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Summary - Coursework Example

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Date: December 7, 2012 INCOME STATEMENT PepsiCo has prepared its income statement based on multi-step format such that different the all the expenses are separated according to their nature and subtracted one by one from the net revenues in order to provide operating profit first, followed by income before income tax, net income and lastly income attributable to PepsiCo shareholders…
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Download file to see previous pages As per the requirements of US GAAP and Securities and Exchange Commission, the income statement of PepsiCo shows the comparative financial performance of the company over last three years, i.e. 2009, 2010 and 2012. There is one extra ordinary item is also included with the head of “bottling equity income”. However, this item was of non-recurring nature such that it was present in the income statements of 2009 and 2010 but in 2011, this figure was not shown by the company. The requirement to show both basic and diluted earnings per share is also provided in the income statement of PepsiCo. There are few optional items also presented by the company in order to provide more meaningful picture of the company especially to its shareholders such as weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding and dividend per share declared by PepsiCo over last three years. Contingencies Contingencies, is a specific type of liability under which account head is presented on the face of the balance sheet but its amount is not showed. Generally, contingencies include those items the results of which can go either in favor or against the company such as lawsuits, long-term contractual obligations, commitments etc. However, contingencies are presented only when their respective amounts are probable and can be reliably estimated as well. PepsiCo has also provided contingencies on its balance sheet under the name of commitments and contingencies. There are different kinds of contingencies under which PepsiCo is obligated, such as non-cancelable commitments. These non-cancelable commitments include commitments for operating leases of building, purchasing agreements with the suppliers of sugar and sweeteners, oranges and its juices and related packaging material. Non-cancelable marketing agreements are also signed by PepsiCo mainly for its sports based marketing. There are some items, which have not been included under contingencies by PepsiCo such as bottler funding and medical plan related liabilities for retirees. Bottler funding is that agreement which is negotiated by PepsiCo with its suppliers on yearly basis. Medical plan is not included because expected future cash outflows in this regard are not represented as long-term contractual obligations. Off-balance sheet transactions and items are also not included in the commitment and contingencies because PepsiCo has not made it its practice to include in its financial statements unless they constitute under the normal course of business of PepsiCo. INTANGIBLES Being a multi-national entity, PepsiCo has acquired different sorts of intangible assets such as brands, computer software, franchises, goodwill etc. The company has developed various criteria in order to value its intangibles, which are discussed below. Brands PepsiCo develops certain brands the cost of which is normally expensed out by the company in the year in which the brand is developed. Certain brands are acquired by PepsiCo such that their goodwill is recognized separately in the balance sheet. With respect to the life of brands, there are two types of brands i.e. brands with definite life and brands with indefinite life. PepsiCo has the specific brand valuation criteria, which it follows in order to assess the life of the brand. Generally, the brands with definite lives are amortized over a period ranging from 5 to 40 years are ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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