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Varicose Veins and Epidemiology - Term Paper Example

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Varicose Veins and Epidemiology Varicose Veins and Epidemiology Varicose veins otherwise known as chronic venous insufficiency is one of the most reported chronic surgical conditions in the western world. This condition usually affects the general adult population…
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Varicose Veins and Epidemiology
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Download file to see previous pages Yet there are several factors that are not well documented. Venous disorders, including varicosities, have been found commonly among the western countries. Because of the high incidence and prevalence rates, many studies have been done on the said disorder. A variety of factors have been attributed to the development of venous disorders, specifically varicosities. More commonly, this disorder is attributed to old age and female gender, and most studies tried to prove association with the disorder and the aforementioned factors. Chronic venous insufficiency has been graded according to the extent of the disorder as C1 to C6, according to the Clinical Etiological Anatomical and Pathological (CEAP) Classification, C6 being the worst, having open ulceration (Bradbury, 2010). Symptomatology of varicose veins varies greatly. Complications like venous ulcers, bleeding or thrombophlebitis can be complained by patients (Kompally et al, 2009). This is due to the poor circulation and weakness of the vein walls which causes pooling of blood. According to studies, the most common symptoms of the disorder include heaviness, itching and cramping (Kompally et al, 2009). ...
Doppler ultrasound examination has also been widely accepted and used. Treatment options for the disorder, on the other hand, include surgical intervention, if conservative management is not permissible (Kompally, et al, 2009). Various new treatment modalities are now being used in practice in management of this disorder. Some of which are radio frequency ablation, laser treatment, phlebectomy, and many others. It has been mentioned that there has been significant amount of studies that has been undertaken with regards to chronic venous insufficiencies including varicosities. Among the studies, a common trend can be seen, especially in terms of prevalence and incidence. Some studies even support a previous one. Among the six chosen studies on varicosities, predisposition almost always includes the following: old age, female gender, pregnancy, family history of venous disease, obesity and occupations associated with orthostasis. But this does not mean that the causation of this disorder is limited to the above mentioned factors. Diet, activity and exogenous hormone use are still needed to be studied more fully (Beebe-Dimmer, et al, 2005). Bradbury (2010) on the other hand, has identified several more technical factors that contribute to the development of the disease. Macrovascular and microvascular disease has been added to the picture, as well as calf muscle pump, uncontrolled inflammation, disordered extracellular matrix production, epithelialization failure and thrombophilia. He also cited malnutrition as one major contributing factor for varicosities. Deficiencies in protein, vitamin c and zinc intake have been shown to make a person prone to developing varicose veins and other chronic venous insufficiencies. Bacterial infection also plays a significant role. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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