Addiction is everywhere.But not everyone has it.It is because of this nature of addiction that behavioral and biological perspectives come into team work in the hope of revealing the truth behind this problem…
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Addiction has been considered a major society’s problem and it is because of this that some experts believe it as a brain disease at some point. This paper tries to explain that addiction is indeed a disease of the brain. Addiction defined Addiction is a specific behavioral problem that is usually manifested with lack of control of using and seeking something just like drugs, sex and gambling (Gamonet & Piazza, 2010; Goodman, 2008). It is also known as a syndrome in which there is a considerable focus on the impaired control over a behavior (West & Hardy, 2006). Addiction therefore is something that takes control over someone’s life. Someone who is addicted to something else is after of uncontrolled longing for self gratification. Although addiction may differ from what a habit is, the entire point is that its manifestation can always be observed from a behavioral point of view. However, addiction can also be explained from the biological context and this primarily involves the study of the brain and its other related fields. Brain disease defined From a biomedical model, disease is defined based on the context of four assumptions in which one of them states that it is a deviation from normal biological functioning (Mishler, 1981). From this assumption, a brain disease therefore is implied as the brain’s inability to function well based on what a normal one can potentially do. This is a generic point of view, but the entire argument in the above assumption is that a deviation from the norm especially when there is involved biological functioning is ground to be considered as a disease. Evidences about addiction is brain disease In order to consider addiction as a brain disease, it is important to trace the very nature of a normal brain and its potential functions in the human body. The normal human brain is said to have the capacity to take control over the entire body. However, aside from the biological stand point, the brain does not only control the whole activities of the body, but primarily thoughts and behavior (Feldman, 2003). This implies that a normal brain has the capacity to create normal thoughts and behavior. Since addiction is a behavioral problem, the brain therefore has specific problem by itself considering that it should have the capacity to create normal thoughts and behaviors in the first place. Furthermore, based on the assumption about normal biological functioning of the body, a normal brain therefore has to function well as expected resulting to create normal thoughts or behaviors. Doctor Alan Lesbner, director of the National Institute of Drug Abuse personally believes that addiction is a brain disease (Walsh, 1997). This is based on the idea that drug addiction is just a result of one’s brain inability to take control of a certain behavior. Doctor Lesbner argued that not all of those who abused drugs resulted to addiction because the brain has a certain capacity to control human behavior. In fact, not all of those who tried prohibited drugs are addicted. Furthermore, not all of those who start gambling and having sex are addicted to such of these activities. However, the abuse of drugs for instance leads to some changes in the brain and to some extent they are harmful for its normal functioning (Heyman, 2009). Some recent findings showing addiction is a brain disease supported the idea of Doctor Lesbner. Recent findings suggest that addiction is associated with dysfunction of brain tissues resulting to the disruption of regions in the brain which are capable of controlling the normal process of motivation, reward and inhibitory control (Ries et al., 2009; Heyman & Brownsberger, 2001; Flores, 1997). The advent of technological breakthroughs makes this
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Body sensations which include hunger and pain also affect the patients (Mark, 2001). Emotions and moods on the other hand also affect patients’ behavior. Emotions include rage, fear and joy while mood is characterized by depression; elation and boredom.
Ingestion of a substance causes the reward circuits in the brain ton activate and whenever this happens dependence or addiction is possible. The destructive addictions include alcoholism, alcohol intoxication, drug abuse and dependence, cocaine abuse, narcotic abuse, substance abuse, and methamphetamine abuse.
Addiction Is a Brain Disease Over the years, the number of types of addiction has increased. An addicted person is said to be one who has no control over the things he/she does, uses or takes. It is not just in physical things such as alcohol but also anything else for example, shopping.
Although it Moreover, drugs directly alter neurons and the synapses that they carry out, and drugs do this either through imitation of the natural chemical messengers of the brain and through the overstimulation of the brain’s “reward circuit” (“Drug Facts,” 2011).
Second, there is the school of thought that describes drug abuse as a type of self-fulfilling prophecy with relation to the way people understand and categorize it. What one can see from this debate, prior to seeking to develop their own point of view with relation to the issue, is that one viewpoint attempts to explain drug use by way of a mental/spiritual deficiency in terms of lack of willpower.
tation of the brain cortex, over activity of pituary gland, or deep rooted childhood psychological malaise which needs medical intervention and appropriate treatment. Sexual Addiction is not a stigma, but it could become a disgraceful piece of action if not treated on time with
Many people fail to realize that addiction is a disease of the brain. Addiction starts with taking of drugs bit by bit. Over time, the ability of a person to choose not to take drugs becomes compromised and drug seeking and
ing in such promotions especially at the community level several sociological and psychological theories are applied and one such theory is the Transtheoretical model behavioral change. One of the major threats to society today is the problem of substance abuse which is
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