Nobody downloaded yet

Cesaer Beccaria & Classical Theories of Crime and Punishment - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Cesaer Beccaria & Classical Theories of Crime and Punishment Introduction Cesaer Baccaria, an Italian politician and philosopher, is very well known for his crimes and punishment treatise that condemned capital punishment and torture. In 1964, Beccaria, (1764) published a just and brief treatise that addressed crime and punishment…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.2% of users find it useful
Cesaer Beccaria & Classical Theories of Crime and Punishment
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Cesaer Beccaria & Classical Theories of Crime and Punishment"

Download file to see previous pages Crime is any action that violates basic believes and values of a society. These beliefs are values are the laws that the society observes, in maintaining peace and order. A person who violates these laws has to face its consequences and this is referred to as punishment. Crime and punishment classical theories are based on the philosophy of utilitarian. Cesare Beccaria was a classical school philosopher who argued that people are free to decide on how to act, and secondly, human beings are hedonists, who look for pleasure while avoiding pain and the weight of benefits and costs of the actions consequences. This theory, however, ignores motivational factors’ possibility like unconscious drives and irrationality of individuals. The theory states that: punishment of sufficient severity is the only way of stopping people from committing crime because its costs are more than the benefits. However, punishment severity should be proportional to the crime. The more certain and swift the punishment is, the more effective it’s likely to be in preventing behaviors of crime. However, his views contrast and compare to the contemporary theory of Rational Choice Theory. Classical Theories The theory states that individuals freely choose their own actions and that avoiding such acts is only possible if the benefits that the individual expects are less than the costs, for example facing severe punishment. Therefore, the assumptions of classical theory are; all people are by nature self seeking, and hence are responsible to committing crimes. An agreement to protect private property power among others, and people deliberately enter into social agreements with the government in order to maintain peace, law is only a sign of moral agreement coherence as all people are rational and finally, every individual is responsible for his own actions. The theory also states that the behavior of law breaking is as a result of irrational actions of some people, who because of their shortcomings are unable to uphold an agreement with their nation or state. According to the classical theory of crime, people who disobey the law are punished in order to stop them from destructing other peoples’ rights, and this gives the government a choice to punish them and implement the penalty, since the society is independently established by people. Furthermore, the theory says that penalties must equal the interest that the crime violates and concentration should be centered on the act (Beccaria, 1764). The classical theory argues that laws should be few and execution settled down on time. Penalty should also aim at compensating valuable activity and reprimanding destructive activities. According to these theories, a penalty application should not fail when based on the committed crime and excusive cases or moderating conditions should not exist. Betham observes that anything done should aim at providing the greatest happiness to as many people as possible. Furthermore, he says that penalty strictness was so high, to give rise to death punishment. Theory Policies Beccaria appealed for reasoning principle where he called for state understanding as a kind of contract, and utility principle, above all, as of the biggest happiness for the biggest number. He openly condemned penalty of death on two grounds: first, he argued that the state has no right to take away lives and secondly, he said that capital punishment is not a useful form of punishment. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Cesaer Beccaria & Classical Theories of Crime and Punishment Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1424727-cesaer-beccaria-classical-theories-of-crime-and
(Cesaer Beccaria & Classical Theories of Crime and Punishment Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1424727-cesaer-beccaria-classical-theories-of-crime-and.
“Cesaer Beccaria & Classical Theories of Crime and Punishment Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1424727-cesaer-beccaria-classical-theories-of-crime-and.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Cesaer Beccaria & Classical Theories of Crime and Punishment

Crime and punishment

...within their worlds. In contrast, this is exactly what correctional institutions should be working towards. Vengeance and punishment does not serve the state which is why the United States does not allow for victims of crimes to exact punishment. However, having institutions, whether they be minimum or maximum security, where the inmates come out of their experience with no better chance of succeeding within society than those who go into the prison, does society no benefit. Another problem with the prison system is that it creates a great drain on the resources from which financing of the institutions is fed. In Ohio, the supermax prison spends an average of $149 per prisoner, where the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

Sociology: Crime and Punishment

...?Running head: Sociology: Crime and Punishment Sociology: Crime and Punishment [The of the appears here] [The of appearshere] One of the core ideas of the Sutherland tradition in white-collar crime is that there is a double standard of justice in our differential handling of conventional and white-collar crime. Besides insisting on the criminality of white-collar offenses, Sutherland (1945.) also maintained that the differential application of the law to conventional and white-collar crimes "blurred and concealed" the criminality of the white-collar offenses. By inventing special administrative agencies and commissions to...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Crime and punishment

...commits. Both forms of punishments are given to the criminals in almost every country depending on the nature of crimes. I personally think that although corporal punishment is a harsh punishment, still it is a much better way to punish the criminals as compared to death penalty. Even corporal punishments can be justified only if bearable force is used on the criminals as a form of punishment instead of using heavy physical form, which can result in damaging any specific body part of the criminal. However, I can never justify death penalty as a good form of punishment because it snatches the right to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Beccaria C (1764/2003) 'On Crimes and Punishment'

...by Beccaria would later be quite useful and applicable in the criminal justice and law reforms in Western Europe. Besides his role as a criminologist, Beccaria was also a teacher and a public official in Milan. As a public official, Beccaria dealt with public education, monitory reforms and labour relations. However, this paper only explores Cesare Beccaria’s theory on crime and punishment. Beccaria’s Theory on Crime and Punishment Beccaria’s ideas on crime and punishment appeared in his work “Dei...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Theories of punishment

...Teacher’s Theories of Punishment Part I Crime is considered as an act or the execution of an act that civil laws of society forbid, therefore making the offender liable to punishment by that law (“Crime”). The essence of “civil laws of society” emphasizes the subjective perception of the concept of crime in any society. Nevertheless, there are certain common acts which are forbidden in the public laws of various societies. These acts are called index crimes. FBI considers index crimes are criminal homicide, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, theft, motor vehicle theft, and...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

Rhetoric of Crime & Punishment

...Rhetoric of Crime & Punishment Table Contents Table Contents Letter of introduction 2 Letter of introduction The journalism, mass media, and communication course has facilitated my growth as a student in this course. The emphasis on learning current affairs has broadened my knowledge on different aspects of life. As I joined the course, I only expected to learn how to take photos, edit, and write a newspaper. However, as time went by other subjects were incorporated into our syllabus, broadening my knowledge on different aspects in life. Some of the readings that have broadened my knowledge spectrum are the rhetorical perspectives, and their influence on different aspects of people‘s lives. For instance,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Admission/Application Essay

Crime and Punishment

...Crime and Punishment Introduction: It is preferred to assume the role of a public prosecutor for this essay, and the essay would be based from this perspective. This official is a Government appointed official whose powers and responsibilities are determined by City or the Country’s territorial borders. This position is also known as a County Attorney, or in certain cases, as District Attorney. With regard to the apprehension, indictment, prosecution, trial, sentencing and final committing to correctional centers, the prosecutor’s role could be summarized as follows: 1. Determining the investigation reports to decide whether there is sufficient evidence to file a criminal complaint against an alleged...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Dostoevsky crime and punishment

...the highest level of spirituality when he writes, “He did not know that the new life would not be given him for nothing that he would have to pay dearly for it, that it would cost him great striving, great suffering. But that is the beginning of a new story - the story of the gradual renewal of a man, the story of his gradual regeneration, of his passing from one world into another, of his initiation into a new unknown life." (p505) The philosophical implications of the book are great and the story shows how a totally wrecked individual finds his mooring in life and tries to reform and rehabilitate. ****************** Works...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Crime and punishment

...Riding the Bus by Dr. Johnna Christian Introduction There are several consequences of incarceration, some of which are unintended. Prisons in many cases are located in rural areas, long distances away from urban life. The study by Johnna Christian was aimed at bridging the knowledge gap with respect to families’ management of prison visiting (Christian 31). More specifically, the objective of the study was to establish the process of prison visit from the perspective of family members. Yet again, the study was specifically aimed at establishing the barriers that family members have to overcome in order to pay visits to their loved ones in prisons. How the Study was done Christian’s study was ethnographic in nature. The study... the Bus by...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Crime , punishment justice & literature

...Crime, Punishment Justice & Literature In Madea by Euripides (ed , there is a new definition of punishment. One thing that comes up with regard to the issue of crime and punishment is the way Madea chooses to deal with his husband who has wronged her by choosing to leave her and marry another woman who is apparently of a better social standing than Madea. The author seems not to criticize the acts of Madea but seems to glorify it, because the end of the play is that Madea comes out victorious having comminuted her crimes (achieved her punishment). This splay is the best definition of the adage “hell hath no fury, like an...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Cesaer Beccaria & Classical Theories of Crime and Punishment for FREE!

Contact Us