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Final Religion - Book Report/Review Example

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In our current world, different religions exist in different countries, with isolated forms of religious experiences. Each religion has established their own cultures, beliefs and missions…
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Final Religion
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Download file to see previous pages (Wach, p. 128) Religious experiences of St. Paul, Muhammad and Shakyanumi claimed an important role in founding three of the most popular religions in the world: Christianity, Islam and Buddhism respectively. Each of them experienced enlightenment in different ways. St. Paul became the messenger of God. His first encounter was when he was set out on the road to investigate the Jews in the synagogues to see if they were members of a Jewish movement called “The Way” (p. 127). This movement believed in Jesus and Saul does not believe in Him. But a bright light appeared before him, the voice of Jesus called Him and this experience called him to become one of the followers of the movement. And there began Christianity. On the other hand, Muhammad’s first encounter was when he was in a cave and suddenly he heard this magnificent voice and asked him to recite. Muslims called their divine one as “Allah” and through the angel Gabriel, Muhammad became “the prophet” called by Allah. By then he taught the central core of Islam, the Five (5) Pillars of Islam to receive approval of Allah. Both St. Paul & Muhammad had the same religious experience: heard voices and gave them instructions to fullfill two major goals, to unite the people and follow the truths about God (Christianity) and Allah (Islam). These two men were chosen because God knew they are special, and this is their purpose in the world. On the other hand, Siddharta Gautama didn’t encounter a divine one or heard voices from above. He achieved enlightenment through meditation. Although he was born royal, he chose a different path of life, he chose to discover and experience the world as it appears that time. He wants to understand why there are sufferings. How can a person be empowered without suffering? Buddha realizes that his task is to invite and influence others follow a path that will lead them to enlightenment. He believed that there are four (4) noble truths in life and to overcome sufferings in this world, one should successfully do the eight-fold path. By following the eight-fold path, one can reach nirvana or heaven. Anyone can follow the eight-fold path even a Christian or a Muslim can but in different contexts. In Buddhism, there is no divine one, Buddha is considered an important icon of this religion for reaching and succeeding worldly desires and other evils. Unlike in Christianity and Islam, there exist a divine one, God and Allah. Buddhism believes that we are the ones who created sufferings in this world, so it is only us who can end it. There were three important authors to which religious experiences were categorized. First is the feeling of absolute dependence by a Christian theologian named Freidrich Ernst Daniel Schleiermacher (1768-1834). He said that it is the moment in consciousness when we become aware that our lives are conditioned and limited by all kinds of factors. One common instance where each and everyone feels this, is when we are caught in the middle of crisis, like if one of our loved ones is very sick and that doctors are telling you there is no chance of survival anymore. We feel anger and yet we reach out for God. We firmly believe that He is our last chance to ask for the impossible possible. We pray to God to heal our sick loved ones. This is showing our absolute dependence on Him, that even non-believers still pray to Him during crisis. The type of religious experience that was encountered by St. Paul and Muhammad is called the feelings of awe or wonder (numinous). They both heard ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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