We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Ernest Rutherford and Nuclear Physics contributions - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Born to simple and hardworking country folks in New Zealand, Ernest Rutherford was destined to become what some call, according to Dr. John Campbell, “the father of nuclear physics”. Though he showed no interest in science as a child beyond reading one science textbook, he forever changed the way that atoms and physics were thought of…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Ernest Rutherford and Nuclear Physics contributions
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Ernest Rutherford and Nuclear Physics contributions

Download file to see previous pages... His father was a wheelwright, his mother a schoolteacher (Campbell). He moved once or twice, though staying in New Zealand the entire time, and attending different schools when he moved (Campbell). Though Ernest as a boy liked tinkering with clocks, and loved to make models of the wheels that were used in the mills, he did not show any real passion for science during childhood (Mahanti, 2011). Most of his education came through the winning of scholarships, first to Nelson College in 1889, then on to Canterbury College at the University of New Zealand, where he first developed an interest in electrical science, running experiments that would determine whether or not iron was magnetic at a high magnetizing frequency (Campbell). After failing in three attempts to secure a teaching position after university, and briefly considering medicine, he took odd jobs tutoring students to help make ends meet while continuing to experiment in electrical science. In 1895 he won a scholarship to Cambridge University to work with instructor J.J. Thomson (Campbell). Thomson, who was quick to realize Rutherford’s exceptional ability as a researcher as he had already designed several original experiments involving high-frequency, alternating currents, invited him to become a member of the team to study of the electrical conduction of gases. The pair soon became not only researcher and student but also good friends, and Rutherford was able to take Thomson’s theories and improve on them, breaking the ground to make a lasting impression on nuclear physics today. Rutherford developed several ingenious techniques to study the mechanism Thomson was using, whereby normally insulating gases became electrical conductors. In studying this matter, Rutherford commented that when a high voltage is applied across them, a clear view was given of the mechanism of the transport of electricity through the gases by the means of charged ions (Rutherford 1904). He also worked jointly with Thomson on the behavior of the ions observed in gases that had been treated with X-rays (a recent discovery), as well as the mobility of ions in relation to the strength of the electric field. It did not hurt in any way that Thomson was the one to discover that the “atom”, then known as the smallest unit of matter, was not in fact the smallest, but made up of even smaller particles, giving yet another area of interest for Rutherford to experiment with (Mahanti, 2011). When the Macdonald Chair of Physics at McGill University in Montreal became vacant in 1898, Rutherford left for Canada to take up the post. He promptly made a name for himself by discovering the element of radon, a chemically inactive but extremely radioactive gas (Campbell). While at McGill, he also did the work that gained him the 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry by demonstrating that radioactivity was the spontaneous disintegration of atoms. With the help of a young chemist, Frederick Soddy, he began to unravel the mysteries of radioactivity and contributed directly to nuclear physics as we know it today by proving that some heavier radioactive elements spontaneously decay into slightly lighter atoms (Mahanti, 2011). In this, Rutherford noticed that in a sample of radioactive material, it invariably took the same amount of time for half the sample to decay - its “ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Nuclear Power
Apart from being a natural resource that is non-renewable, it is also getting fast depleted. This has many economic effects that have led to fragile economies in many countries that have failed to adapt to the forces of global demand and supply when it comes to fossil fuels.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
The History of Nuclear Power
Finally, the paper draws a conclusion on the twin applications of nuclear power. Introduction Ever since the dawn of earliest civilizations, the development of every human society has heavily depended on a big variety of factors, some of which have played a pivotal role in society’s modus operandi.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Nuclear Power
Resources for energy have become a subject of concern owing to the belief that fossil fuels would exhaust after a period of time and this has led to the quest for other sources of energy. Nuclear power has served as one such breakthrough and it is now utilized for the production of energy; in particular electricity.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Ernest hemingway
They pass, sometimes changing, transforming, from one book to another. Themes and motifs, originally discovered by Hemingway in essays and reportages of the 1920s, get their full meaning in his collections of short stories. Many features of the style typical for Hemingway-reporter become leading ones for Hemingway-writer.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Ernest Miller Hemingway
On the other side, the work Soldier's Home portrays the harsh realities faced by a soldier during war and its aftereffects in his personal life. One can see that the theme (say, human life) interconnects these short stories but differs in other literary elements.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Physics of racing
The research paper commences on the comprehension of components that work up several and easy equations that can be used to determine weight transfer in any car. The weight transfer will also be determined using information only obtained from the wheelbase, CH height, distribution of the static weight of the car and driver, and the design of the racetrack, or simple space amid the wheels across the car (Beckman, 2002, p.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Ernest Hemingway
No author can escape from the set of these influences, and why should one try to escape? The totality of past experiences of an author cleverly interpolated into the plot makes a short story beautiful, touching and meaningful. It appeals to the emotions of the reader.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
College Physics
He concluded from his many experiments that a body is composed of two types of charged particles- positive and negative. Yes it is possible. Isotones are Nuclei of atoms with the same neutron number. Example: S-36, Cl-37, Ar-38, K-39, Ca-40. These nuclei contain 20 neutrons each, but with different number of protons: sulphur 16, chlorine 17, argon 18, potassium 19 and calcium 20 protons.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Nuclear
This discovery brought with it the chance for humanity to grab the intricacies that the nuclear age came with it. This was a major discovery in the
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Ernest Rutherford
In this case, the scientist made a significant contribution in electromagnetic radiation. Furthermore, Ernest observed that radioactivity of objects reduced with time
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Ernest Rutherford and Nuclear Physics contributions for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us