Coal to Liquid Technology - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Coal is a resource that is both cheap and plentiful. However, there have been concerns related to it effects on the environment. These concerns aside, the demand for energy is increasing everyday and some countries either do not produce oil or do not produce it in sufficient quantities…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.7% of users find it useful
Coal to Liquid Technology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Coal to Liquid Technology"

Download file to see previous pages Although, renewable energy is an alternative it takes time and additional resources. Some countries are very poor but have coal in abundance. It therefore means that clean technology has to be found to produce energy from coal. Several methods of transforming coal to liquid are available. Some of these are low yield in comparison to others that have yields of up to 70%. The task is to ensure that the level of greenhouse gas emissions is kept low in order to save the environment for the next generation. 2.0 Coal consumption and reserve of the world and the US According to the EIA (2012) the total coal consumption of the world for the year ended December 2010 was 7,994,703 million short tons. EIA (2012) also provides data for the year ended December 31, 2008 which indicates that the amount of coal reserves in the world was 948,000 million short tons. The tables labeled Table 1 shows comparative figures for coal consumption for those years and four (4) years prior to those years. Table 2 shows figures for coal reserves for 2008. Consumption of Coal Description 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 World NA 7,994,703 7,318,283 7,327,554 7,014,934 USA 1,003,066 1,048,295 997,478 1,120,548 1,127,998 US as a percentage of the world 13.11% 13.63% 15.29% 16.07% Table 1: Coal Consumption USA and the World (source U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)) The table indicates that USA alone accounted for approximately 14.33% of the world’s coal consumption between 2007 and 2010. In 2007 the US accounted for 16%. Although the world’s consumption of coal increased in 2008, coal consumption in the US declined by a small margin. Both world consumption and US consumption declined in 2009. However, while the world consumption declined by negligible amounts (9,271 million short tons) the US consumption declined by approximately 11% (123,070 million short tons). In 2010 the US consumption increased by approximately 6% while world consumption increased by approximately 9%. The US accounted for 13% of the world’s consumption in 2010. Coal Reserves 2008 Description 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 World 948,000 USA 260,551 Table 2: Coal Reserves USA and the World – Source U.S. Energy Information Administration The table shows that in 2008 the US held 27% of the world’s coal reserves. This is a very high percentage and indicates how beneficial coal would be if a way is found to reduce its effect on the environment. 3.0 Arguments against the use of coal Many arguments have being put forward against the use of coal. They include: i. Health and safety hazard ii. Large quantities of water are used in coal mining iii. High levels of pollution (Hansen 2009) iv. Destruction of mountains v. Accidents caused from coal mining 3.1 Health and safety hazard Coal is hazardous to the health and safety of all who come in contact with it, especially coal miners. The Center for Disease Control (2012) indicates that between 1998 and 2007, 8,111 persons died from Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis. Most of them were male (8,010), white (7,865) and age 65 years and over (7379). Although the death rate has been declining, it is still cause for concern. A number of accidents have also resulted from inadequate safety measures as miners are left to risk their lives at some mining operations. In fact, in an article entitled Justice for Upper Big Branch, The New York Times (NYT) (2012) indicates that 29 miners died from an explosion at a mine in West Virginia.. In relation to this case a United States attorney filed fraud charges against a Superintendent of the Massey operated Upper Big Branch Mine in West Virginia of plotting to conceal hazards, doctor’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Coal to Liquid Technology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Coal to Liquid Technology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words. Retrieved from
(Coal to Liquid Technology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
Coal to Liquid Technology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words.
“Coal to Liquid Technology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
lueortiz added comment 1 year ago
Student rated this paper as
This essay saved me today. I liked the structure. It was very useful for my geography course.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Coal to Liquid Technology

Liquid Gated Biosensor

...? Liquid gated biosensor using reduced graphene oxide and silicon dioxide substrate as a detection platform for cytochrome c (protein) using the liquid gated method Name: Name: Tutor: Date: Objectives 2 The main objective of the study include; 3 Characteristics required in a biosensor 4 Biosensors are used in food analysis 4 Carbon based biosensor 5 Electrochemical biosensors 6 Surface Plasmon resonance biosensor 7 Surface acoustic wave-based sensors 9 Graphene 9 Reduced grapheme oxides 10 Cytochrome c 10 Binding mechanism for reduced graphene oxide and cytochrome c applied 12 1-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide 12 Structures and stages of EDC 12 Liquid gate modulated...
20 Pages(5000 words)Research Paper

Negative Impacts of Coal and Clean Coal Technology

...on continuous basis in addition to the reduced effects of contaminated gasses. It has become an important part of the industries operating in today’s world as it has increased the efficiency level of power production. The polutants have a reduced level of carbon which can be futher purified with the CSS technology. By the use of Cean Coal Technology, coal can be easily converted into liquid or gas for better and cleaner burning. It is a cost effective way of producing energy and requires very little investment at the initial stage. The existing coal reserves can be used for longer period of time as CCL puts all the carbon underground...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

All about Coal

...(Undiscovered Scotland, 2011). The reason for the gathering of coal was primarily for household uses, namely heat. It was later discovered that it played an important role with its heating capabilities in smelting, alloy production and the generation of electricity. Sir George Bruce created a loading island where he sank a shaft connected to two others for drainage purposes and ventilation. This form of technology was extraordinary in coal mining during medieval times, often considered an industrial wonder of the time. In the 17th century many advances in the techniques used for mining were discovered, including test boring and drainage of the collieries, to allow the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

How coal is fromed

...?Coal is one of the most ancient known sources of energy in the world. It is been used almost since the beginning of the humanity. For centuries it has been vital for the mankind to sustain heat in dwellings as well as being used for cooking, making clay pots and much more. Later, with the industry development, besides being a source of energy and fuel, the coal became a vital element in steel and cement production, production of benzol, methane, tar, coke and more. Coal is one most important and used source of the energy in the world. It has been used to produce almost 40% of electricity worldwide, with some countries using it much more extensively for that purpose: produce of...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Uses of coal

.... Did you know that washing up liquid comes from coal, as is the washing powder that goes in the washing machine? The shampoo you use to wash your hair, and the conditioner you may use to make it shiny and smooth are all made from coal or oil, as is the ink computer printers. (Durham Miners) Other important users of coal include alumina refineries, paper manufacturers, and the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Several chemical products can be produced from the by-products of coal. Refined coal tar is used in the manufacture of chemicals, such as creosote oil, naphthalene, phenol, and benzene. Ammonia gas recovered from coke ovens is...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining the aquatic life, but also to the surrounding wildlife and human population (Perks 3). EPA estimates that over 60% of the streams located in the Central Appalachian region are compromised by the hazardous amount of toxic chemicals and heavy metals. A study done by the EPA has found levels of magnesium, calcium, manganese, dissolved solids and water hardness have increased significantly, thus greatly compromising the quality of the water to any life form around the area (Perks 3). Apart from the solid waste that create valley fills, the liquid waste that is created by water that is used to wash the coal for impurities so that it can be ready for the market. The liquid waste is a...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Toxic Liquid Waste Incinerator

...Toxic Liquid Waste Incinerator Incinerators burn waste, thereby destroying some waste materials and reducing the volume of others. Although manydifferent incineration technologies exist, nearly all incineration facilities share some common input and output streams. The primary inputs at most incineration facilities are the wastes to be treated, along with air and additional fuel to support combustion. Incineration occurs within combustion chambers, which destroys most organic material in waste, but in the process generates two general types of output streams: Air emissions and the residuals. Stack air emissions are gaseous, vapor, and particle-bound by-products of combustion. Facilities also have fugitive...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Liquid Gold

...processing waste, and chemicals from hazardous waste sites. Globally, about 2.5 billion people drink contaminated water, which can be harmful to their health. In San Francisco, the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are a group of chemicals that occur naturally in crude oil, coal and gasoline, and enter the environment from incomplete burning of oil, wood, garbage or coal, where they can persist for months of years. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons have been found to cause cancer and adverse reproductive and developmental effects (The Bay Institute). The effects of pollution of water are varied. Pollution of the water sources affects the organisms that reside in these aquatic environments as well as the...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Liquid limit

...Atterberg Limit Tests – Liquid and Plastic Limits Purpose: The major purpose of this experiment is to determine the plastic and liquid limits, in addition to the plasticity index of a fine-grained soil. The process involved towards achievement of the purpose made use of the amount of soil water as a core aspect. In which case, Liquid Limit (LL) refers to the water content at the division between the liquid and plastic state while the plastic limit is the water content at the part between plastic and semisolid state (Cripps et al, 2006, 228). For plasticity index, it is defined as the numerical difference established between the plastic limit (PL) and...
3 Pages(750 words)Lab Report

Coal Mining in America and Environmental Issues

...normal potential. Underground mining techniques result in the flow of soluble materials like sulfates, carbonates and bicarbonates polluting the natural water resources. The Acid Mine drainage results in the mixture of Pyrite with water and air resulting in the formation of sulfuric acid and iron. (Keating, 2001, pp. 1-2). The powerhouses have taken resort to Fluidized Bed Combustion technique to get rid of coal pollution. In Fluidized Bed Combustion a packed bed of coal fragments and other small particles is subjected to a heavy gas flow, which absorbs the contaminated gases emitted during combustion. (Technology Status Report, 2000) Oil and Natural Gas Resources and Environmental...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Coal to Liquid Technology for FREE!

Contact Us