The researcher of this paper focuses on providing information regarding different aspects of Depression, a condition affecting 30% of the primary care patients. At the end the paper contains information regarding future research on the disorder. …
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According to the research findings for more than 2000 years, depression has been recognized as a clinical syndrome but unfortunately its paradoxical features andcharacteristics have not yet been fully comprehended. Depression is defined as “A term used to designate a complex pattern of deviations in feelings, cognition, and behavior”. (Beck et al 2009). Physical health, relationships, and cognitive performance are adversely affected by clinical and subsyndromal depression. In industrialized counteries, depression would be the second leading cause of mental illness by 2020 and is currently the major contributor to total disease burden. Depression not only confers misery upon the sufferers but also poses tremendous problems for their loved ones. (Sharpley et al 2010). In accordance with DSM-IV, “depressive disorders” are classified into three types, namely: major depressive disorder (further classified as single or recurrent), bipolar affective disorder (formerly known as manic depression), and subdromal mood disorders such as cyclothymia and dysthymia. The natural history of a disorder cannot be completely defined until the homogenous disorder hasn’t been clearly understood and similar has been the case with depression. Bipolar affective disorder (manic-depressive disease) was placed in a different category from unipolar depressive disorder (depressive disease) in the year 1966. The separation led to the identification of distinguishing characteristics of the two disorders. Accordingly, it was recognized that bipolar disorder is characterised by the expression of both mania and depression, whereas, unipolar disorder only consists of depression. Depression is not a spontaneous disorder but is a cumulative effect of various factors such as childhood trauma and sexual abuse. Throughout the 1700s, depression was known as Dealth Syndrome because of the fact that many sufferers’ achieved death by committing suicide. During the 1700s, Depression was perceived as a stigma and sufferers’ were usually hidden by their family members in an effort to avoid the ramifications of societal stigmatization surrounding depression. (Winokur et al 1996). Causes of Depression: In accordance with DSM-IV, males have a probability of 5-12% of developing depression at any point in their lives, whereas, females have a higher probability of 10-25%. In accordance with various recent studies, it has been revealed that childhood exposure to traumatic events has a strong positive correlation with the development of comorbid disorders such as depression. Moreover, it has been recognized that the effects of chronic abuse in children are devastating and such children have an increased tendency to develop posttraumatic disorder and depression later on in their lives. Other causes of depression include: suffering from a disfiguring or a debilitating disease, failure to excel in school, college, or professional life, lack of social support, alcohol and substance abuse, unemployment, and financial problems. (Nixon et al 2010). Treatment: The major treatment strategies utilized in the management of depression are as follows: A. Medical: Depression associated with reactive disorders is relatively easy to manage and in most cases does not require drug therapy. In such cases, management strategies usually involve psychotherapy. Anti depressant drug therapy yields excellent results in severe cases which are characterized by symptoms persisting for several weeks coupled with significant vegetative signs. Three groups of anti depressant medications are available, which are as follows: i. SSRIs and Atypical Antidepressants: These drugs are considered to be one of the frontline drugs in the treatment of depression. The popularity of SSRIs and atypical antidepressants is due to their
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(Depression Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words - 2)
“Depression Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words - 2”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1395658-depression.
This research aims to evaluate and present the most intimidating symptoms of depression such as inaction, staying in the bed, melancholy. In serious cases people are not even able to get up and dress. When the patients with this mental disease are hospitalized they can even make an attempt of suicide.
According to the research findings depression can critically impair the ability of an individual to function in everyday situations. However, for persons with depression who obtain proper specialized care, recovery prospects are good. The improvement of this condition’s recognition as well as management is therefore a worthy goal.
The researcher states that a person with depression has to face difficulties in his/her daily activities and cannot perform daily functions in a normal and regular manner. Depression does not only affect a single individual, but also his/her family and friends. Depression is also associated with many chronic diseases and this can lead to high rates of mortality.
The methodology one adopts to tackle the situation depends on the intellect as well as prior experiences under certain circumstances the situation becomes tough and the individual cannot control the things. The things seem to recede away and here germinates the feeling of despair, anguish, hopelessness and distress together leading to depression.
Some people may mange their stresses judiciously whereas others fail to do so. Stress management failure often results in the development of negative thoughts which may lead towards depression like psychological diseases. Both heredity and environment play an important role in the making of a depressive person.
Depression is something much more than temporary blues. An individual suffering from depression is not able to enjoy life like he/she did when otherwise. Depression saps an individual’s interest in activities, outing and hanging around with friends and rather puts the individual into social exclusion.
Currently, it is one of the most common psychiatric disorders and is currently ranked number four by the World Health Organization in terms of global disease burden. Depression may become a chronic disorder and if in appropriately treated may lead to disability or more serious consequences such as suicide.