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Exploring the parenting experiences of working class/ non-residential African-Caribbean fathers in Britain - Literature review Example

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Exploring the Parenting Experiences of Working class and Non-Residential African-Caribbean Fathers in Britain. Literature Review Introduction A lot of social and policy changes have occurred the previous decades that spell the development and transition of roles of men and women in the family that essentially influences United Kingdom residents…
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Exploring the parenting experiences of working class/ non-residential African-Caribbean fathers in Britain
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"Exploring the parenting experiences of working class/ non-residential African-Caribbean fathers in Britain"

Download file to see previous pages In addition, trend on women outnumbering men not only in school graduation participation and results, but also in further education and training (FI, 2011) continue to rise. An increase in care-taking by fathers in two parent families also parallel fathers who are co-resident with other men’s children. Hunt and Roberts (2004) also saw that rates of involvement by non-resident fathers have increased (Hunt & Roberts, 2004) while some non-resident fathers remain very involved with their children. However, non-residence was main reason for the low levels of involvement by fathers. However, it has been noted that some fathers who want to spend more time caring for children encounter obstructions. Reynolds(2002) noted that equal opportunity for women is influenced by the role of men in family work as majority of women want their children’s fathers to increase their participation in childrearing. In addition, it was also pointed out that more than 50% of fathers want to slow down their careers due to family demands. 38% of working fathers prefer to have a pay cut in exchange for more time with their children (Careerbuilder, 2009). 74% of men also find that having a work schedule allowing them to spend time with their families is very important (Fatherhood Institute, 2011). Only 17% of men in the UK believe that it is the man’s role to earn the money while the woman stays at home (FI, 2011). Fathers with flexible work schedule are more committed to their organisation as they indicated improved psychological wellbeing and better levels of physical health, felt more in control of their work and less stressed over lower pay, as well as enjoy better work relationships (FI, 2011). In addition, Park et al (2007) reported that the men working full time were less satisfied than full-time working women with work life balance. Further information about roles of men, specifically black and Caribbean will be explored in this chapter. 1. media and societies Representations of African-Caribbean males as fathers and how it impacts their self -esteem, mental wellbeing and involvement with children. It is a popular and widely accepted notion that black fathers are absentee parents (Reynolds, 2009). This could have been influenced by many cases of single-parent mothers of African-Caribbean ethnicity of which about 40% appear as such in census (Owen, 2006). In addition, black fathers are seen as absent from parenting and unwilling to take responsibility for their children. This has created an understanding in the media that black men are “no good”, “worthless”, “hood for nothing” and “deadbeat” fathers (Song and Edwards, 1997). However, more recent media portrayal of black fathers have changed to express concerns about the consequences of absenteeism for social problems in black communities including educational underachievement and incidences of crime involvement from teenage gun and knife crimes (Harker, 2007). According to Reynolds (2009), “the underlying subtext is that non-resident black fathers absent themselves from parenting because they are unwilling (or unable) to take responsibility for their children,” (16). 2. The nuclear family model and trends of African-Caribbean fathers in the family Support for African Caribbean fathers have recently been launched by organisations aimed at meeting the challenges faced by fathers such as ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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