Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Position Paper on Mountaintop Coal Mining in Appalachia - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: Position Paper on Mountaintop Coal Mining in Appalachia Introduction Mountaintop coal mining method utilizes explosives to access coal whose availability would otherwise be limited under normal circumstances. This mining approach destroys the environment irreversibly and creates lasting negative impacts on the region surrounding the mines…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.7% of users find it useful
Position Paper on Mountaintop Coal Mining in Appalachia
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Position Paper on Mountaintop Coal Mining in Appalachia"

Download file to see previous pages Therefore, mountaintop coal mining should be reviewed if the cultural heritage and the welfare of the Appalachia communities are to be preserved. This paper explores the impacts of mountaintop mining on Appalachia, impacts that enforcement of regulations by the EPA might have on the future of coal and the extent of reliance on this particular source of coal as well as the opportunities the industry might have moving forward. The Impacts of Mountaintop Mining On Appalachia Socioeconomic Impact Coal mining in Appalachia remains an important contributor to the economy of Appalachia region providing thousands with jobs. However, the disadvantages connected with mountaintop removal coal mining in the region far much outweigh the benefits. Mountaintop removal means no jobs for underground miners and is a huge barrier to the development and diversification of the economy of the Appalachia region. The residents of Appalachia also suffer the highest level of socioeconomic disadvantages. These socioeconomic disparities have been closely link with the impact of coal mining in the area (Hendryx 9). Coal mining in Appalachia perpetuates poverty in the region. ...
n Appalachia remains a major contributor of underdeveloped infrastructure, deformed landscape, poorly educated population, chronic ailments among residents and the inability to focus on sustainable businesses (Hendryx 10). Communities near mining sites where mountaintops are blown up are often exposed to strong flash floods. Mountaintop removal mining practice remove trees on steep slopes, which makes water to flow freely from the slopes into the valleys making it dangerous for individuals who occupy those areas. Impact to General Health Appalachia is amongst the unhealthiest palaces to be in the United States. “Appalachian population experiences higher rates of chronic illnesses compared with the nation as a whole” (Ludke and Obermiller 56). Communities in Appalachia frequently suffer from heart diseases, diabetes, cancer and lung diseases, which are all linked with mountaintop mining. Mountaintop removal mining approach in Appalachia has direct and indirect connections to health issues in the area. Numerous health researches conducted in Appalachia have indicated the adverse impacts of mountaintop removal mining. For instance, one study by Gregory J. Pond indicated that over 90 percent of 27 Appalachian streams were impaired in accordance with Clean Water Act standards. In the same study, it was established that none of the ten streams sampled from none mine areas were impaired (Holzman A478), which indicates the dire consequences of mountaintop removal coal mining in Appalachia. Human health in Appalachian Mountains where mountaintop mining takes place has been deteriorating over the years. The washing of coal requires the use of approximately sixty chemicals including heavy metals, which are intrinsically available in coal. Heavy metals such as lead are known ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Position Paper on Mountaintop Coal Mining in Appalachia Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Position Paper on Mountaintop Coal Mining in Appalachia Essay)
“Position Paper on Mountaintop Coal Mining in Appalachia Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Position Paper on Mountaintop Coal Mining in Appalachia

Position Paper

...?Position Paper When it comes to business management, the values that I hold most central and important to how I approach work are creativity, innovations, self respect and flexibility. And when it comes to instrumental values, I hold dependability and trust very close to my heart. I highly value these structures I set for myself in terms of my career aspirations and my personal growth. I firmly believe that these are the value structures which are adopted by people in the field which I aspire. I also believe that personal development is the key to improve self-knowledge, identity, talents as well as enhancing the quality of life. Without personal development realizing one’s dreams and aspirations are not possible. I continually thrive...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining

... the coal and deposit the load on waiting trucks for transportation (Perks 2). This mining method is actively taking place in the Central Appalachia region spanning across four states that include, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia and Kentucky in Central America (Perks 2). A continuous increase in electricity demand and a reduction in the once easily accessed coal has led to the ever increasing coal mines in the Central Appalachian mountain tops. This has resulted to the destruction of mountaintops in the hundreds thus loosing the beauty they once possessed since the land is left bare with little or no vegetation. Many environmental organizations’ have called to the immediate halt of this mining method since they argue it poses eminent...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Mining Industry Research Paper

... and Sons. Panagiotou, G. and Michalakopoulos, T. (2000). Mine planning and equipment selection 2000. Netherlands: Balkema. Spear, S. and Bowen, H. (1999). Decoding the DNA of the Toyota production system. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from article_DecodingToyotaProductionSystem.pdf Whiteside, J. (1990). Regulating danger: The struggle for mine safety in the rocky mountain coal. USA: University of Nebraska Press....
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Underground mining, Coal Prep Plant, and Strip Mining

However, there are commons methods and techniques used to access underground. Accessing underground is done through declines, shafts, and adits (Hustrulid 318). Spiral tunnels that circle the deposit flanks or those that are sunk around the deposit being mines are referred to as the declines. These tunnels are sunk from the surface to allow access the underground. Declines can also be sunk where an open cut mine already exists, and the tunnels are made on the wall of the already open mine. Vertical excavations that are sunk close or adjacent to mineral deposits are referred to as the shafts. In most cases, they are sunk for both access to underground and shaft haulage purposes. On the other hand, adits refer to horizontal or near...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Position paper

...?Your Full Your 20 November Relationships are Difficult Because Men and Women are Inherently Different Relationships between the two sexes are often hard to understand and it is quite a feat for those involved to maintain them with ease. It is contended that men and women are different biologically; therefore, it is only but natural for them to have a different approach to relationships. Although some people claim that it is actually social conditioning that is to be blamed, there is ample evidence, so to speak, to prove that men and women are inherently different form one another, thus causing many a problem in their relationships. The scientific community has conducted many studies that have shown that not only are men and women...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Position Paper

This paper will serve to look into the reasons as to why animal testing should not be tolerated and should be banned altogether from use in our highly advanced 21st century society of animal rights activists. According to NAVS, the reason that animals became the de-facto choice for testing of human products was really quite simple, the animal body closely resembled that of humans. For the early scientific community, that was the only criteria they needed in order to justify animal testing. The first documented use of animal experimentation dates back to the 4th century. But our modern society no longer has a need to use animal testing now that we understand the human and animal body a lot better than our ancestors ever did. Many...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Slope mining coal

However, with surface depletion of coal and the receding of the levels at which coal strata are found to deeper underground, slope mines are more commonly being used (ThinkQuest, 2006).
Slope mining of coal is the process by which coal is tapped from the coal bed or coal seam lying deep under a mountain or ground surface, through an inclined opening on the mountain side. From the opening, a slanting tunnel that is bored through the rock strata present over the coal, down to the coal seam, is used for mining the coal. If the stratum of coal is inclined and exposed to the surface of mountain side or ground, the slope mine may be created along the coal layer (MSN Encarta, 2008).
If the gradation of the slope is steeply inclin...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Proposal

Position Paper

... their viewpoint as marijuana was found to be effective in treating fatally ailing patients. This group encompasses physicians especially those dealing with chronic illness such as AIDS and cancer. The two major groups supporting the legalization of marijuana are Physicians Association for AIDS and National Lymphoma Foundation. Physicians instituted that marijuana was found to stimulate appetite in AIDS patients and thereby providing them confidence to struggle treacherous consequences. Marijuana was also found to be effective in glaucoma patients, cancer cases and other fatal diseases. Marijuana works as a wonder drug for these ailing cases as it encourages lifesaving treatment such as chemotherapy with ease and comfort (Term paper...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Hydraulic Fracturing In Coal Seam Gas Mining

...Hydraulic Fracturing in Coal Seam Gas Mining: Evaluating the Communication Strategies of the Industry in Addressing Environmental Concerns Name Name of University Note: please delete this section in final paper Guide questions used in the Literature Review I. As there are potential environmental, health and safety risks associated with hydraulic fracturing (for gas extraction) activities, I would like a literature review of the communication strategies/plans of the major oil and gas companies around the world. (How do the major oil and gas companies around the world communicate their plans to the public? Knowing the potential environmental, health and safety risks associated with hydraulic fracturing (for gas extraction) activities...
20 Pages(5000 words)Dissertation

Observation Paper on Stress at a Local High School Football Game

A large amount of stress can affect the normal behavior pattern of all the people involved in the game and people tend to be aggressive and pressure rode, depending upon nature, the conditions and the importance of the game. Stress in a game has its positive sides also: it can bring about more challenges, better performances and vigor in the game. Very often it is seen that the team that manages the stress factors of the game emerges victorious at the end. Keen observation can always result in the true understanding of the effects of pressure on people and this prompts one to have an analytical and critical conclusion regarding the changes in human interaction in a tense atmosphere. This paper attempts to show how stress affects t...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

James Madison's 51st Federalist Paper

If this theory was seriously followed, it would suggest that the citizens must opt for the president, the legislators, as well as the judges. However, the framers identified certain realistic problems in making all the offices elective. Especially, the judicial branch would face problems because the typical person does not have knowledge about what qualifications judges ought to have. Judges must have great capability, but also not have any political pressures. While federal judges are selected for life, their philosophy will not be inclined via the president who appoints them or the senators whose permission the president will take.

All the arguments were generated due to his past life as he was in an aristocratic fami...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Coal Mining in America and Environmental Issues

The industrial sector with industries like Petroleum Refining, Steel Manufacturing, Aluminum Manufacturing, Paper Manufacturing, Chemical and Cement Manufacturing is found to consume about 31 per cent of the total energy resources of the country.  The transportation sector in the United States of America accounts for 27 per cent of the total energy consumption. (Energy Consumption, N.D.) The energy policy of United States of America needs to be properly designed keeping in mind factors like economic, political, environmental, military and foreign policy in order to sustain its position as regards to the growing energy demand which can result in a crisis. In this context, it needs to be mentioned that the United States is the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

The Pollution from Mining

... OF The Pollution from Mining and Managing the Waste is an Unsustainable Without Innovative Solutions. A brilliant, thought provoking and deeply profound article regarding coal mining in Mentougou district of Beijing, China, should lead any objective scientist to conclude that mining operations and managing the waste generated is an unsustainable activity going forward, unless innovative approach and models can be developed. According to Li et al (2011), Mentougou is a mountainous region in Beijing China which covers approximately 1453 Km, has a population of 236,000 people in 2006, an annual rainfall of 563mm, and has been mined for coal for over fifty years (Li, et al, 2011). The coal mining and the waste generated...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

What Is The Current Position of Biofuels In Europe

...What Is The Position of Biofuels In Europe Currently? Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Introduction 3 The Reason for Development of Biofuel in Europe 3 Second Generation of Biofuels & its Benefits to Europe 4 Usefulness of Biotechnology as an Essential Technology to Produce Biofuel 6 Assessment of the Current Position of Biofuels in Europe 7 Conclusion 9 References 10 Bibliography 11 Introduction The requirement of biofuels has been witnessing an increase owing to its use with regard to the transport segment as a reaction to the issue of energy security as well as concerns regarding climate alterations. The rising consciousness with regard to the environmental problems have augmented the degree of emphasis on the production...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Air Pollution: The Effects of Coal Used in Chinese Environment

...Air Pollution: The Effects of Coal Used in Chinese Environment Introduction China is one of the largest nations by landmass, population, and income.With its rapid economic development and participation in the global economy, China also confronts one of the most demanding issues today, environmental problems. Specifically, the most prevalent environmental problem in China is air pollution because of the increasing amount of CO2 emissions due to automobile and coal use. Although coal power and automobile industries influence the economic development of China, those industries also cause air pollution that may hinder further development. Primarily, this paper suggests that production and consumption of low quality coal in China is the primary...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Working Landscapes: Mining, Forestry, Farming

... on the planet. The conservation of the environment should not be left alone to some people, but all people should work collaboratively to ensure that proper use of the natural resources are exercised. This paper will provide the definition of working landscapes, the components of landscapes and how they should be properly used. The paper covers issues in forests, mining and farming. Finally, the paper will conclude with a summarization of the main points covered in the whole paper. Working Landscape A working landscape refers to the use of land for the sole purpose of producing the needed goods. It is therefore necessary to plan for all reasonable land uses is all the communities. The main goal of working landscapes is to foster...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

What Is My Position on Drug Testing Welfare Recipients to Receive Their Benefits

...What is my position on drug testing welfare recipients to receive their benefits? To Pee or not to Pee, That is the Question? My position on whetherwelfare recipients should be drug tested to receive their benefits is that I am for drug testing under the right circumstances but with the given evidence, it is just not financially responsible to do so. I came to this conclusion during my research by reading reports in journals, case studies, online articles, and a face to face interview with Dr. Rhodes, a biology professor with J. Sargent Reynolds community college. The reason I find this research important is that I see this topic discussed in the news, classroom, social media sites, and even in everyday conversation. Also this topic...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

The Position of Women in Islam

...Status of Women under Islam by Introduction Muslim society is traditionally critiqued for the position of women in Islam. Islamic religious law, Sharia, presupposes differences between men and women rights and obligations. The differences can be seen in the questions of marriage, divorce, education, law, and clothes. Western society considers any limitation and restrictions to be blameworthy. However, it is impossible not to take in the account the fact that men and women are not the same, and treating them in similar way is illogical. Men and women want different things in life and are destined for different things in life. Thus, basing on the long-term observation of men and women nature Islam offers a separate way of treating women...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Paper Cups versus Foam Cups

... of 10,000 paper cups (Gehrman, April 02, 2014). Water used in the manufacture of paper cups is almost twice the amount of water utilized in the manufacture of foam cups. Water used is less in foam cups compared to paper cups showing a high carbon footprint in the use of paper cups. The manufacturing process of 10,000 foam cups requires 5.4 million BTUs equivalent to burning coal amounting to 450 pounds compared to 542 pounds of coal that go into the production of 10,000 paper cups (Gehrman, April 02, 2014). This depiction on the amount of energy that goes in the production of a similar amount of paper and foam cups show that paper cups have more carbon footprint than foam cups. Manufacture of paper cups requires double the amount used...
15 Pages(3750 words)Term Paper

Sustainable Use and Development of Coal in Russia

...Sustainable Use and Development of Coal in Russia. coal in the world, and its coal reserves are the second largest in the world, after the United States. Coal power accounts for approximately 14% of Russia’s aggregate energy consumption (Lawson and Miller, 2002). Coal in Russia is majorly mined by open-pit mining since this extraction method provides for relatively high outputs and low production cost. However, this has negatively impacted the environment particularly due to air pollution and land disturbance. The purpose of this paper is to provide an in-depth review on the coal industry and the pollution situation in Russia. The paper will also propose...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Position Paper on Mountaintop Coal Mining in Appalachia for FREE!

Contact Us