StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive disease of the brain that mainly affects the older generations. Alzheimer’s disease was first diagnosed in Germany in 1906 by a psychiatrist and neuropathologist named Alois Alzheimer, (Klafki et al 2856, 2006). …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.5% of users find it useful
Alzheimers Disease and Dementia
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia"

Download file to see previous pages The disease is also referred to as Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s disease affects important components of the brain. Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by symptoms such as loss of memory, confusion, loss of intellectual abilities, perception and even language. Age is the biggest risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease (Schroeter et al. 1206, 2009). Other factors that have been found to increase the risk of getting the disease include genetics and a history of Alzheimer’s in the family (Hall et al 227, 2006). The chances of getting Alzheimer disease increases with advancement in age. Apart from the physical symptoms that are exhibited by patients suffering from Alzheimer, there are physiological symptoms as well. These occur in the brain. The main physiological symptoms include loss of neurons in the cerebral cortex of the brain and other subcortical regions of the brain as well. Loss of synapses in these areas is also an occurrence in the brain of Alzheimer’s disease patients. Another physiological change that has been identified on Alzheimer’s disease patients is the presence of an increased number of neurofibrillary tangles in the brain. Although these are usually associated with the normal ageing process, in Alzheimer patients, there is a significantly large number of these present in the brain (Cummings et al 2525, 2002). Alzheimer’s disease is also characterized by the abnormal accumulation of unusually folded types of proteins in the brain There is no known cure for the Alzheimer’s disease, and as the disease progresses through its stages, moving from bad to worse, patients eventually die. Furthermore, no research has managed to come up with a drug that can reverse the progression of the disease (Jones 152, 2008). However, a drug has been discovered that can at least help alleviate some of the symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s, this is Donepezil. Donepezil is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor that is used in the treatment of people with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease. Donepezil has been proven to improve cognition, behavioural and functional ability among patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease (Howard et al, 2007). The effects are more pronounced in moderate Alzheimer patients than in patients with mild Alzheimer’s disease. The impact made by the drug is minimal and more effective drugs need to be found if they are to reduce disability caused by Alzheimer’s disease, reduce cases in which patients have to be institutionalized and most of all, reduce the costs associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Like most drugs, Donepezil has its own side effects. These include gastrointestinal disturbances, making it risky for patients with gastrointestinal problems, nausea, anorexia and diarrhea. However, Donepezil has proven effective in treating some symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease (Malouf & Birks 36-70, 2004). Celia Drummond’s medication with Donepezil should stop because her Alzheimer’s has progressed beyond the moderate stage where Donepezil is most effective. References Cummings, J.L. et al. (2002) Guidelines for managing Alzheimer's disease: Part II. Treatment. American Family Physician. 65 (12), 2525–2534 Hall, K. et al. (2006) Cholesterol, APOE genotype, and Alzheimer disease: An epidemiologic study of Nigerian Yoruba. Neurology 66 (2), 223–227. Howard, J. H. et al. (2007) Donepezil for the Treatment of Agitation in Alzheimer's Disease. New England Journal of Medicine. 357, 1382-1392 Jones, R.W. (2008) The Atorvastatin/Donepezil in Alzheimer's Disease Study (LEADe): design and baseline characteristics.US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. 4(2), 145-53. Malouf, R. and Birks, J. (2004) Donepezil for vascular cognitive impairment. Cochrane Database ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1441225-celia-drummond-is-a
(Alzheimer'S Disease and Dementia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Alzheimer'S Disease and Dementia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1441225-celia-drummond-is-a.
“Alzheimer'S Disease and Dementia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1441225-celia-drummond-is-a.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia

Alzheimers disease and Dementia Disease

...Alzheimer’s disease and Dementia Disease Outline The aging population in the United s has been improving with the result in the greater number of people suffering from age related pathologies. Dementia is one of the most important diseases of the elderly. Dementia is sometimes confused with Alzheimer’s disease. Both the conditions are different from each other as Alzheimer’s disease serves to be the most frequent cause of dementia but there may be other pathologies leading to dementia....
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Alzheimer Disease

...of Paper: Alzheimer’s disease # BIO206 - Disease of the Human Body Stephanie List 15-Nov-11 Alzheimer’s disease: Description of the disease: The most common form of dementia (a loss of brain functions which occurs with certain diseases), Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurological disease of the brain which leads to an irreversible loss of neurons and intellectual abilities such as memory and reasoning. With time Alzheimer’s disease gets so bad that it interferes with everyday functioning and causes problems in...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

The benefits of an early diagnosis of Alzheimer s disease

...? The Benefits of an Early Diagnosis of Alzheimers Disease While most people are hesitant about testing for Alzheimer’s disease, others feel that early detection and preparation is the key to understanding and coping with the disease. This advanced knowledge would lead to a better quality of life for diagnosed individuals and their families. Approximately 5 million Americans have Alzheimer’s disease and because more people are living to their 80s and 90s that number is expected to quadruple by 2060.Although there is no cure for AD some people wish to get tested for it earlier for various reasons...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Alzheimer s Disease in Adulthood

...?Alzheimers Disease in Adulthood Introduction Alzheimer's disease is a degenerative disease of the brain that causes dementia. It is an incurable condition and merits importance because it is the most common cause of dementia. The characteristic feature of the disease is disruption of cognition and behavior of the individual. It is a public health problem and often diagnosed after 65 years of age (Anderson, 2010). Individuals with this problem are irritable, confused and have swings in mood. They can be aggressive and have breakdown in language. They usually have long term loss in...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Alzheimer disease

...are impacted because gross atrophy is found in these regions (Pashek & DiVenere, 2006: p. 143). The temporal lobe and parietal lobe witness degeneration which can lead to the progression of the disease. AD causes specific brain regions to shrink which has been corroborated by the presence of MRI and PET reports (Wilson et al, 2008: p, 45). Definition Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a form of dementia that is incurable. It is a progressive disease in which the conditions of the patient worsen with the passage of time with the ultimate outcome being death. The disease was first identified by a German psychiatrist Alois...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Alzheimer disease

...and symptoms of the disease. The paper will also look at the prevention and treatment options available to the affected people. Alzheimer’s disease Introduction Ballenger (2006) asserts that Alzheimer is the most common form of dementia that leads to memory loss and cognitive decline. Alzheimer is a neurological disorder associated with degeneration of brain cells among individuals aged 65 years and above. The gradual loss of brain cells results from tangles in nerve cells and beta-amyloid plaques that develop in the brain. Some risk factors that contribute to the disease include having a history of high blood pressure,...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Alzheimer Disease

...Alzheimer Disease: Should your company initiate a genetic screening test for Alzheimer's Disease (AD). "Alzheimer is a progressive and Fatal BrainDisease. It is a brain disorder that involves gradual mental deterioration" as defined by Griffith, Moore and Yoder. In simple words it is described "as being triggered by a Beta-amyloid, a protein present in the brain". This protein is affected in some way and starts growing smaller and begins to waste away. This would explain the forgetfulness and confusion that an Alzheimer's Disease patient experiences. It is the 7th leading cause of death and hence a concern which needs...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease

...and Research Centre, National Institute on Aging (ADERC-NIA), "Alzheimer's Disease Fact Sheet", Updated Aug 29, 2007 3. Guide to Long Term Care.com "Alzheimer's Disease: Possible Early Warning Signs" (http://guidetolongtermcare.com/alzheimers.html) 4. Cai D, Netzer W, Zhong M, Lin Y, Du G, Frohman M, Foster D, Sisodia S, Xu H, Gorelick F, Greengard P (2006). "Presenilin-1 uses phospholipase D1 as a negative regulator of beta-amyloid formation.". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103 (6): 1941-6. PMID 16449386. 5. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. "Alzheimer's disease" (2007, August)....
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Research protocol for Master's level 'Alzheimer disease '

...–203 Averback, P., Kahle, P., Teipel, S. J., Hampel, H., and Murphy, G.M., Jr., (2000). Combined Assessment Of Tau And Neuronal Thread Protein In Alzheimer’s Disease CSF, Neurology; 55: 1068 - 1069. Bird, D.T. (1998), Alzheimer’s Disease and other Primary Dementias, Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, Mc-Graw Hill, p. 2349. Bird, D.T. (1998), Alzheimer’s Disease and other Primary Dementias, Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, Mc-Graw Hill, p. 2350. Buerger,K., Ewers, M., Pirttilä, T., Zinkowski, R., Alafuzoff, I., Teipel, S.J., DeBernardis, J., Kerkman, D., McCulloch, C.,...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Alzheimer's Disease

...experience irreversible brain damage that follows a period of neural cell degeneration. 2. Cause of Alzheimers Disease Not much is known regarding the cause of the disease, but there is evidence pointing to plaque build-up in the arteries similar to the one experience in cardiovascular illnesses. As well, there is evidence linking chronic circulatory complication to increased risk of this disease. Tyler and Kimbal argue that the emergence of the disease in recent days may be as a result of the people living longer than they used to live a century ago. There has been a tremendous improvement in the standard of health and helped people to live long enough...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia for FREE!

Contact Us