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Approaches to Crime and Punishment - Assignment Example

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This work called "Approaches to Crime and Punishment" focuses on various thoughts concerning arguments on crime and punishment. The author outlines the role of law, different approaches, human relationships, the relationship between victims and offenders. …
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Approaches to Crime and Punishment
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Download file to see previous pages Lombroso(1835-1909): Thank you, Mr. Beccaria. Here I do: When a criminal is nagged and abused, condemned and ostracized by society, he turns into a viler and bitter individual. Heartfelt care and concern, an understanding approach, and tender regard for his feelings are necessary prerequisites to heal his inner wounds. Coupled with this, we need to learn to forgive and forget his past in order to help him build a new identity. The inner core of every human being is essentially divine, even of the worst villain condemned to die. With hardened attitudes, these prisoners upon release, turn more violent perpetrators of crime. Thus, it is necessary that the inmates be afforded an opportunity of changing themselves from within. As for capital punishment, it must be abolished once for all as it has no place in a civilized society.
Durkheim: (1858-1917): A thoughtful note. What do you say, Beccaria? Would you like to throw fresh light on your criminal justice theories in the light of observations in the note? Reformation of the criminals and the criminal justice system have always been your favorite issues for discussion.
Durkheim: You said capital punishment? My friends, we all know that Beccaria “ had offered the first sustained critique of capital punishment, calling it both inhumane and ineffective in preventing crime.”(Lombroso at el.2006,404) Time has proved you right.
“When the United States Justice Department recently released statistics showing that the number of death sentences imposed in 2003 had hit a 30-year low, it deepened a debate over society's ultimate punishment, fueling a controversy that has simmered from statehouses to courtrooms for years.”(What's behind....)
Beccaria: Yes, I did. But Lombroso went a step further. “In early editions of Criminal Man, he (Lombroso) hesitates to endorse the death penalty, which was unpopular in Italy and abolished by the Italian criminal code of 1889. But by the final edition of Criminal Man, Lombroso endorses a limited use of capital punishment, arguing that it plays a natural role in the Darwinian struggle for existence and is necessary to defend society from the most vicious born criminals.”(Lombroso, et al.2006,404) I agree with two philosophers' theories: social contract and utility.
Lombroso: Beccaria has a point there. Don't you think so Durkheim? As mentioned in the note,  Beccaria had described and pushed the point of reforming the criminal justice system. As for the social contract, his stand that punishment as justified only to defend the social contract of citizens and to make sure that all individuals followed this standard. As for utility, he held that the method of punishment selected should be the one that helps society. This being the position, the imposition of the death penalty seems unthinkable, as by awarding such a serious punishment to the individual, the chances of one's reformation are totally wiped out. The current thinking on the subject of capital punishment is thought-provoking. "I don't think [the decline in death sentences] signals a massive sea change in the public's perception of the death penalty," says Marquis, a board member of the National District Attorneys Association, "but rather a recognition by prosecutors and ultimately by juries that the punishment should be reserved for the worst of the worst." ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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