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Sickle cell disease - Research Paper Example

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Name Tutor Course College Date Abstract Sickle cell is a disease that is hereditary and is passed from one generation to another. It usually comes with severe pains during the times of the crises. However there are various ways that can be used to reduce and manage the pain…
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Sickle cell disease
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Download file to see previous pages Introduction Red blood cells are cells found in the blood and that are used to transport oxygen to various parts of the body. Hemoglobin is cells found around red blood cells and aid the red blood cells in the transportation of oxygen. For a normal person, the red blood cells are normally circular in shape and because of this shape, they are able to move around every part of the body and be able to fit in through. In some cases, the hemoglobin can cause the red blood cells to change their shape into a sickle shape thereby losing their original circular shape. When this happens, then red blood cells are not able to move around the whole body and sometimes it is blocked on its way by barriers. This can cause deficiency of oxygen in parts of the body therefore making the patient to feel a lot of pain. This condition is known as sickle anemia. Anemia is a condition in which the body has less blood to transport the needed oxygen to various parts of the body. This condition is always genetic and is passed from one generation to another. However it is funny to note that one can contain the sickle cell gene but not have the disease. However in few cases, the disease does manifest itself (Cheatman, 1990). When blood doe not move around the vessels due to the presence of the crescent shaped red blood cells, it causes occlusion. This is a condition in which the blood vessels are clogged and as a result, the blood is not able to move to various parts of the vessel. This is always very painful and most patients are known to scream because of the pain. This kind of pain causes what is known as the crisis of the sickle cell disease? Is there a way that can be used to stop this pain for patients? Sickle cell crises The clogging of blood vessels can result in very severe pain that is called the sickle cell crises. During this period, the patient experiences an imaginable pain and in most cases forced to go to hospitals for emergency treatments. At the beginning, the damages are noticed by the behaviours and the loss of appetite by the patient. Then slowly the start to experience the pain that can last from a few hours to several days. During this time, the patient can easily die if no medication is delivered and they are always screaming their lungs out due to the pain. However these pains do not come every day. They come once depending with the patient. However around 70% of the patients with sickle disease doesn’t experience the crises, among the ones who experience the crisis, it mainly occurs like once in a lifetime or even after a year depending with the patient. To relieve this pain medication is delivered to the patient as well as other fluids that are known to cause a decrease in the amount of pain that the patient experiences. Sickle cell disease can be triggered by some conditions (Jacob, 2003). These conditions include Infections such as flu or cold Fatigue Too much exercise to the body Dehydration (patients are normally advised to take in a lot of water and fluids) Lack of enough oxygen in the body Who has the disease? Sickle cell disease is genetic and is passed from one generation to another genetically. In the United States, it is estimated that the African Americans are the most likely group to have the disease. One out of 500 African Americans has the disease. Following the line are the Hispanic Americans. It is estimated that for every 1000 Hispanic American, 1 is likely to have the disease. In America, it is estimated ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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