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Total Abdominal Hysterectomy Bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy - Research Paper Example

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Total Abdominal Hysterectomy Bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy Name University Professor Course Date Total Abdominal Hysterectomy Bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy Surgery has been used to cure some diseases by either repairing certain body parts or organs or by removing body tissue to prevent the spread of the disease…
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Download file to see previous pages Surgeons then specialize at certain human body parts like bones, brain, or heart. The surgery can be done as either minor operation or major procedure (Heisler, 2009). The practice shows how important it is in the field of medicine as drugs alone are not sufficient to cure the diseases of people. For diseases like cancer, once the cancer cells become tumors, they must be removed from the infection site. When endometrial cancer or any cancer that infects the reproductive system of a woman, patients are advised by physicians to have surgery. The operation is called hysterectomy. The process allows the surgeon to remove the uterus, and according to the records of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 600,000 operations of that kind is being conducted every year (Jick, 2004). The statistics obtained by CDCP shows how important that surgery to save the lives of women. Once the cancerous ovary and uterus are not removed from a cancer patient, it may spread to other parts until the general well-being of the patient gives up and her immune response is so weak that opportunistic infections may cause huge damage to her body that may lead to death. The concern of hysterectomy is the female reproductive system including parts such as fallopian tubes, uterus, blood vessels, ovaries, and ligaments. The uterus then has the lining called endometrium and below the uterus, vagina and cervix can be seen (Jick, 2004, p. 322). There are various kinds of hysterectomy. When the surgical removal of uterus allows the cervix to maintain its original place, the operation is called partial hysterectomy. As the years allow development in the medical field, hysterectomy can be performed now using laparascope to retain the cervix at its original position. In some cases, the cervix is also removed together with the uterus and the procedure is called total hysterectomy. When the surgery is done in the abdomen, it is known as abdominal hysterectomy. If the operation is conducted through a hole in the vagina, the method is called blind hysterectomy as the doctor cannot locate the organs at certain times during the procedure. The more popular vaginal hysterectomy than the blind hysterectomy is the procedure with the aid of laparascope that makes it laparoscopy assisted vaginal hysterectomy. If ovaries are then removed together with the fallopian tubes and uterus, it is called hysterectomy with either unilateral or bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (Horn and Miller, 2008, p. 95). The different kinds of hysterectomy presented can all be done in one surgery and the technique is now called Total Abdominal Hysterectomy Bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy (Conner and Dawson, 2009, p. 590). The paper focuses on the last type and most complete hysterectomy. Surgery like hysterectomy is very much needed to patients with endometrial cancer. According to statistics, about 70-75% of patients undergo that procedure with stage one cancer while 10-15 percent receive that surgery are patients who are at stage two or even stage three. The operation allows the physician to learn about the progression of the disease, healing benefits, stop vaginal bleeding, and cure the disease that keeps coming back. Usually the total abdominal hysterectomy bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is done on patients with stage one endometrial cancer. It has been a standard especially for cancer centered on the uterine corpus ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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