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The Role of the River Nile in Egyptian Civilization - Research Paper Example

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This research is being carried out to evaluate and present how the river Nile informed every aspect of Egyptian civilization paying special attention to the agriculture and transportation, politics and economic activities, and beliefs and religion…
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The Role of the River Nile in Egyptian Civilization
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Download file to see previous pages The present research has identified that the Nile River that runs from East Central Africa through the north in Egypt and into the Mediterranean Sea is 6695 kilometers. It is said to be the longest river, with the Amazon River coming next. Passing from Uganda to Ethiopia, it crosses nine countries – Zaire, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Egypt and the two countries mentioned above. But due to the popularity of ancient Egypt and its mention in biblical accounts, Nile River has been generally associated with Egypt. Many activities and the social life of ancient Egyptians were influenced by the Nile River. Rain rarely occurs in Egypt, thus, the people would surely resort to the Nile as the main source of water for their needs. Moreover, the yearly floods during spring had made the soil extremely fertile when the river overflows to the banks. Irrigation of agricultural lands also comes from the river. The popular writing material in ancient Egypt, the papyrus reeds also come from the Nile. The reeds were also used as building materials. The Nile Valley is around four percent of the total area of Egypt but 96 percent of the population lives there in the 20th century. Thus, the social and economic activities occur mostly in this area. The remaining portion of the country is desert land. Ancient Egyptian civilization started around 3100 BCE after the unification of Upper Egypt with Lower Egypt when King Menes conquered Lower Egypt. The king established his capital in Memphis (which is near modern Cairo). He started the ruling dynasty, which was followed, by more than 30 dynasties later. Around one to four million people lived in the Nile Valley while the rest thrived along the delta and oases located westward from the river. Agricultural activities and production rely upon the flooding of the Nile. The spring rains on the Ethiopian territory flooded the Nile on the Egyptian banks and the Nile Valley from June to October. During this period, the valley becomes a wide lake; but when the waters retreat back towards the river, a fertile soil and silt are left behind. ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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