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In recent years, diverse authors in critical applied linguistics have highlighted various dimensions of power inequalities in the exploration of social identities (e.g., Varney, 2002; Simon-Maeda, 2004). The contribution of this critical approach has highlighted the need to challenge the reproduction of unjust power relations. It has also suggested strategies for empowerment and social transformation. However, this approach has been limited, to some extent, in its applicability to issues of gender and sexuality due to the influence of social constructionism. Mohr (1992) defines a radical social constructionist perspective as one that posits human beings as "blank slates" whose behaviors are determined by the influence of environmental factors. Mohr criticizes what he sees as a disregard for evidence of the role of biological factors in matters of gender and of sexuality.
However, an acute focus on biological dimensions also has significant limitations. Sears (1997) evokes this problem in his analysis of sexuality education in most Western educational contexts: "Relying heavily on biology and side-stepping issues of morality, teachers seldom employ the social sciences and the arts to explore the labyrinthine social structures of sexuality and gender" (pp. 275-276). Dimensions of morality, emotional depth, non-conscious processes, and individual imagination in gender and sexuality are sometimes lost in approaches where subjects seem to be determined either by biology or by their participation in language and culture.
In his article on agency and identity issues surrounding sexuality, Phillips (1996) remarks that social constructionism is now "[T]he dominant paradigm, indeed orthodoxy, within gay and lesbian cultural studies" (p. 105). This paradigm has limited success in initiating dialogue on gender and sexuality issues with those who conceptualize and experience their own sex and sexuality as solid facts, rather than the cumulative product of socio-cultural acts (Mohr, 1992). While Nelson (1999) lauds queer theory's slogan of "acts not facts," it has to be noted that the reverse position-facts, not acts- seems to be the perspective of the majority of practitioners in education. Indeed, Phillips argues that many students also feel this way with regard to their sense of self for sexual identities. On the one hand, then, there is a body of literature in critical applied linguistics and in queer studies (e.g. Perrotti & Westheimer, 2001; Wyss, 2004) that asserts a social constructionist perspective on gender and sexuality identities. The basis for this approach is often taken from a type of psychoanalytic drives theory that accords primal positivity to all expressions of sexual desire. This dominant perspective in academic spheres seems to have little potential for changing the contrasting perspectives of the majority of participants in education, and in society at large, where attention to the moral dimension of sexuality issues is prevalent. This perspective finds no point of connection with discourses that specify few moral parameters in considering diverse issues of sexuality such as the age-of-consent for minors,
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Over the years, advertising has become increasingly discriminatory and has spread imposed perceptions of people in general and women in particular. According to the findings of a UK based research, about 66.66 per cent of women were found to be of the opinion that advertisers make immense use of sex for the marketing of their products (Onyejekwe).
Undoubtedly there are stories in folklore that led to the saying ‘Music can help soothe the savage beast’ and some of these have their basis in true incidents as well. For example everyone knows the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin and how he used his music to first attract the rats to the river where they were drowned, and later to lure the children to a secret opening in the mountain.
Theme of the dead in “The Dead” by James Joyce is a psychological turmoil and exposition of the complex thoughts of the characters for whom dead has far more significance than their life of today. A person who died in the past hover’s into the sub-consciousness of characters even today.
In fact Clinton denied all the charges against him using this narrowest definition of human sexuality. Sexuality defines how humans express themselves sexually irrespective of whether it is expressed, physically, orally or emotionally. Regardless of young or old, male or female, human or animal, sexuality play an important role in one’s life.
The two, Gender and sexuality, are interdependent of each other hence inseparable. Sexuality is a principal aspect of being human throughout life. It entails sex, identities, sexual orientation, pleasure, intimacy, and reproduction. Individuals experience sexuality in thoughts, beliefs, attitudes, values, practices, desires, and relationships.
149). The trajectory of medical sciences has focused on the extent to which the older men and women maintain an active sexual life. Recent studies have also encircled around the exploration of the arena regarding the subjective sexual wellbeing, feelings of sexual satisfaction along with the emotional dimensions of the sexual relationships operating in the late life (Moore, 2010, p.
1. Sexuality in elementary school Adolescents in Canada rate sex as one of their most essential educational requirements. Nevertheless, sexual health education is frequently a crucial subject, which may be no other topic sparking as much argument. School administrators have established anxiety of parental or societal opposition as chief fronts to the provision of sex health education.
In this paper, I will explain ways in which biology, culture, and ecology influence various aspects of Aka and Ngandu sexuality and intimacy according to Hewlett and Hewlett, and highlight acceptance of homosexuality in the North American sexuality by drawing evidence from existing resources, and how it relates or differs to the former. Additionally, I will also present evidence to show that acceptance of homosexuality in Canada is a product of the social-cultural environment, as well as, demonstrate that gradual secularization of the contemporary Canadian society with the declining prescriptive power or religion is responsible for the introduction and pervasiveness of homosexuality.
Based primarily on researches conducted by authentic sources, the paper studies interconnection of sex education with an over all development of students.
Considering the augmenting figures of problems caused primarily
According to the report the changing pattern of sexuality in accordance with age is a growing field of discussion in the recent times. This increase in the research may be due to the enhanced debates relating to the sustainability of sexual lives in the old age which has been a uprising discussion in the industry of pharmaceutics.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
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