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Physical Description of North and South America - Term Paper Example

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The paper contains a physical description of north and south America Each is considered a subcontinent. Interns of ancestral roots, Canada and the USA are considered North America (or Anglo-America), and the central and south America and Caribbean islands Latin America. …
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Physical Description of North and South America
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Download file to see previous pages The North American continent is the largest of the two continents in the northern hemisphere and the third largest continent on earth. It as well bordered by South America at the Panama tip. The continent has a landmass of over 24, 000 km2. Most of the continent’s landmass is occupied by three countries (Canada, Mexico, and the USA). Thirty-four smaller islands in the Caribbean Sea constitute the remaining part of the continent.

North America has eight topographical regions. The regions have uniformity in climate, vegetation, soil, relief, and environmental conditions. The Gulf and Atlantic Coastal plains form the flattest lowlands of the interiors of North America. They are relatively geologically young (about 70 million years) and formed as a result of sedimentation of eroded rocky materials washed out from the Appalachian Mountains, the Central lowlands and the Great Plains. The plains are quite extensive. The region is well endowed in crude oil due to the deposition of coastal marine life. The region has a battery of swamps, marshes, and lagoons in the transition zone between land and sea.

The second region is the Appalachian Highlands. This region is a by-product of Appalachian mountain ranges, which was a creation of the collision of the North American continent with Europe and Africa. Continental and oceanic plates were forced to move as a result of tectonic activities causing intense folding of sedimentary rocks.
Furthermore, the remaining part of the continent is divided into four topographical regions. These are the Great Plain, which stretches from the Gulf of Mexico to the Canadian Arctic; the geologically young, mountainous west, including the Rocky Mountains, the Great Basin, California and Alaska; the raised but relatively flat plateau of the Canadian Shield in the northeast; and the varied eastern region, which includes the Appalachian Mountains, the coastal plain along the Atlantic seaboard, and the Florida peninsula.[9] ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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