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Risk and Public Health - Essay Example

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An essay "Risk and Public Health" outlines that the perspective of risk in public health management, risk signifies the probability of harmful effects on population due to certain human activities. Public health therefore critically evaluates the execution of different activities…
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Risk and Public Health

Download file to see previous pages... Risks in public health can arise from different perspectives including natural as well as man-made. Natural risks are often the results of break out of any epidemic or any other natural calamity. Risk can also rise due to the use of the medicines and their potential impact on the human health. What is also critical to understand that various behaviors, lifestyles as well as cultural factors of various groups and sub-groups can actually result in higher risk? The stratification of a population and typical characteristics associated with such risks often requires a careful examination of various social factors contributing towards such risks.( Bennett, 2010). Health-related inequalities can also contribute towards the creation of such risks and how to deal with them. Health risk actions particularly involve the prevailing health inequalities in terms of how the various social classes and strata of the population actually respond to various risk situations. Certain ethnic groups have higher tendencies to fall prey to different health-related risks, therefore, the overall public health response to such risks should be tailored accordingly. From the perspective of risk in public health, there are different steps which need to be performed in order to clearly assess the risks. First, it is important to actually identify the hazard which could possibly have an impact on the public health. Hazard assessment is a qualitative exercise to actually assess the adverse impacts of the same. ...
Hazard assessment is a qualitative exercise to actually assess the adverse impacts of the same. Hazard assessment also requires to study the strength of evidence regarding the possible impacts any public health related issue can have on the public. For example, for smoking, risk hazards would be quantified to assess as to what could be the potential impacts of the same on the health of the individual, environment as well as other persons coming in direct contact with smokers.( Bunton,& Macdonald, 2002).  It is critical to note that the overall concept of risk is related with the concept of likelihood or chance. From the public health point of view, risks therefore need to be considered from the degree of chances and based upon this assessment of probability, the overall response of public health is determined. However common biases as well as misperception about the risks can actually lead to the different biases resulting into inadequate response in managing any risk whether serious or not. Dose Response analysis is also performed in order to assess as to how the dose will actually result into desired effect. This is relatively complex concept and procedure to perform and the overall preparation for this part of the risk assessment is done through scientific research studied on animals etc. Public health authorities also need to ensure that the genetic differences in individuals are also considered because the overall response of individuals may be different based upon genetic makeup of the individuals. Exposure quantification is another step which is administered in order to ascertain how much containment will be required by the public. Various factors such as ethnic background, life styles etc are taken into consideration in order to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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