Assessment of the patient with acute abdominal pain - Research Paper Example

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Assessment of the patient with acute abdominal pain Abdominal pain is one of the common symptoms of many acute as well as non-acute health problems. Like variations in body temperature, abdomen pain can be a precursor to acute bodily malfunctions and diseases…
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Assessment of the patient with acute abdominal pain
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Download file to see previous pages The authors has first discussed the anatomical and physiology of organs associated with abdominal pain, then has listed the various bodily malfunctions and diseases which could cause pain, and importantly listed out the procedures that could be undertaken by the nurses as part of the assessment, diagnoses and even treatment of the abdominal pain. “It is therefore desirable that in addition to traditional nursing assessments, registered nurses are able to ask the correct questions, initiate tests and implement first-line treatments to ensure a timely and effective experience for the patient” (Cole, Lynch and Cugnoni, 2006). The authors first focused on the anatomy and the physiology of organs associated with abdominal pain, by pointing out how problems in one or more organs located within the abdominal cavity can lead to abdominal pain. “This cavity contains the stomach, spleen, liver, pall bladder, pancreas, kidneys, small intestine and large intestine…the bladder, caecum, appendix, sigmoid colon, rectum and female reproductive organs.” (Cole, Lynch and Cugnoni, 2006). ...
Problems in these organs are the main reasons for abdominal pain and those problems are categorized into various diseases and malfunctions like Appendicitis, Biliary colic, Bowel obstruction, Cholecystitis, Gastrointestinal disease, Hepatitis, etc. The authors for major part of the article discuss each of these diseases, their causes, bodily problems associated with it, and importantly the severity, nature and position of the pain. For example, they point out how in the case of Biliary colic, pain will be sudden and is ‘severe and continuous until it resolves spontaneously”, and then in the case of Cholecystitis “pain can be colicky or constant and is usually localised to the right upper quadrant” (Cole, Lynch and Cugnoni, 2006). After extensively discussing the various causes of the abdominal pain, the authors in the second half of the article has focussed on the role of nurses in assessing the abdominal pain. The authors point out how the nurses should ask relevant questions to patients with abdominal pain, so that the exact or even the tentative cause of the pain can be diagnosed. Questions should be asked about: > Pain. > Associated symptoms. > Past medical and medication history. > Social and family history. (Cole, Lynch and Cugnoni, 2006). The authors state that the nurses should ask questions regarding pain position, radiation and also the nature of pain. To locate the pain position, the nurses has to first ask the patients to point out the area, where the pain is being felt. In addition, nurses can also place their own hands, pressing and pointing out, where the pain is originating. “The patient should also be asked if the pain travels anywhere (radiation) or is ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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