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Formative assessment - Research Paper Example

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In the past few years formative and summative assessment definitions have become confusing yet they are not difficult to define. They are both an integral part of gathering information. Teachers use an approach of formative assessment to determine what to do during the learning process. Involvement of the student is very vital – when the students are not involved in the assessment process, formative assessment is not fully implemented and practiced (Garrison & Ehringhaus, 2007). Research has shown that student involvement increases student motivation to learn. This will be successful with teachers’ full support to help them identify goal, design assessment task and set criteria for success. Feedback is an important component in student assessment as they learn. In fact, feedback is a significant strategy to help students move forward in their learning since it helps them understand what they are doing well and reach the next step in their learning (Garrison & Ehringhaus, 2007). According to Dodge (2009), formative assessment has a variety of strategies used as a way of understanding and gathering information during learning. They include graphics organizers, lists and charts where students organize information and note relationships of various graphic organizers. Visual representations of information is also a strategy where students use pictures and word to increase memory, make connections and retrieve information later. Garrison and Ehringhaus (2007) further indicate that formative strategy

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will include observations where teachers need to walk around the classroom to see whether students need any clarification. The teachers then gather the evidence, which later is used for feedback about students’ learning. Further self and peer assessment strategy creates a learning environment in the classroom where students can be engaged in meta-cognitive thinking and reflect on their learning. When peer evaluation is involved, students see each other as useful for understanding and checking wok that is of high quality. Criteria and goal setting is a strategy that will help the student create clear expectation. Students need to create a strategy for reaching their goals and target. They can do so by using test and examples for an effective process. The purpose and benefits of formative assessment include all activities that students and teachers take to have information that can be used to change learning. To improve students’ success, teachers use the information that they already have to make any instructional change or use alternative approaches. Feedback has also been beneficial, as it has helped the student be aware of any gap that is hindering their desired goal and their present knowledge. For those students who are unwilling to invest in further leaning and are discouraged because of poor performance, formative assessment helps to support their expectation (Boston, 2002). Formative assessment however has some barriers whereby it is not just possible to put ideas together into practice especially where large classes are involved (OECD, 2006). Again, it is not possible to go at a slower pace when the curriculum requirement is extensive and important and teachers find this more challenging. Teachers may also find it difficult to acquaint themselves with formative assessment since it means change. The assessment requires that the teacher changes the way in which they think about lesson, student abilities, and student interaction and

Summary

University Name Date Introduction Formative assessment is an instructional process, which when practiced in the classroom, provides the information needed to adjust learning and teaching. It informs both the students and the teacher and the students understand adjustment point in time…
Formative assessment
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