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These include the mesosystem, exosystem, chronosytem, microsystem, and the macrosystem (White, Livesey, & Hayes, 2012, p.16). This paper will give a limelight on the theory, including the five layers and also develop a marriage related genogram to detail more on family development.
The ecological systems theory is important and was proposed by Bronfenbrenner in an attempt to move away from the conventional focus that perceived the immediate environment of an individual to be more important than the relationships. He also wanted to focus on the development process and not necessarily concentrate on the isolated variables at a particular period of time. Most of the models place more emphasis on nurture versus nature in the development of people. Nevertheless, the ecological systems theory looks closely at the person’s environment in terms of context and quality. In his theory, Bronfenbrenner theorized five major environmental related factors that tend to impact development and growth in a person. They include the exosystem, mesosystem, microsystem, and the chronosystem (White, Livesey, & Hayes, 2012, p.16)
The microsystem is the layer that is in close and direct contact with a child. It encompasses close ties within the family and the interactions that a child has with their family, school, neighbors, or hospital among others. Therefore, the theory claims that people are not merely recipients of the main occurrences or experiences that they get when socializing with people in the micro-system level or environment. However, they play a major role in contributing to the development and the construction of such an environment. This means that parents tend to influence the beliefs of their children and vice versa. Under this level, an individual is an active participant and is influenced by his or her immediate environment. Various scholars have been applying the microenvironment concept to comprehend the development of a
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One of the most prominent areas of investigation in terms of feminist and psychological theory are gender roles. There are a variety of ramifications gender roles hold for individuals including occupational roles, sexual relations, and even the very construction of personality.
The evidence of human biology shows, however, that some babies are born with indeterminate sexual organs and chromosomes, and the newer science of sociology has demonstrated that gender roles are learned, so that it is more accurate to think of people as being on a spectrum of male and female, and of gay and straight, gay and straight, rather than being in an absolute category of one or the other.
Although modern cultures have worked towards making life as a woman an equal state, addressed issues that concern sexual preferences, and has tried to build a world in which everyone has an equal opportunity with no deference to gender, the differentiation between the idea of sex and the idea of gender has created a discourse that is confusing and complicated.
Socialization is a broad term and encompasses all the efforts undertaken by the members of a society to ensure that its inhabitants occupy gender appropriate roles from a very early age. A gender role is defined as the cultural expectations regarding what is perceived as gender appropriate behavior.
The social networking sites like Facebook and MySpace are popular online venues for interactions and expressions. The extensive use of internet by the people of different genders, race and community, has brought a completely new method of self presentation on these social network sites.
Various media groups have reproduced self-opinionated references to gender identity. They have altered how individuals and groups pick out and present themselves. This happens because gender is context specific. This research paper would analyze that culture is a social assemble, fundamentally linked to the vicissitudes of the social and that gender, race class, sexuality, and other dimensions in the social life get reconstruction socially by media representation.
It generally made people value individual revelations. Yet, a gender revelation seems the most painful for society who historically determined only two possible social genders: male or female. While some modern families, like the Witterik and