Human tissue refers to any material collected from a living or a deceased person which consists of human cells. Human tissue is used extensively in basic research, diagnostics, biotechnology and the pharmaceutical industry…
Download file to see previous pages...
Human tissue refers to any material collected from a living or a deceased person which consists of human cells. Human tissue is used extensively in basic research, diagnostics, biotechnology and the pharmaceutical industry.Studies involving human tissue samples are central to biomedical research. Human tissue-based models are important to understand the vital proteomic and genomic differences that occur in human disease that will help develop proper diagnostic tools and treatments. In the western world, samples of human tissue have been collected and archived for over a century, with about twenty million new ones being added each year in the U.S. alone (Murray, 2006). A number of important scientific breakthroughs have occurred, thanks to tissue specimens. The development of PAP smear test for cervical cancer that was mainly enabled by studies on abnormal cervical tissue which showed the presence of dysplastic changes prior to the development of cervical cancer, and the strong link observed between smoking and progressive changes in the bronchial tissue in studies of autopsied tissue are but only two discoveries that research using human tissue has achieved so far. The scientific value of human tissue continues to increase as newer and highly sophisticated techniques in molecular biology and genetics become available. In certain cases, the tissue could acquire significant commercial value as well. For this and several other reasons, the use of human tissue for research has evoked much concern about ethical issues. ...
The act established the Human Tissue Authority (HTA) to regulate activities related to the removal, storage, use and disposal of human tissue. The Act has a very broad regulatory power in relation to 'relevant material', which includes most human material such as organs, tissue, blood but excluding material already regulated under the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 (Liddell and Hall 2005; McHale 2006; Price 2005). The key points of the Human Tissue Act 2004 pertaining to the collection and use of human tissue, as summarised by HTA (2010), are: (a) The act “regulates the removal, storage and use of human tissue. This is defined as material that has come from a human body and consists of, or includes, human cells,” and (b) the act “creates a new offence of DNA ‘theft’. It is unlawful to have human tissue with the intention of its DNA being analysed, without the consent of the person from whom the tissue came”. Ethical theories and the Act Various kinds of human tissue are collected or removed from patients for purposes of diagnosis of disease. And it has been the general practice for the remnants of the material collected to be used for other studies which could be deemed as human rights violation (Kurosu, 2008). Under the Human Tissue Act 2004, removing, storing or using human tissue without appropriate consent would be an offence. The Act has adopted informed consent (as against presumed consent) for collection and use of human tissue for medical research. Informed consent which is a legal obligation under the Act, finds moral foundations in ethical theories of autonomy (Delaney, 2008a). The Act, thus, seeks to use both law
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Tissue engineering, a concept that is still developing, broadly encompasses the creation of biological agents and the remodelling of specific body tissues or organs, in order to substitute, restore, regenerate or improve their functional effectiveness (Nerem and Ensley, 2004).
Please note that we can only accept our forms in Microsoft Word format. In addition, please submit one signed copy of the fourth page of the protocol form, which is the Investigator’s Agreement. Also submit the second page if a departmental signature is required for your study.
Many people die from cardiovascular diseases, as the only hope of survival in most cases is organ transplant. Heart transplantation is highly expensive and thousands of people die every day, waiting for an organ donor. For instance, about 15% of the patients in the United States die due to unavailability of suitable organ donors, and in 2003, only 15,000 out of 82,867 patients in the waiting list for organ transplants had actually received suitable donors (Bailesh, 2011).
Funding Source (State N/A if not applicable): N/A 1. Principal Investigator: Richard Wieringo (434) 251-2255 email@example.com????? Name and Title Phone, E-mail, correspondence address 2. Faculty Sponsor (if student is PI), also list co-investigators below Faculty Sponsor, and key personnel: ?
In the work compiled by Nather (2001:553), transplant rejection has been a characteristic of a majority of transplants, but rejection can be minimized by defining the exact molecular semblance between the recipient and the donors. This, according to Nather (2001:553), can be done using immunosuppressant medicines after transplant has taken place.
This research aims to evaluate and present Crohns Disease. The disease is commonly found in people who may be biological siblings and also possessing the same form of IBD. In terms of age also, there is high risk for people between the ages of 13 to 30 to contract Crohns disease, as well as high risk for people who smoke, be they men or women.
Since April of this year alone 1,486 people have received a transplant here in UK thanks to the generous gifts of 511 donors. Unfortunately there are still 6,545 people waiting for a transplant. Currently there are 12,881,354 people registered with the National Health Services (NHS) to donate tissue and organs upon their death.
arding parenthood remain unanswered and some of these are whether to consider a person to be a father if that person dies much before the embryo is created or before the child is born. Another question is regarding the person to be considered the legal father when a clinic
Study of tissue engineering is a multidisciplinary field encompassing specialities like clinical medicine and cell biology in addition to bio-materials technology (Ikada, 1999, p. 628). This emerging biomedical engineering has two advantages
In the year 2006, sectarian violence worsened in Iraq, leading to rising deaths, as well as to a massive displacement of people. Furthermore, poverty and unemployment greatly increased in Iraq, and this is mainly because of the sectarian violence depicted in the country. Furthermore, basic needs of Iraq’s are not met.
ere is nothing wrong with this approach, it does not tell the full story with respect to the way in which consumer loyalty impacts on brand decision and the way in which consumers determine which product they will ultimately engage with on multiple iterations. Likewise, the
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Use of human tissue for research for FREE!