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after a series of tests and the discovery of the Hepatitis c virus was published in the journal Science the following year (Bailey 105).this paper will elaborate on Hepatitis C virus in Africa , discuss its signs, symptoms vaccination and treatment.
This was a significant discovery in the medical world and led to the improvement of related areas such as diagnosis of hepatitis as well as antiviral treatment against the disease. The research on hepatitis is an ongoing process and scientists are still trying to learn more about the virus in a bid to find a way to effectively eliminate it form the world (Fisher, Harvey & Champe 362). The discovery of the virus led to a clear baseline on which research could be done having determined the subject of their studies and this has greatly improved the chances of the medical world at fighting the virus. The significance of this discovery was portrayed in the year 200 when Dr. Houghton and Dr. Alter received honors from the Lasker Award for Clinical Medical Research in recognition of the role they played in the discovery of the hepatitis C virus (Halliday, Klenerman & Barnes 634).
Hepatitis C can be described as an infectious disease that primarily affects the liver of an individual and in bad cases leading to cirrhosis (Thomas & Lemon 530). The disease is caused by the Hepatitis C virus, and if not handled effectively, the disease can lead to liver cancer, esophageal and gastric varices and liver failure.
The spread of the Hepatitis C virus occurs mainly through blood-to-blood contact and thus those who use intravenous drugs face the highest risk of being infected (Bailey 101). This occurs when the equipment used during the intravenous intake are not properly cleaned and sterilized beforehand and have previously been used by an individual with the virus (Fisher, Harvey & Champe 362). The virus tends to persist in the liver of most people who are infected though this condition can be treated via medication. Hepatitis C has
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Acute viral hepatitis is a viral infection that has short-term duration. It occurs when people are infected initially by the virus and can range from being mild to severe (Gould 6). Sometimes, acute viral infection can lead to chronic infection (Women’s Health.gov).
Ever since Eritrea’s secession from Ethiopia, there has been constant opposition by intellectuals along with the opposition to the government’s plan of making Ethiopia a landlocked nation. People have totally rejected the secession (Kahsay, 2007).
Hepatitis C virus is the most dangerous of all the hepatitis viruses. Hepatitis C virus spreads by blood to blood contact or blood products. Repetitive use of infected needles transmits the hepatitis C virus. Hepatitis C virus is transmitted by receiving blood or blood products and from an infected donor.
Characteristics and morphology The size of the rabies virus is approximately 60 nm ? 180 nm. The virus has an outer envelope, an internal protein core (nucleocapsid), and a bilayer of lipid covered with transmembrane glycoprotein spikes. The genome of the virus encodes five proteins, which are related with “either the viral envelope or the ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex” (Rupprecht).
Infection from this virus can range from a mild disease to fulminant hepatitis. Hepatitis A virus was discovered in 1973 and before this time it was associated with significant morbidity and less frequent mortality although this trend has been substantially reduced due to the vaccine now available against this virus.
(NYT, 2011) Viral Hepatitis refers specifically to the transmission of a number of RNA viruses that live in and replicate themselves in the human liver tissue, causing a particular series of symptoms in patients who are infected with these viruses. Scientific research currently recognizes as many as 7 different main types of Hepatitis viruses, and these are labeled with a letter from the alphabet in order to differentiate the characteristics of each for study and treatment.
Different diagnostic processes as well as treatment options are discussed in the paper. Patient and family education, psychosocial issues as well as implications for public health are some of the important issues that have also been
It aids the human body in providing effective immune responses against agents that are a threat to the defenses of the body. It produces clotting factors required to prevent excessive internal bleeding and bleeding from the exposed injured sites.
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