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Organ Donation - Essay Example

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Organ Donation in the US Name Instructor Task Date Introduction Organ donation is a term that refers to the donation of a tissue or organ primarily of the body, from an existing or lifeless individual to an existing recipient who requires a transplant (Childress & Liverman, 2006)…
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Organ Donation
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Download file to see previous pages This paper exemplifies the conditions surrounding organ donation in the US. The donor registry is the determiner on whether the patient has accepted donation. Once there is an absence of a potential donor in the registry, a legal representative generally, a spouse or a relative gets the opportunity to validate the undertaking of donation. After the establishment of the decision, the family provides a social history. It is worth mentioning that organ donation accrues to both the deceased and living as they can donate the liver, kidneys and the heart. Organ donation is rapidly becoming a critical bioethical issue generating from a social perspective (Childress & Liverman, 2006). However, there is the emergence of continued black market for organs and even rumored cases of organ theft such as murder with a motive of organ theft. At times, brain death results to authorized death, but if the heart continues beating and there is still ventilation, all the remaining vital organs may remain solely alive and will not cease to be functional thus providing maximum opportunities to carry out organ transportation. Majority of the organ donation puts into consideration about "brain death". In the United States, the “Uniform Determination of Death Act” defines death as the cessation of the functioning of either, the heart, brain and lungs (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). At the start of the 21st century, there was the substantial increase of donation due to cardiac death. In the year 1995, only one person out of one hundred donors was willing to give his/her organs after the announcement of cardiac demise. However, in the year 2008, the figure increased to nearly 11% according to the registry. There is no discrimination of prisoners as recipients of organs in the United States (Childress & Liverman, 2006). Moreover, detailed arrangements required to maintain and trigger an increasing supply of organs that are transplantable result to a fragile social system. Any disturbance in the system such as removal of organs over objections from the family or unexpected death declaration can have an enormous impact on the duly willingness to donate and thus the supply of the organs. This denotes that a successful organ recovery system, whether pertaining to the deceased or live donors, necessitates continued and unstinting efforts to improve and nurture the public understanding. This is the condition necessary for absolute trustworthiness to win the public trust (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). People donate organs for various reasons. Personal and familial decisions concerning organ donation grounds based on altruism or a spirit of solidarity, which recognizes that everyone is capable of donating as well as being a potential recipient. In addition, there is an urge to gain some sense out of a tragedy, for example, a parent’s decision to donate organs of their deceased child. It is wise to alleviate the confusion between donation and altruism as it impedes successful resolution of ethnic grievances attributing to the permissibility of different approaches for raising the donation rate (Childress & Liverman, 2006). During the first experiments, organ donation gave rise to many controversies. The individuals who opposed that organ transplants were a ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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