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Lung cancer - Research Paper Example

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Lung cancer Lung cancer is one of the most devastating pulmonary diseases and is considered as a leading cause of death from neoplastic conditions. In many countries lung cancer is one of the highest deaths causing disease such as in United States…
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Lung cancer

Download file to see previous pages... In UK lung cancer accounts for 33,400 deaths per year from the 39,000 cases diagnosed. Those who survive have only a five-year survival rate of only 8-11% (Leary 2012). The current figures reflect the severity and grave nature of lung cancer. The incidence of lung cancer is high and the related death is also increasing. Lung cancer is divided into further various types depending on the pathological and histological criteria. The diagnosis of lung cancer can be made through proper evaluation of significant clinical manifestations, past history of patient and analysis of the risk factors and etiological factors. The causes of lung cancer are described by different scholars in terms of both genetic causes and non-genetic causes. The proceeding study includes the epidemiology, pathology, classification, causes, clinical manifestations and diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for lung cancer. The common age at which the lung cancer presents is usually during the elder years of life. In United States 70 is considered as the median age for lung cancer. The advancing age of the patients acts as a hindrance to the anti-cancer therapies as they are usually suffering from various co-morbidities and have a difficulty coping with the treatment (Keshamouni et al 2009). ...
In United States a clear racial difference is seen when it comes to epidemiological data relevant to lung cancer. Lung cancer is more common in black men as compared to white men however, no difference in incidence rates is observed in the white women and black women (Keshamouni et al 2009). According to the United Kingdom epidemiological data collected in 2009 it was observed that the rate of lung cancer was higher in an all white ethnic group as compared to non-white ethnic groups. In white ethnic group the rate was 61.1-62.6 per 100,000 while the rates was found to be 22.4-48.6 per 100,000 in the Chinese group, 23.1-37.2 per 100,000 in an Asian group and 21.9-43.1 per 100,000 in a mixed ethnic group (Leary 2012). The geographical variation of lung cancer shows predominance in developed countries especially in North America and Europe. It is less prevalent in developing countries such as South America and Africa (Spiro et al 2009). The incidence of lung cancer and the frequency of mortality related to lung cancer have been increased from the first half of the twentieth century, as established through the epidemiological studies. In 1930s first it was noticed that lung cancer is becoming a leading cause of mortality at an alarmingly increasing frequency. Various case-control studies conducted in the 1950s established a strong link between the occurrence of lung cancer and smoking cigarettes. Although tobacco had been used for smoking purposes for hundreds of years, it was proved through epidemiological data that the occurrence of cancer of the lung has enhanced due to smoking because of the introduction of cigarettes with different properties. Cigarettes ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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