StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

The Berlin Conference of 1884 and Africa - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Abstract The Berlin conference in 1884-85 was entirely committed to the partitioning of African continent among the European powers. Historians aptly refer the conference as “the scramble for Africa” because it entailed the geographical division of the “dark continent” that had suddenly generated interest in the rapidly industrializing Europe (Pakenham, 1992 p 52)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.9% of users find it useful
The Berlin Conference of 1884 and Africa
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Berlin Conference of 1884 and Africa"

Download file to see previous pages The continent was relatively isolated from the rest of the world especially the western countries but historians have recorded early trade in Africa. Trans-Saharan trade is one of the earliest recorded commerce, carried out in Africa between eighth and 16th century (Wright, 2007). According to Wright (2007), Trans -Saharan trade was concentrated in the northern Africa and it involved countries around the Mediterranean Sea and West Africa. The trade route crossed the Saharan desert and the caravans travelled for long distances to obtain goods in various regions covered in the larger frontier. The Arabs dominated the trade and it mainly involved precious metals such as gold that was mined in West African region, ivory, salt and agricultural products. In addition, slave trade was an important component of Trans- Saharan trade, and African servants were transported to the north to work as soldiers and domestic workers (Wright, 2007 pp76-81). Conditions Leading to the Berlin Conference The rich gold deposits and success of the Trans-Saharan trade attracted the attention of Europeans and in the 15th century, Portuguese traders opened new trade routes along the West African coast that had rich gold deposits (Wright, 2007 p 137). ...
In the mid 1870, Henry Morton successfully completed the Congo River basin expedition that had remained the last unchartered frontier in Africa (Emerson, 1979). Henry Morton was later appointed by King Leopold II of Belgium as an envoy to Congo that eventually became Congo Free State, a Belgian colony (Emerson, 1979 p69). In central Africa, France moved to the western part of the Congo basin and established Brazzaville in 1881. Great Britain conquered and occupied the Ottoman Empire in Egypt that ruled Sudan and the Somaliland. Germany declared territorial ownership of Namibia, Cameroon, and Togo while Italy claimed Eritrea in the horn of Africa in 1882 (Koponen, 1993 p124). The scramble for more African colonies generated intense competition among the European powers leading to violent conflicts and the need to have a more organized criterion for partitioning Africa became apparent. Germany had become an influential European power and other countries, including France and Britain were aggressively seeking new colonies to assert their power in Europe. In view of the emerging power changes in Europe, Germany was determined to maintain its leading influence in Europe. Therefore, it was important to formulate a reasonable formula of partitioning African continent among the competing European powers to avoid the risk of conflict that would threaten Germany influence in Europe and the globe (Koponen, 1993, pp 129-133). The Berlin Conference At the request of Portugal, the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck invited leaders of fourteen European countries with territorial interests in Africa, and the United States for a conference in Berlin in 1884 (Collins, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The Berlin Conference of 1884 and Africa Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/geography/1432960-the-berlin-conference-of
(The Berlin Conference of 1884 and Africa Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/geography/1432960-the-berlin-conference-of.
“The Berlin Conference of 1884 and Africa Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/geography/1432960-the-berlin-conference-of.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Berlin Conference of 1884 and Africa

AIDS in Africa: Social and Economic Effects

...AIDS in Africa - Social and Economic Effects Poverty throughout the world is a major issue, one that needs to be addressed by the people present at the helm of affairs and those who can bring about a change in the living standards of the poor folks. Natural calamities and disasters do happen from time to time and it is only usual that companies and industries of sheer huge size and growth levels invest in purchasing materials that are equivalent to their budgets. They all play some part in getting notified of these recurring disasters which are not dependent on anything except God and nature. These happen from time to time and thus cannot be forecasted beforehand. However they can be controlled to quite a fair extent if proper disaster...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Primary Health Care in South Africa

...PRIMARY HEALTH CARE IN SOUTH AFRICA Contents Introduction………………………………………………………………………..2 2. Demographic and Epidemiological Profile………………………………………..3 3. Comparison of illness patterns with developed economies……………………….5 4. Relationship between development and health……………………………….......6 5. Conclusion………………………………………………………………………...7 References…………………………………………………………………………8 1. Introduction The achievements in terms of primary health care in South Africa, in spite of several efforts in the past, still remains largely fragmented. There have been several persistent attempts including those at local as well as international levels, to revive the health care services in the country, but the impact of such efforts has been limited and the country...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Constraints of Small Business Development in South Africa

...Constraints of Small Business Development in South Africa Table of Contents Introduction 2. Definition of Small Business 3. Overview of the Small Business Context 4. Constraining Issues 4.1 The lack of effective support by the government 4.2 Social environment 4.3 Discrimination 4.4 Marketing 4.5 Ineffective HR policies 5. Recommendations 6. Conclusion References 1. Introduction The increase of competition in all industries worldwide has caused a series of alterations in existing business policies; firms of all sizes update their plans and proceed to the development of strategic alliances in order to face their competitors. The potentials of firms to stabilize their position in a particular market seems to be directly related...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Out of Africa, Biological Adam and Eve

...Out of Africa, Biological Adam and Eve enter the Number or College 21st March, Part Introduction Human beings have always thought about where they come from. The existence of human race and its evolution have always been something of human interest. Many researchers have tried to prove their point of view as correct and logical but there are still some mysteries unsolved – some questions unanswered. As we grow in years, we hear about the stories of Adam and Eve in our schools and in religious sermons. All that we know about Adam and Eve is that they were the first human beings on earth. They were banished from heaven and sent to earth as punishment. Human brain inquires many questions over this small statement. Is this a true tale? Were...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Apples Africa Strategy

...Apple’s Africa Strategy Introduction Over the past few decades the landscape underlying the economic scenario in a major portion of Sub-Saharan Africa has undergone a fundamental change. A significant area of the African continent has exhibited economic growth in an uninterrupted manner for the first time in the modern history of the continent. Hence Africa is gradually coming out of its image of being an economically unviable continent and is getting acclaimed for the diverse opportunities hidden within the economic layers of its different countries. in this paper we shall study the activities of Apple Inc in the African countries. Company background The Apple Computer, Inc., was established on April 1, 1977 in California. The company...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Hunger in Africa: Causes and Effects

...Hunger in Africa: Causes and Effects Introduction Africa is the second largest continent around the world with a huge number of populations. Most of the countries in Africa belong to the third world which made continent vulnerable to hunger and malnutrition. For over sixty years, the entire continent had been suffering from great famine and malnutrition which further lead to death among a number of individuals including poor innocent children. Parents are having a hard time giving their children sufficient and nutritious food to eat every day mainly because of poverty, poor and inadequate rainfall to water their plants and crops and high food prices (“We can be Heroes”). Most of the countries which are intensely affected by the hunger...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

A Memorable Visit to Africa

... A Memorable Visit to Africa Hard work has been appreciated as a critical component of human lives. However, even humans need time to rest and have their minds free of any engagements including academics. My best friend Abdool knows this so well and creates time to relax and reflect back on his achievements. Some time back when he cleared his high school education, Abdool sought to find a refreshing place where he would unwind and just relax. “I have put so much effort in my high school education and having graduated, I need time to relax and reflect on my past before moving forward,” Abdool said. Being a person who loves travelling, Abdool chose to spend about a week in the African jungles. As learnt from the experience he shared with me...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Analysis of 28 Stories of AIDS in Africa by Stephanie Nolen

... 28 Stories of AIDS in Africa This is a non-fiction book written by Stephanie Nolen, a Canadian and a representative of Globe and mail Africa bureau in 2007. The book uses 28 Africans who have or have been affected by HIV/AIDS. By 2007, 28 million Africans had HIV/AIDS as reported by UNAIDS, which is why Nolen used the figure 28 to represent the whole lot, one person for every million infected. She spent relatively long time almost six years reporting on the effects of the disease, travelled all over the continent collecting stories of men, women and children fighting day in day out with the effects or with the disease itself which has greatly affected the African economic progress. She even went into an extent of witnessing the stories...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Social Media Growth and Politics in East Africa

Users can connect with people all over the world with diverse cultures and traditions. Through these platforms, users can share information, pictures, and ideas (Bryfonski, 2012). Lately, there has been a rapid pace in internet penetration in African countries. It has made it possible for the growing social media in recent years on the continent.
In Ethiopia, there is quite a low internet penetration as compared to other countries in East Africa like Kenya. Consequently, not many people have access to social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter. The Ethiopian constitution guarantees the press its freedom. However, mass media, mainly the radio and television, are controlled by the government. In recent years, the gove...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Religion and Social Change in West Africa

In terms of productivity, companies and writers use technology as a means of ensuring that written content can be accessed by different levels of customers requiring different formats.
Social change refers to changes in the way individuals in a community interact with their immediate environment and factors that challenge their being. In this sense, social change takes into account the manner in which people co-exist with one another taking into consideration factors that shape how these individuals survive within the society. For instance, the 21st century has invited social change that is driven by a number of factors among them new education systems, the use of virtual intelligence for surveillance reasons, organized gove...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic The Berlin Conference of 1884 and Africa for FREE!

Contact Us