We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki: The Decision to Drop the Bomb - Research Paper Example

Free

Extract of sample
Hiroshima and Nagasaki: The Decision to Drop the Bomb

Debate over the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki is more concerned on the ethical, legal and military controversies surrounding the United States. The bombings caused the Japanese surrender, preventing massive casualties on both sides in the planned invasion of Japan whereby Kyushu was to be invaded in October 1945 and Honshu five months later (Oh 2000). The U.S side had anticipated losing many soldiers in the planned invasion of Japan even though the number of expected fatalities and wounded is subject to some debate. After the U.S war president Truman stated that he was advised that U.S casualties could range from 250,000 to one million men. A joint study done by the Joint Chiefs of Staff in April 1945, the figures developed were 7.45 casualties per 1000 man-days and 1.78 fatalities per 1000 man-days. Thus the planned campaign to conquer Japan would cause 1.6 million U.S. casualties, including 380,000 dead (Nathalie Ettzevoglou-Hoyer, Hammond and Mueller 2000). In addition to this fact, millions of Japanese military and civilian casualties were expected as a result of such action1. According to an Air Force Association history of the 21st century, millions of old men, boys and girls had been trained to resist by such means as attacking with bamboo spears, strapping explosives to their bodies and throwing themselves under advancing tasks. The Japanese cabinet also approved a measure to extend the draft to include men from ages fifteen to sixteen and women from seventeen to forty-five.

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

HIST - American History Since 1865
The Hiroshima bombing of August 6, 1945 resulted in the death of some 140,000 people and the subsequent August 9 bombing of Nagasaki killed some 80,000.1 They were and are the two single greatest and most destructive acts of war ever committed by one nation against another.
6 pages (1500 words)Research Paper
Atomic Bomb
 Takaki explores the motivation behind the bombings in the context of race and the moral dimension of the act and extracts evidence from top-secret military reports, letters and diaries. The Most Controversial Decision: Truman, the Atomic Bombs, and the Defeat of Japan by Wilson D.
5 pages (1250 words)Research Paper
To What Extent Was Truman's Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb Justified
President Truman was the first person to authorize their use following Japan's hesitation in surrendering; japan had rejected the United States’ terms of surrender. The Japanese wanted to retain emperor Hirohito, and retain their ability to wage war, as opposed to the United States requirement that required surrender of the emperor, and denied japan its ability to participate in any form of military combat.
7 pages (1750 words)Research Paper
US Drop the Atomic Bombs on Japan to Put an Immediate End to the War
US Drop the Atomic Bombs on Japan to put an Immediate End to the War Japan was ready to die for victory, the national slogan in Japan at the time of nuclear bombing was; “One hundred million will die for the Emperor and Nation” (Jowett & Andrew, 2002).
5 pages (1250 words)Research Paper
Trumans Decision regarding the Atomic Bombs
According to Truman he made this decision to save the lives of thousands and thousands of American men by forcing Japan to surrender. Although debates run high even after six decades concerning the use of nuclear weapons that killed and mutilated millions of Japanese, the outcome was what the Americans wanted which is the end of WWII.
6 pages (1500 words)Research Paper
Hiroshima and nagasaki bomb
Nagasaki also encountered the same disaster three days later. Death, deadly radiation, fire and pollution swallowed the cities completely. Buildings and other structures collapsed and houses burst into flame (Richard Minear, 1990). Electrical systems and inflammatory substances added to the fire and burst.
9 pages (2250 words)Research Paper
Truman's Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb
Truman's conversations about the bomb were not about society's expectations, but rather on the post conventional thought that dealt with "...the effects of the use of the bomb, not [...] whether it ought to be used".1 The decision to use atomic bombs against Japan was influenced by several factors that are relevant to Kohlberg's stage 5 on the moral development scale.
2 pages (500 words)Essay
Bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki
True, they were at the receiving end at the time the bombs were dropped. However, attitudinally, they were far from calling it quits. Even if they were politically divided on the question of war, the hotheads were holding the rest of the nation to ransom.
4 pages (1000 words)Essay
The United States' use of atomic weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was not justified
have allowed the one concession Japan requested, to retain its emperor as head of state, and avoided the catastrophic destruction of predominantly civilian inhabited targets? On August 6, 1945 an atomic blast leveled more than half of Hiroshima. Seventy
4 pages (1000 words)Research Paper
THE DECISION TO DROP THE ATOMIC BOMB ON HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI
The death toll counts more than 200 thousands of civilian, and even an approximately unknown number of mutilated bodies and destinies. It can be referred to the fact that a great number of people dies every month in war time, still considering
2 pages (500 words)Essay
There was an order given by the Japanese War ministry on 1 August 1944, ordering for the disposal and execution of allied prisoners of which was numbering to over 100,000 if an invasion of the Japanese mainland had taken place (Nathalie Ettzevoglou-Hoyer, Hammond and Mueller 2000). To have waited for the Japanese to surrender would have cost a lot of lives. In each of the ninety seven months between July and August 1945 around 100,000 and 200,000 persons perished in China with the vast majority being noncombat. Famine in Vietnam caused a lot of deaths in Asia especially in 1945. According to Newman, each month that the war continued would have produced the deaths up to 250,000 people. Fire bombing that were taking place in Tokyo had killed over 100,000 people in Japan since the beginning of the war either directly or indirectly (Nathalie Ettzevoglou-Hoyer, Hammond and Mueller 2000). Nuclear physicist Karl T. Compton in his defensive article said that if the atomic bomb had not been used, there would have been more deaths and destruction in enormous scale. Japanese government promulgated a National Mobilization Law and waged total war. They ordered many civilians to work in factories and militaries offices and to fight against any invading force. Hiroshima was mostly used as the headquarters of the Fifth Division and the 2nd General Army. It was a communication center, an assembly area for troops; it had military factories and was also used as a storage point2. Nagasaki on the other hand was very much important because of its industrial activity which included the production of ordinance, ships, military equipment and other war materials (Oh 2000). Fumio Kyuma the defense minister of Japan stated that bombing caused great tragedy but he does not resent the U.S.

Summary

Running Head: Hiroshima and Nagasaki Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Name) (University) (Course) (Tutor) (Date) Introduction The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki have over the years been subject to analysis and comment of whether it was justified or not. Most scholars in the field have grappled with difficult questions of why the United States decided to use the atomic bomb when the Second World War was about to end…
Hiroshima and Nagasaki: The Decision to Drop the Bomb
Read TextPreview
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Hiroshima and Nagasaki: The Decision to Drop the Bomb for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us