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Athlete psychology 2 - Essay Example

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Drawing on the relevant research literature, critically discuss the relative merits of various psycho-social intervention strategies to help athletes expedite their re-entry into competitive sport. Sports based injury rehabilitation has evolved over the decades…
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Athlete psychology 2

Download file to see previous pages... Common factors are generally identified for rehabilitation in nearly all of the models in use but there is disagreement as to the relative weightage of factors in use. Moreover, certain literature has concentrated on evaluating previously formulated models in order to expand on or to improve such models. This text will attempt to review the literature present on athlete rehabilitation after injury in order to develop a clearer picture on the models in use. A number of differentiated and related models as well as theories have been used in order to delineate sport injury rehabilitation. Perhaps the best known of these models has been the integrated model of sport injury rehabilitation (Wiese-Bjornstal et al., 1998). In recent years the biophyschosocial model of sport injury rehabilitation (Brewer et al., 2002) has gained widespread attention in the sports injury rehabilitation domain. Some old models such as those proposed by Kubler-Ross (1969) consisting of stage based grief response have also been expanded on in recent years. The stage model of the return to sport proposed by Taylor and Taylor (1997) is also worth looking into given the derivation of its parts from other models. In addition to the models in use, a number of theories have also been expounded in order to delineate sports injury rehabilitation. ...
ecades a number of other theories were also proposed to delineate sports injury rehabilitation including the reversal theory (Apter, 1982), protection motivation theory (Rogers, 1975) and the personal investment theory (Maehr & Braskamp, 1986). In order to understand these models and theories it would be pertinent to look into each proposed mechanism separately. However, the best possible approach would be to start out with more holistic models that tend to account for a number of factors. This would allow more mature critique of the models and theories that lack a number of psychosocial variables. The first model under discourse will be the integrated model (Wiese-Bjornstal et al., 1998) that has gained prominence due to its holistic approach. The model suggests that both pre-injury and post-injury factors need to be taken into account in order to improve sports injury rehabilitation efforts. Furthermore, this model clearly delineates that the rehabilitation efforts are carried out through a three pronged effort which relies on cognition, emotion and behavioural response. These efforts for improvement are kept in check throughout the process using appraisal methods. The model further suggests that pre-injury and post-injury factors are differentiated from each other. Pre-injury factors for sports injury rehabilitation under the integrated model include: personality (hardiness, optimism etc.); previous history of stressors (daily hassles, major events in life etc.); coping resources (coping strategies, psychological skills etc.). In contrast, the model delineates the post-injury factors as: personal (injury severity, gender, age etc.); situational variables (allowance for social support, significant others, environmental support for rehabilitation, emotional situation ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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