Substance abuse is the misuse of drugs and alcohol. This is a common problem not only in the US, but also in many other parts of the world. In the past, drug addiction was a serious problem that was commonly viewed as a flaw in morality…
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Substance abuse is the misuse of drugs and alcohol. This is a common problem not only in the US, but also in many other parts of the world. In the past, drug addiction was a serious problem that was commonly viewed as a flaw in morality.However, these perceptions have changed over the years and now it is widely understood that substance addiction is a disease that affects the brain (Cohen, Young and McChargue, 2009). This knowledge has made it possible for scientists to come up with different effective treatment options for substance abuse patients. Pharmacological interventions have gained popularity in many healthcare facilities as some of the most effective steps in treating drug and alcohol addictions. Pharmacological interventions in the course of substance abuse treatment involve the use of clinical drugs to help people with drug and alcohol related problems to get over them National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1999). The use of pharmacological interventions is quite effective in handling exposure to trigger cues for drug taking and drug carving. Pharmacological interventions have been widely used in the treatment of withdrawal symptoms (Cohen, Young and McChargue, 2009). These interventions normally reduce these symptoms, thus making it easier for the patient to get over his or her addiction quickly enough. Pharmacological intervention programs often involve the use of different types of drugs whose effects can minimize the agony caused by withdrawal symptoms. ...
The lack of dopamine lessens cravings for opiates and alcohol. Buprenorphine also works by blocking the effects of opiates on the body system. It is considerd to be a better option than most pharmacological intervention drugs since it has somewhat mild effects on withdrawal National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1999). Acamprosate is used in the intervention of alcohol addiction. The drug lowers irritability that is normally present during the early days or weeks of recovery. It reduces the pleasurable feeling that one normally craves due to alcohol addiction. It stabilizes the neurotransmitter activities in the brain. Methadone and LAAM are some of the most commonly used phamarcological intervention drugs in health facilities today. They are effective in reducing the withdrawal symptoms in opiate addicts. They have longer lasting effects than most intervention drugs. Disulfiram is an alcohol abuse intervention drug. Oxycodone drugs are also widely used for intervention and treatment of opioid dependence. These two drugs wok by inducing unpleasant feelings when one drinks, thereby reducing cravings (Golan, 2008). Methadone is the preferred pharmacological intervention drug for opiate addiction due to its low levels of addiction risk when compared to other drugs. The drug affects the same organs affected by drugs such as morphine and heroin; however, it has milder effects. When a patient takes a specific dose of methadone, his body reacts like he has taken alcohol, but the craving is greatly diminished. This is how a patient using methadone during intervention is able to avoid painful withdrawal symptoms. bupropion and varenicline are used in the intervention of tobacco addiction National Institute on Drug
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The paper throws light on substance abuse that encompasses dependence of an individual on various mood altering agents like drugs such as marijuana, alcohol, opioids, stimulating agents, narcotic agents, depressants, inhalants and hallucinogenic agents. Addiction to these agents causes serious health implications, affects individual's personal as well as social life and also results in the family issues.
The occurrence of this disorder would start from depression and consequent drug abuse or vice versa. Because of the coexistence of two disorders within one individual concurrently, the treatment plan which is aimed at allowing the patient to recover from both problems.
Substance abuse is one of the burgeoning societal issues in many of the developed nations including the United States. The problem is highly attributed to the paucity of effective legal initiative toward this issue. The most horrible feature of drug abuse is that most of the people get addicted to drugs and alcohol if once they used it.
These substances can in turn lead to dependence which basically manifests as behavioral, cognitive, and physiological symptoms which then develop after repeated abuse of these substances. Such dependence can often lead to dangerous health consequences and in some cases, death.
Substance abuse led many facilities and service providers to address the problem. Since early 2000, persons aged 55 and older had been found to have used illicit drugs and mostly were older adult men. Further, over 6 million had been reported to be alcohol users (“Substance Abuse Among,” 2001).
It is also an issue which pervades almost all aspects of people’s lives, from their family, to their community, the school, and the workplace. This paper shall discuss substance abuse as it impacts on the current work environment which I am part of. Specifically, this study shall be based on the thesis: substance abuse has a negative impact on workplace results and outcomes.
In affirmation, while reviewed form the early symptoms that potentiate the diagnosis of schizophrenia, Mr. S reported episodes of being restless. Tense feelings and irritability are positive symptoms of an individual suffering from schizophrenia. Consequently, Mr.
They indicate that the substance use amongst some individuals in the society have their roots in childhood. In one of the studies, it is indicated that the unaddressed psychological issues cause over 6% of the juvenile delinquency in childhood (Barkley 2003).
The term substance abuse can be defined as an excessive use of addictive substances.Due to its misuse, the functioning of ones body and mind can alter resulting in adverse social consequences, such as failure to meet work, family, or school obligations, interpersonal conflicts, or legal problems.This term mainly refers to overeating, cigarette smoking, alcohol abuse, or drug abuse.Alcohol is one of the most frequently abused substances.
Military personnel, having to confront various combat situations involving death, injury and mutilation to human body, constantly undergo stress in their lives. Even on their return from active duty, memories of these traumatic events keep haunting them and, as a result, their stress levels persist.
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