Nobody downloaded yet

Thyroid Cancer - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland located in the lower anterior neck region and consists of two lobes right and left joined at the midline through a bridge of thyroid tissue known as isthmus (IAEA, 2009). Thyroid cells are one of the distinct cells of the body that have the ability to absorb and store iodine which is used to synthesize hormone thyroxin…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.5% of users find it useful
Thyroid Cancer Research Paper
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Thyroid Cancer"

Download file to see previous pages Overall prevalence of cancer in nodule is 5-15% with reportedly higher occurrence rates in female (representing ratio of 3:1) and older patients. National Cancer Institute reports about 56,000 cases of thyroid cancer in U.S each year (Norman, 2009). Thyroid carcinomas represent less than 1% of all human cancers with global incidence rates from 0.5-10% per 100,000 populations (IAEA, 2009) Risk Factors: Studies indicate that exposure to radiation, iodine intake, family history of thyroid cancer, chronic goiter etc are suspected a risk factors for thyroid cancer (IAEA, 2009). Clinical Presentation: Thyroid gland is actively involved in metabolic functions of the body and therefore, patients with thyroid malfunction present with wide range of symptoms. Generally the enlargements of gland either diffuse or asymptomatic hard rapidly growing nodule is major sign of thyroid cancer. However, the evaluation of these nodules as malignant or benign is major concern (IAEA, 2009). Other symptoms may include cough, difficulty in swallowing, swelling in neck region, hoarsened voice, thyroid gland enlargement, morphological abnormality or calcification of thyroid etc. History and physical examination: On physical examination, a hard rapidly growing nodule with swollen lymph nodes is observed. ...
Radiological imaging of thyroid can be done through high resolution ultrasound, thin section CT scan or MRI. Yet, the initial evaluation should be focused on clinical history, physical examination, serum hormone levels further supported by FNA (IAEA, 2009). Thyroid ultrasound is widely used technique in diagnostics and reveals characteristics such as micro-calcifications, hypoechogenicity, irregular borders and intranodal blood flow etc. These patterns increase the suspicion of malignancy; however, fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) should be utilized to confirm diagnosis. FNAC is suggestively performed on thyroid nodule of 1 cm on clinical presentation and family history (Pacini et al., 2010). Other tests to evaluate and classify thyroid cancer include thyroid biopsy and laryngoscopy. Types of Thyroid cancer: Thyroid cancers can be classified into epithelial or non-epithelial. Epithelial malignant neoplasms originate from follicular or parafollicular C-cells, whereas, sarcomas and malignant lymphomas constitute non-epithelial tumors. 1. Follicular carcinoma is malignant tumors of epithelial cells that exhibit follicular cell differentiation. These represent about 25-40% of thyroid cancers. Follicular carcinomas can be classified into a. minimally invasive carcinomas: excellent prognosis with 95% recovery rate. b. Widely invasive carcinomas present excessive invasion of neoplasm of surrounding tissue. Prognosis is good with 20% reported mortality rate (IAEA, 2009). 2. Insular or poorly differentiated carcinomas arise from follicular cells rapidly converting into aggressive neoplasm which later metastasizes to local and distant lymph nodes. Poor prognosis and higher mortality ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Thyroid Cancer Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/english/1448814-thyroid-cancer
(Thyroid Cancer Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Thyroid Cancer Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1448814-thyroid-cancer.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Pancreatic Cancer Research Paper
It is the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths in men and women. According to the American Cancer Society, nearly 43,920 new cases and 37,390 deaths will occur in the United States in 2012 as a result of pancreatic cancer. This disease has been increasing at a rate of 1.5% every year with a survival rate of only 4% in patients five years after diagnosis.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Poitassium iodide as a radioprotector
Administration of Potassium Iodide as a radioprotector after nuclear accidents The only potential causes of large radioiodine emissions into the air are a disastrous accident within an operating nuclear reactor, and a detonation of nuclear weapons. In case of a nuclear event, detrimental and poisonous radioactive materials could be emitted into the environment.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Colonrectal Cancer Research Paper
al. 2011). Specifically, about 72% of cases arise in the colon and about 28% in the rectum. Modifiable and non- modifiable risk factors are associated with this type of cancer and are seen as the backbone of its preventive measures. Actually, colorectal cancer is a preventable type of cancer and is often treatable especially when diagnosed at an early stage.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Cancer Biology Research Paper
There are several reasons why a person is inflicted with this disease though a very definitive cause has not been established for all cancers and it is also known that not all forms of tumors are malignant and dangerous. When cancer really spread in the body, they may also enter through the lymphatic system or bloodstream to sites other than the major organ where these cells lie (Cairns et al 2011).
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Cancer Health Sciences and Medicine Research Paper
Cancer, also known as malignant neoplasm, the hallmark characteristic involves uncontrolled proliferation of cells. Under normal conditions cell grow, divide and die, but in cancer cells the defect takes place at the gene level leading to the formation of an abnormal DNA.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Cancer Treatment Research Paper
It is also found throughout the world and manifests itself even in other animals and plants. There are a variety of methods of treatment which includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, monoclonal antibody treatment, immunotherapy and alternative treatment.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Psychological Impact on Cancer Patients That Have Six Months of Life
Cancer is one of most devastating diseases; it is considered a terminal disease and its effects range from physiological disturbances to psychological disturbances. Its therapy is bombarded with a lot of side effects that also alter the psychological and physiological well-being of the patient.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Explaining a Concept Research Paper
Basically, the proposed research topic is about the need to discuss the link between zinc deficiency and the development of cancer cells. So, what do we really know about? In the study of medicine,
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Pancreatic Cancer Research Paper
The limited availability of the management options also add to the misery of medical physicians trying to combat with this deadly disease along with the patients. Much research has been conducted to understand the exact mechanisms involved in the development of malignant cells.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Cancer and Nutrition
Cancer and Nutrition. It is a well known fact that nutrition plays a major role in prevention of cancer together with other lifestyle changes and physical activity. Researchers support the plant based diet to be the best for the prevention as well as in those survivors of cancer.
14 Pages(3500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Thyroid Cancer Research Paper for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us