Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Wicked Environmental Problems - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document

The Negative Impacts of Hydro-Fracking
Hydro-fracking, also referred to as hydraulic fracturing, is the process of using many gallons of water mixed with sand and many chemicals to fracture shale rock, which is found many feet below the surface of the earth. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER99% of users find it useful
Wicked Environmental Problems
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Wicked Environmental Problems"

Download file to see previous pages This mixture of water, sand, and chemicals will hold the fractures open and let the gas trapped inside seep back through the drilled holes to the surface. This process has the problem of the quantity of water and chemicals used. The process has its benefits in the clean fuel and economic growth. This paper will explain the negative impacts of the process and why the negative impacts are difficult to manage. Negative Environmental Impact Drilling in Allegany county of Marcellus Shale seems like a brilliant idea and an excellent opportunity that many people seek to explore. There are many flaws, however, associated with this renowned energy source. This paper only discusses the proven and documented problems. First, the focus is on the many gallons of water that will be utilized in the process. In the drilling process, to retrieve the gas, approximately four million gallons of water are required (Campbell and Laherrere 79). This water is harnessed form the nearby rivers and streams and is used until the whole process is completed. Some may say that this volume of water is insignificant compared to the average water from the municipal council that is used on a daily basis (Campbell and Laherrere 83). The water from the municipal council is used in homes and institutions, whereas the water used in the drilling process is said to be a consumptive water loss; this water does not return to the water cycle, and most of it remains deep in the ground for many years. Regulation measures should be provided to ensure that the demand for water is not as high as to debilitate the local waterways (Olsthoorn and Anna 23). Water is just one of the many ingredients of the drilling process. The second alarming concern lies in the many chemicals that are used for the effective retrieval of the gas and to hold open the cracks in the earth. These chemicals include benzene, kerosene, hydraulic acid neurotoxins, and many other dangerous chemicals (Harvey 90). For each drilling process, more than 15,000 gallons of these harmful chemicals are used. The chemicals are transported via large trucks to the drilling site where they are mixed with water. The procedure of mixing the two is risky – if a spill occurs even in small scale, the great concentration of the chemicals will have many devastating effects on human health and the environment. Small scale spills are a common occurrence and collectively these small spills have a large cumulative impact (Harvey 96). Handling and treatment of the waste water that is generated is the other problem that is associated with the drilling process. The current municipal water treatment facilities are not equipped to handle the chemicals (Marion 44). Proper treatment of the waste water is an expensive process, and, in most cases, the water is left to sit in man-made ponds, which pose significant threat to the human population in the area due to potential leaks and the wild animals that may wander into the exposed chemical ponds. Such infractions have been witnessed in the drilling processes in Pennsylvania (Marion 28). Environmentalists have claimed that the process of hydro-fracking is an extremely detrimental to the water supply and natural habitat. The process has become controversial and has received a lot of debate in the recent years (Cunningham and Mary 34). A significant amount of forestland loss and surface damage should be available for an area to undergo the process of hydro-fracking. The effect is elevated when there are multiple drill sits and an increased number of access roads. The environmentalists have argued that the process causes earthquakes and many explosions above the ground and is responsible for draining stream water, which is a precious resource in many places (Cunningham and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Wicked Environmental Problems Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Wicked Environmental Problems Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from
(Wicked Environmental Problems Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Wicked Environmental Problems Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words.
“Wicked Environmental Problems Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Wicked Environmental Problems

Prescription Drug Abuse - Problems and Solutions

On the one side is to need to make available drugs of varying nature to the patients, who require is, and on the other is the exercise of control measures to ensure that these patients do not abuse these drugs, or make it available to others for drug abuse. In a sense, physicians may well claim that their role in controlling or preventing drug abuse is limited to their exercising restraint in the prescribing the drugs. It is the pharmacists that need to ensure that these prescriptions are not abused. This argument of medical professionals only restates the importance of pharmacists in the control and prevention of prescription drug abuse.

Wesson and Smith (1990), define prescription drug abuse as “a nebulous const...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Environmental Law: Environmental Pollution in the UK

In accordance with the above, the role of lobbyists and special interest groups for the development of legislation in the specific On the 29th of June, 2008, I chanced upon the newspaper Farmers Guardian article Water strategy targets farm pollution to secure water supply, in the February 15, 2008, issue at Pg. 4. It details the pollution caused to water in the UK due to agriculture and the measures taken by the government to contain it.

The next day, that is on the 30th of June, 2008, I scoured the UK Water Pollution and Trade webpage, whose URL is and found information regarding the enormous problems being faced by trade and the environment in the UK, due to water pollution.
14 Pages(3500 words)Research Paper

The Problems and the Management at Classic Airlines

The issues discussed in Table 1, are framed in accordance with the situations discussed in the case of Classic Airlines. The organization is facing problems on account of steadily declining share prices as well as a simultaneous increase in the fuel prices and labor costs. This is a serious issue faced by management. Also the customer satisfaction is on a decline leading to further complications in the given scenario. The management is now faced with a dilemma of resorting to cost-cutting and has contemplated the implementation of automated customer care systems but the customers have expressed desire of availing the facility of being able to talk to a real person instead. This is further adding to the management’s troubles....
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Ryanairs Staff Treatment and Motivation Problems

To prove that not all of the public accusations against the way Ryanair handles its employees is true; a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods will be utilized using research survey questionnaires. Aiming to strengthen the research survey results, an interview with Ryanair’s human resource assistant manager, customer service supervisor, duty manager, and duty controller was conducted to enable the researcher to gain a better insight with regards to employees’ views on labor unions and the type of motivational strategies used by the company.
Ryanair is an Irish low-cost airline with its head office in Dublin and its main operational base at London Stansted Airport. It is Europes major low-cos...
43 Pages(10750 words)Dissertation

Problems of Human Activities

...Biology Order No. 245354 No. of pages: 6 Premium 6530 Rapid Decline in Population: The decline in population brings about a wide range ofproblems which causes great apprehension among the people of that country. One of the primary concerns is that there won’t be enough number of people in the workforce who will be able to support the elderly and aged people. Even though smaller populations are advantageous to the environment they should be maintained at such levels so that the fertility rate does not come down. . A declining population also causes problems in society as it is always accompanied by an ageing population. The effect of baby-busters is being felt by the Americans. They are an important consumer group but they are also...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Environmental of Consequences of Offshore Drilling

The risks notwithstanding, it is seen that the world needs to reconcile itself to the fact that either new alternative energy sources need to be functionalized, or the demand-supply imbalances need to be redressed through fresh sources. It is common knowledge that most developed countries, including the USA, UK, have supply deficits that seriously endanger their own economies, and through the price mechanism, cause an escalation in oil prices in the international markets. But what solutions need to be developed to contain this problem on a long term basis is a matter of political sagacity and foresight, and a judicious blend of use and conservation based on the principle that oil is not going to last forever.
Oil drilling cou...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Internal and External Environmental Analysis for the Bakery Business

Liberalization of foreign investment and technology policy of the government is supportive of establishing industrial units in the country.

Threat: The UK food regulatory authority is planning to enforce the EC Regulations relating to food labeling. The labeling requirements under the new regulations will affect the food industry as the suppliers will be legally obliged to disclose the GM content of foods to the caterers. Thus business firms in the bakery industry also will be effected through the exclusion of flexible manner of labeling arrangements in the case of flour confectionery involving GM Soya or maize. (Genetically modified and novel foods (labeling) (England) regulations, 2000).

Trend: The new subs...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

U.S. Environmental Protection

Recycling is one of the proposed methods to counteract pollution and danger being posted by the accumulation of wastes in the environment. Although this is the case, there are benefits and drawbacks in the said process. Included in the benefits are reduction of different types of wastes gas emissions (e.g. green gases) and water wastes; reduction of the discarded materials due to the manufacture of new materials; and the production of materials from used products. As a result, jobs are also created thus contributing to the economy (“Benefits and Drawbacks of Recycling” Think Quest).

In terms of the drawbacks, one of the main issues is the needed resources and expenses which continuously increase due to the i...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Identification of problems in the Criminal Justice System of the US

They are on trial and will be dealt with fairly. These laws ensure that no one, even if he or she has committed a crime is abused or punished cruelly.
Following the history of civilization like in china, we see the traces of systems for Criminal justice in order to provide safety for the citizens. Evolving through the years laws have been modified and changed to form the system that we know today.
 From its start, the “U.S. criminal justice system” has advocated the idea of “checks and balances”. To avoid dictatorial rule, the people who founded this system in such a way that one person was not given control or authority completely to punish the criminals. The idea of assigning a ‘jury...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

People in Society and Their Problems

Coming to question 4, the average answer from participants is 2.7, which means that they are leaning more towards agreeing that marriage is important for a strong and enduring relationship. 53.4% of males agree with the fact that marriage is important for a strong and enduring relationship while 66.1% of females agree with this question.
Beginning with question 5, 5% of males agree on this question. On the other hand, 50% of women agree. This, therefore, means that more women (45% more) agree on this question compared to men. It may also be a pointer to the sensitive and caring nature of women since more of them believe that they are responsible for their spouses even up to the point of making decisions for them. Question 6 a...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Wicked Environmental Problems for FREE!

Contact Us