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On Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin in Their Search for a Vaccine for Polio - Essay Example

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Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Essay on Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin in their search for a vaccine for Polio Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin were both born to Jewish parents, and their origins can be traced back to Russia. Salk was born in New York in 1914 to illiterate parents, who were determined to see their children succeed…
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On Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin in Their Search for a Vaccine for Polio

Download file to see previous pages... He attended the New York University, where he received his medical degree before training in medicine, pathology and surgery at Bellevue Hospital in New York. Sabin was involved in the research for preventive medicine in England, after which he joined the Rockefeller Institute of Medical Research. Sabin was specifically intrigued by research in infectious diseases. Notably, Salk was also interested in research, in viruses that caused infectious diseases while attending his medical school at the New York University, he was invited to investigate the virus that causes the flu i.e., influenza. Salk helped in developing the influenza vaccine during the Second World War (Smith p.23). Salk was appointed to the University of Pitsburgh Medical School where he worked alongside the National Foundation of Infantile Paralysis. While working at the University of Pitsburgh Medical School, Salk assembled a team involving physicians, public health officers and school teachers. For a period of eight years, this team immersed itself in the development of development of the polio vaccine; they were determined to find out the number of different polio viruses and develop a vaccine that effectively prevented polio infection without infecting the patient. In 1955, Salk’s years of research finally paid off when he formulated a vaccine derived from “killed” polio viruses (Smith p.35). ...
He then moved to Israel for a few years, but upon his return to the U.S, he joined the Medical University of South Carolina before moving to Washington, D.C where he became a resident at John. E. Forgarty International Center. With polio infections on an increase, Sabin sought a vaccine to prevent and destroy it. Sabin and a team of other researchers developed the oral vaccine which consisted weakened polio viruses. The oral vaccine was tested at the Chilliocothe Ohio Reformatory, where is sadly infected some patients. The research team perfected the vaccine, and it was subsequently tested on millions of people in the USSR, Eastern Europe and Mexico among other nations. The oral vaccine was not widely accepted in the U.S as many preferred Salk’s “killed virus” vaccine to Sabin’s live vaccine (Foroud p.54). Further research proved that Salk’s vaccine was only effective in mitigating the complications associated with polio, but the patients were still at risk of infection. On the other hand, Sabin’s oral vaccine was proved effective in infection prevention and in mitigating the complications of the disease. Sabin’s vaccine was developed to concentrate in the intestines, as during his research Sabin realized that the polio virus multiplied and attacked from the intestines. Whereas Salk’s vaccine was particularly used in the U.S where the polio epidemic was almost eradicated, Sabin’s oral vaccine was commonly used on the severely infected Japanese community through Sabin’s partnership with the USSR. Sabin and Salk both made significant strides in the field of medical research. Sabin is associated with the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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