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China's Economic Geography Is Changing - Assignment Example

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The author of "China's Economic Geography Is Changing" the paper explains why China focusing on developing infrastructure, identifies geographical factors makes China’s environment so variable, and explains why the population is increasing after one-child policy implementation…
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Chinas Economic Geography Is Changing
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Download file to see previous pages The development of the market economy in China can be categorized into two distinct phases. One is the pre-reform period before1978 and the other one is the post-1978 period. During the pre-reform period in China, there was an “autarchic socialist command economy system based on the Soviet model, with a strong focus on government-directed resource allocation, development of heavy industry, large state-run enterprise and price controls”. (Kong, McKissack & Zhang).The economic growth in the country was started under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping. The implementation of decentralization was the key movement in the reformation of the market in China. The reforms change the structure of the economy drastically. In 1978 it was a poor country with per capita GDP was lower than even that of India and 3% of that of the USA in 1978. But after the government intervention and reformation, the economy started to grow lips and bounce with an annual average growth rate of 10% in GDP. The size of the market was doubling in size every 8 years and now it is 22 times larger than that of 1978. Started with labor productivity and up to export and FDI-in all segments there was significant growth in all aspects of the Chinese economy.

Not only from an economic perspective but also from infrastructure and political aspects China has changed over the last two decades. From 1978 to 2000 the GDP of the country has increased on an average of 9.3% every year. As a matter of fact, China has adopted a step by step process to incorporate the transition in its economy. The process was started from the rural areas and gradually the changes incorporated in the urban, semi-urban, and in metros. The process was initiated in the year 1979 in the provinces of Anhui and Sichuan. Some villages of those provinces had adopted a pilot household project. It was a responsibility system that “linked farmers' income to their output, rather than giving them equal salaries.” (Beijing time). The process was a successful one and soon many other villages started to follow the same route. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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