The writer of this paper examines a book "Adam, Eve, and the Serpent" written by Elaine Pagels.The book is a historical recount of Roman, Jewish, and Christian traditions that relate to women and the approach to sexuality…
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The transgressions of sexual behavior have been attributed to Eve and have resulted in the subjugation of women for 2,000 years. The story of the Garden of Eden has been characterized by sexual overtones and depicts sex as sinful. Yet, it has forever been the greater sin for the woman. Eve was the temptation that Adam succumbed to. Paul writes in Corinthians that, "Let those who have wives live as though they had none" (17). Paul preaches that marriage and therefore women are a necessary evil. According to the original scriptures as taught by Paul and later Augustine, woman's only purpose is procreation. Laws were written and the foundation of the church was based on this institutional bias against women.The monopoly on morality has been used by individuals as well as the church to maintain power. Augustine declares that Adam's sin, the sin of the carnal knowledge of Eve, transformed the "structure of the universe itself". The eventual result was the punishment of death. To validate its authority the Catholic Church adopted Augustine's belief that "death comes to us by will, not by necessity" (145). The continued belief that sex equates to sin, and henceforth death, has been handed down and promotes the church as the only moral authority and our only hope for salvation.Elaine Pagel's book, Adam, Eve, and the Serpent, is a straightforward explanation for the bias we see in our laws and prejudices towards women. It helps to explain why a woman's sexuality may be condemned.
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That theory is essentially applied to the role of women in the society and family (Tijani 5). The interest was then revived in the 1960s together with other movements like the gay movement. Marxist feminism differs from other types of feminism as it focuses on the materialism as a way to explain gender roles and pertains to capitalism.
This causes economic imbalances and leads to the dependence of the economically strapped and financially handicapped classes (especially working women) on the more elite and well to do societies. Thus Marxist feminism attempts to bring down the Capitalist framework and introduce a socially, economically and culturally balanced society in the best interests of women.
However, Zohrab (6) provides a definition of feminism that is seen to be widely acceptable as it essentially encompasses all the various different definitions of the term. According to Zohrab, feminism can be defined as being the application of the victims of oppression model to various different situations that are faced by women in the modern society today.
This is a theory with the idea that the destiny of human beings will be settled in a grapple between two economic classes namely the owners and laborers or oppressors and the oppressed. This paper aims at conducting a critical applying the ideological and theoretical assertions in this book.
"Oppres'd with two weak evils, age and hunger" was Shakespeare's formulation of the more hostile effects of nature on humans (As You Like It, act 2, scene 7, line 132). Studies in the area of natural sciences successfully analyze the whole kaleidoscope of these effects.
Why is oppression unstoppable in this society Is oppression necessary for the survival of a group of people Can an individual oppress another individual Such are questions that must be addressed if only to realize and understand what oppression had done to many people in the past what it is doing to the present times and what it can do to the future society.
efore, feminist therapists focus on understanding the social and cultural setups in which an individual lives in order to understand his or her problems. Feminist therapy emerged after an evident dissatisfaction with the traditional therapies that did not give regard to the
Archaeological evidence supports various forms of advertisement such as the use of barkers in Babylon and billboards in Pompeii. As trade developed, it spread to Europe, making it the first region to experience industrialization.
The emergence of lithography in the second
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