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Laws and its relevance to global issues on HIV, mental health & substance and alcohol abuses - Research Paper Example

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Laws and its Relevance to Global issues on HIV, Mental Health, & Substance and Alcohol Abuses Name Subject The universal world health policy, as set by the World Health Organization (WHO), has reflected an extensive system, plan and implementing procedure aimed at developing proper response mechanism to major health issues affecting the general well-being and welfare of the world…
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Laws and its relevance to global issues on HIV, mental health & substance and alcohol abuses

Download file to see previous pages... MDG, which is adopted among member states of United Nations (UN), is a framework aimed to deliver time-bound targets for global healthcare by 2015 (WHO, 2011). Information in AIDS/HIV Cases WHO, UNAIDS and UNICEF (2011) reports pointed that there is an increasing number of persons infected of HIV from 29.5 million in 2002 to 34 million in 2010. Last year, averages of 2.7 million were newly infected and about 1.8 million are considered dying. Of those diagnosed positive of HIV, about 35% are pregnant women. WHO, UNAIDS and UNICEF (2011) further bared that, as part of the response, there are now 22,400 facilities worldwide providing antiretroviral therapy and about 6,650,000 number of adult and 456,000 children patients are benefiting said therapy in 2010. The coverage of antiretroviral medicines for preventing mother-to-child transmission was also increased to 48% in 2010 as compared to 9% last year (WHO, 2011). While indicators showed that the HIV-related death declined from 2.2 million in 2005 to 1.8 million in 2010, but the increased number of infected persons worldwide and the percentile of transmission, there remained a challenged to sustain and expand the coverage, quality and accessibility of interventions (WHO, 2011; Mead, 2011). Authorities recognized the need to scale up core programmatic activities by working in synergy with other sectors to further reduce the HIV-infected persons to 7.4 million and fewer death rates by 2020 (WHO, 2011).Such is inclusive of the increasing the efficiency of new delivery of services. This however requires an optimized yearly budget of US 7-9 billion in addition to allocated $15 billion (WHO, 2011). Health experts must likewise encourage patients or infected persons to seek or access medical services and to improve the system of intervention to ensure that affordable and quality services are accorded specially to remote rural areas and population considered as infested with high-risk infection or transmission e.g. sub-Saharan Africa and Rwanda (p. 22). The latter covered transgender, sex workers, people injected with drugs, migrants and prisoners. In the improvement of the delivery of services, WHO (2011) and partner institutions, need to streamline and coordinate systems to diversify the services that will motivate people to access health services for harm reduction, reproductive health, TB management and other transmissible infections. The system must allow greater communication; strengthen referral system; and holistic epidemiological profiles—inclusive of critical situation associated with aging, poor nutrition, sanitation problems and psychiatric ailment (WHO, 2011). Mental health & developmental disability Development is impossible if people are beset of mental health problems, as this hinders the development of human potential to work productively. Thus, the need to support health programs for mental health development. This is essential as an integrated part of the effective and quality healthcare and prevention program. Health experts assert that better mental health is significant for poverty reduction, human capital development, and service delivery (WHO, 2011). It is a human right. In this advocacy, WHO-MIND (2011) worked to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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