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Advanced countries have managed to create a balance between deceased and living organ donation while developing countries are accused of practices such as transplant tourism and organ commercialization leading to ineffective organ transplant practices. As such, the paper proposes tax policy implementation in order to address the issues facing the organ transplant practice in an effective manner globally.
As replacement human kidneys was initialized in more than the past six decades, particularly the introduction of deceased-donation systems in the U.S. the Western model associated with organ donation is heavily linked to unpaid giving. This form of donation takes place due to altruistic reasons. This means that the donor of an organ does not do so to realize material gain. Since organ transplantation has spread to different parts of the world, the unpaid donation model has not followed the different social, medical, and legal settings. Nevertheless, in the past 25 years, professional and intergovernmental organizations have come forth to make organ donation a global ethical norm. Since this practice remains tenuous, the gains made to safeguard the interests of susceptible, desperate organ sellers from exploitation may be lost easily (Capron, 2014).
Presently, organ transplantation is carried in more than 100 countries globally, although the rate at which it is carried out varies tremendously. In 2011, for instance, approximately 112,631 organ transplants were reported worldwide, an 11.6 percent from 2008, after the adoption of the Istanbul declaration targeting transplant tourism and organ transplant. Deceased organ replacement grew by more than 5.5 percent annually during this period. As such, World Health Organization (WHO) proposed that the organ transplantation practice should be implemented to its utmost therapeutic potential. Here, living donors are essential, particularly if they are legally,
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“How can we ethically increase organ donation?”. This research paper is devoted to the discussion of a critical modern issue: organ donation. On the basis of the article “Altruism + incentive = more organ donations” by Sally Satel, ethical concerns about organ donation is considered further on.
It is a procedure of providing an organ or its constituents purposely for transportation into another individual. For one to qualify as a donor, blood and oxygen should flow within the organs pending recuperation to enhance the success of the procedure. After exhaustion of all efforts to save the patient’s life, carrying out of tests is necessary to verify the absence of brain activity and once there is a declaration of brain death, donation becomes a possibility.
The paper will present criticism, comments and arguments from both sides of the coin and strive to find the relevant argument. The position taken in the paper will be against the topic and arguments such as freedom of choice, mistaken altruism, the present condition and the family decision will be used to validate the argument.
Since April of this year alone 1,486 people have received a transplant here in UK thanks to the generous gifts of 511 donors. Unfortunately there are still 6,545 people waiting for a transplant. Currently there are 12,881,354 people registered with the National Health Services (NHS) to donate tissue and organs upon their death.
Organ donation should remain a choice, but this choice must be more informed.
Around 100,000 individuals are on a waiting list for an organ transplant (Mayo Clinic Staff n.d.). A few lucky ones get an organ, but many die before receiving
There must be something that can be done to help improve the situation in the shortage of human organs for transplantation. There are many ethical and moral implications involved in human organ donations as well that requires some
Organ donation is a debatable ethical issue and different people have different views on it. Some people argue that organ donation is a morally right thing while other people argue that it is a morally wrong thing.
The number of people willing to donate their organs is less than 1.2 per million, and several cultural, mental, and physical barriers prevent people from donating their organs. People suffering from chronic illness, and those involved in accidents,
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