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Health Care Professionals - Essay Example

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How can public health professionals’ best promote and enhance the health of the planet? Introduction This paper is aimed at identifying various areas where public health can be effectively utilised along with various ways for public health professionals to enhance the health of populations…
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Health Care Professionals

Download file to see previous pages... Public Health 2.0 is also discussed along with its primary applications and directions because it is being seen as the hallmark of new public health policy implementation. Discerning Public Health Public health is concerned with the prevention of disease, prolonging life as well as promoting health by utilising organised efforts in tandem with informed choices of the society, public and private organisations, individuals and communities. It concerns itself with threats to health identified by population health analysis. The subject population could be a few individuals or entire swathes of population across several continents. The WHO (World Health Organisation) defines the dimensions of health as the complete state of physical, mental and social well being and not just the absence of infirmity or disease. (WHO a, 2011) Public health uses an interdisciplinary approach that is based largely on epidemiology, health services and biostatistics. Intervention through public health is aimed at improving overall health and quality of life through both prevention and treatment of diseases and other physical and mental ailments. Healthy behaviour is promoted by surveillance of cases. Common measures to enhance public health may include promoting breastfeeding, hand washing, delivering vaccines, distributing condoms to restrict the transmission of STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) and the like. The demands of modern public health measures require the use of multidisciplinary teams of medical and other professionals. Generally teams are composed of physicians specialised in public health or community medicine, biostatisticians, engineers, epidemiologists, nurses, dental hygienists, nutritionists, veterinarians, dieticians, public health lawyers, health inspectors amongst others. (Public Health Agency of Canada, 2005) Trends in Contemporary Public Health The onset of the epidemiological transition curtailed the prevalence of infectious diseases throughout the 20th century. This caused the focus of public health to shift to dealing chronic diseases like cardiovascular problems and cancer. Developments in the more advanced nations had already decreased infant mortality rates to significantly lower levels through the application of preventive techniques. The unprecedented increase in average life spans throughout the 20th century is accredited to public health measures. These measures included controlling infectious diseases such as yellow fever, polio, smallpox and diphtheria as well as pervasive vaccination programs. Moreover, the introduction of health and safety policies for example occupational safety, tobacco control measures, road traffic safety, family planning and the like aided in establishing public health as an effective solution. A major source of average life span increase came from declines in the “urban penalty” through improved sanitation measures. Improvement measures included sewage treatment, chlorination of drinking water and water filtration. These measures led to sharp declines in deaths stemming from water borne diseases that attacked the digestive tract. (Cuter & Miller, 2005) These developments lie in contrast to the developing world which is plagued by preventable diseases as well as meagre child and paternal health measures that are exacerbated by rampant poverty and malnutrition. For example, the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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