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City states - Research Paper Example

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Such countries are sovereign if they are completely independent. Inside sovereign nations, we can have other independent areas referred to as city-states. A city-state relates to a…
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City states
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s Defining s The World’s geography accommo s the creation of countries with well-defined boundaries. Such countries are sovereign if they are completely independent. Inside sovereign nations, we can have other independent areas referred to as city-states. A city-state relates to a completely independent territory consisting of a city that is free from administrative instructions from a different local government. A city-state may include a central city and its environs. Notably, the environs that form a city-state have the same culture and language, profess the same religion, lead the same life, adopt a unique form of government, and follow a definite law. Most assuredly, a city-state enjoys unconditional sovereignty, regulating its own taxes, has its own budget, and represents itself independently at the United Nations. However, the level of governance varies from one city-state to another.
The ancient Greece had various city-states that were sovereign. Other ancient city-states include Athens, Thebes, Corinth, Megara, Argos, and Sparta (Martin Web). Currently, the numbers of sovereign city-states is low and include Vatican City, Monaco, and Singapore. Indeed, Singapore was initially a member of the federal kingdom of Malaysia. However, it is now sovereign. Assuredly, Vatican City doubles as a city-state and the smallest country in the world since 1929. It entails the central city of Rome that equally serves as the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. Its president is the Pope (Parker 52-58). On the other hand, the boundary of Monaco doubles as the boundary of the city-state. Nevertheless, we have other city-states that are not sovereign. For example, Germany has three city-states that include Bremen, Berlin, and Hamburg (Parker 132-136). A mayor heads the three city-states. In addition, Austria has a federal state named, Vienna. The British colony of Gibraltar is also another city-state in the United Kingdom. In Pakistan, we have a city-state called the colony of Gwadar City. Indeed, city-states fall under sovereign states, federally administered cities, cities that are component states of federations, and cities under international supervision like Danzig.
Claiming a Country
It is a hard fete to claim a country. Indeed, there is no universal way of claiming a country. However, according to the provisions of Article 1 of the Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States, a state should have mandatory four qualifications (The Globe and Mail Web). These qualifications include a permanent population that defines a group of people living within a specified geographic area over time will have common cause. In addition, such a state should have an independent and sustainable government which is either democratic or monarch. Moreover, the state should have a defined territory with clear boundaries that are not in contention with another state. Additionally, the reference state should have the capacity to enter into relations with other established states. On satisfying the four requirements, the state can now claim a country. However, the definition and realization of the four requirements is not definite and hence it is not easy to claim a country or know the number of countries in the world.
Works Cited
Martin, Phillip. Ancient Greek City-States. Web 29, November 2012. < http://greece.mrdonn.org/city-states.html > Parker, Geoffrey. Sovereign City: The City-State Ancient and Modern. London: Reaktion Books, 2004. Print.
The Globe and Mail. What makes a country? Web 29, November 2012. < http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/what-makes-a-country/article595868/> Read More
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