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Type 1 Diabetes - Research Paper Example

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Type 1 Diabetes 11-11-2011 INTRODUCTION: Glucose, produced from the food, is the main source of energy for body’s proper mechanisms and enters blood to be further used by the cells. For the absorption of glucose by the cells, a hormone called insulin is required which is produced by the pancreas…
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Type 1 Diabetes
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Download file to see previous pages The term “Type 1 diabetes” was designated in 1998. Until this time it was called “insulin-dependent” due to its nature and treatment. Before this, it was commonly known as “juvenile onset diabetes” because of its relatively high rate among children (Levy, 2011). In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas loose the ability to make insulin, as the cells responsible for producing insulin are destroyed due to the process of autoimmunity in the body. In this process, the T cells of the immune system start to attack the beta cells of pancreas, thus resulting in complete destruction of insulin producing cells. Due to this reason, the glucose produced in the body remains in the bloodstream, resulting in increased blood glucose level (McCarthy et al, 2007). The symptoms of type 1 diabetes include intense thurst and hunger, tiredness, frequent urination, weight-loss and slow healing of wounds (McCarthy et al, 2007). The causes of type 1 diabetes are still unknown. There are a lot of assumptions as well as studies regarding the causes which include gender, geographical as well as genetic factors. But there is nothing for sure about the validity of its causes. Finland has the highest rate of Type 1 diabetes i.e. 43 per 100,00 while Japan has the lowest rate of 3 per 100,00 (netdoctor). This points to the fact that with the increasing latiude, rate of type 1 diabetes also increases (Levy, 2011). ...
The chronic disease of type 1 diabetes can acutely damage the large blood vessels causing narrowing of large arteries known as atherosclerosis ultimately leading to a heart attack or poor blood flow to legs. Acute damage to small blood vessels may result in eye problems commonly known as diabetic retinopathy, or kidney failiures i.e. nephropathy or nerve damage known as neuropathy. It can also lead to many skin diseases as well (Rubin, 2008). Along with these physical problems, there are also emotional and psychologic effects of Type 1 diabetes. Stress can play a crucial role in unbalancing the blood glucose as the stress hormone i.e. adrenaline releases glucose from liver while it can not be consumed by the cells of the body (Hanas, 2007). Diabetes affects emotions of the patients directly as well as indirectly. One of the major behavioral affects caused by diabetes is irratibility along with drastic affects of anxiety and severe depression. The limitations faced by the patient of diabetes is ultimately expressed through anger. The lack of normal physical health makes that patient vulnerable. There are variety of emotions and problems related to every age group of pateints of Type 1 diabetes. Patients after being diagnosed have to adjust to a different routine which can be crucial especially in children. Having a altogether different lifestyle regarding diet, exercise and insulin doses makes may make them concious about their short-comings. Although there is no individual factor behind Type 1 diabetes causes, it may make its patients feel depressed or flawed. Growth and development is highly affected in Type 1 diabetes. In majority of the cases puberty is delayed. The ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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