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The patient will experience the symptoms only during a time of the year when seasonal rhinitis attacks, usually varies seasonally. Allergic rhinitis is caused by an exposure to an outdoor allergen such as pollens, environmental molds, or sometimes, foods (Marple, Fornadley, Patel, Fineman, Fromer, Krouse, Lanier, Penna, PharmD, and the American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy Working Group on Allergic Rhinitis, 2007). However, other patients may s experience symptoms all year-round and this is called perennial rhinitis. It may be caused by exposure to indoor allergens such as animal dander or dust mites. About 40% of patients suffer from both seasonal and perennial rhinitis this is why allergic rhinitis was classified by frequency and severity of symptoms (Storms, 2002).
The Gallup Study of Allergies (2005) has established that allergic rhinitis is characterized by sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal discharge, nasal congestion, itchy or watery eyes, or headaches. Common mediators are histamine and leukotrienes. While the disease itself is not very serious, the symptoms of allergic rhinitis are bothersomeand considered by by many patients as serious and debilitating. Some 59% of patients with allergic rhinitis consider their condition moderately severe or severe. It was indicated in the study that in one out of five patients, they feel their health care provider downplay their allergy symptoms (Gallup Study of Allergies, 2005). ...
However, the most appropriate allergy treatment should be based on the results of allergy tests, medical history such as triggers and seasonality of symptoms, family history of allergies, past and current treatment, and severity. Medical practitioners, however, should take into consideration patient expectations and tolerances. “Treatment can include avoidance of allergen, pharmacotherapy, and/or allergen immunotherapy. The treatment plan must also consider co-morbid conditions,” (Marple et al, 2007, S108). Affected persons can still lead normal and productive lives through proper management and patient education. Treatment should have a rapid onset and convenience, safe and cost effective, immune tolerant, improved patient adherence, and recognized and treatment co-morbidities (Marple et al, 2007). Allergic rhinitis impacts on patient well-being and functioning as it impairs the quality of life such as vitality, psychological and social aspects of the patients’ lives, energy and behavior of children, cognitive functioning and mood, and school or work performance (Tanner et al, 1999). Children with symptomatic allergic rhinitis are inattentive, absent-minded, irritable, preoccupied, or impaired in learning and school performance. Children aged 10 to 12 years had significantly deficient learning retention as exaggerated by the use of a sedating antihistamine and partially mitigated by the use of a non-sedating antihistamine as compared to children without the disease (Vuurman et al, 1993). It is highly possible that allergic children may be asked to leave the classroom due to disruptive behavior. Worse if they may be misdiagnosed as having
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Allergic rhinitis is the commonest cause of rhinitis and is a significant cause of distress and impairment of quality of life (Sheikh and Najib, 2010). Treatment mainly involves 3 aspects: environmental control of allergens, drug administration and immunotherapy (Sheikh and Najib, 2010).
These mild infections are usually caused by a myriad of viruses. This viruses cause viral illness in turn cause a combination of symptoms such as runny nose, runny eyes, ear fluid, stuffy nose and fever. Common cold is an infection that starts to show it fully symptoms after 3 days of feeling ill however the symptoms can last up to one or two weeks.
The patient was examined by nursing practitioner who took her thorough personal medical and family history and physical examination. A general management of allergic rhinitis begins with history and manifestations, diagnosis involving tests and follow-up screening procedures.
Along with this increase in demand for qualified pharmacists has come a need to help advise and guide professionals who are working in the field and those that are planning on entering it.
To aid students and professionals, the pharmaceutical giant Glaxo has developed the Pathway Evaluation Program for Pharmacy Professionals.
The people inhabiting such areas are particularly exposed to the ensuing environmental pollution and therefore the health risks associated with it. It is a pity that a considerable number of media reports do time and again fail to give a realistic appraisal of the health hazards associated with oil refineries.
According to the report the most frequent immunotoxic effect of drugs is hypersensitivity reactions. The other immunotoxic effects of drugs are immunosuppression, immunostimulation, and autoimmunity. A number of airborne chemicals, food chemicals, food additives and contaminants are suspected in causing hypersensitivity.
He needed a medication which he could take before he went in to work but would not affect his ability to do his work. I observed that the pharmacist interviewed and asked him how long he had these symptoms and if he already took any prescription or
Loratadine not statistically different from placebo in clinician and patient symptom score ratings nor in overall clinician and patient evaluations. FP ANS plus Ioratadine and FP ANS monotherapy comparable in
Along with exposure to microbes, consumption of raw milk, which contains whey proteins, also contribute to immunity in children.
The aim of the present study is to discuss the evidences supporting the hypothesis that the children
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