fails to excrete from the kidneys. As a result of the blocked urethra, the urine is retained in the kidneys and causes the kidney to bulge and enlarge as a result of destroyed tissues of the fetus. Amniotic fluid also starts to decline since fetal urine plays as its major component. This consequently results in the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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