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World System since 1500: Women in Italy, Germany, and Japan in the 1930's - Research Paper Example

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The twentieth century has always been considered as one of the most sinister, yet vibrant and eventful century throughout the world’s history. It is in this century that two world wars unfolded that redefines the course of history and divided the world…
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World System since 1500: Women in Italy, Germany, and Japan in the 1930s
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Download file to see previous pages In this timeline, 1930s, the fourth decade of the century, has been regarded as one of the landmarks of the century. It is in this period that the world has witness devastating economic downfall in what is now called as the Great Depression. An economic sag that led to the reconstruction of the world’s political and economic structures not only in the US and Europe but of the globe in general, the 1930s has always been remembered in somber yet critically by historians, especially by women historians. The period of 1930s falls in between two world wars. It can be said that the economic saturation of this decade was the effect of the First World War. And yet, this economic turbulence also caused the second as powerful nations battle for supremacy and hegemony of the world to resolve the crisis. In the war mongering positions of the countries such as Germany, Italy and Japan, women who were perceived to be less dependable or less beneficial for their “cause”, were oppressed and repressed. In the Context of the Fascist Regimes The worldwide depression brought significant yet extreme political changes as nations strived not only to survive and surpass the crisis but also to gain more power and outmaneuver each other. Powerful countries saw it as an opportunity to conquer nations to expand their economic and political agenda and thus resorted to authoritarian rule. Fascism and totalitarianism has been the name of the game. Countries such as Germany, Italy and Japan were to become three of the most fascist governments in history. Suffice it to say, fascism is always associated or described with brutality, violence and dictatorship (Pane). Germany and Japan both resorted in regressive foreign policies and geared in dividing the world by conquering nations to expand their territories. Nazi Fascist Regime in Germany Germany was plagued with tremendous lost in World War I led to the country’s devastation both in politics and economy. The terrible post-war economic condition made it difficult for the Weimar government to consolidate its rule and threats of revolts from all aspects of the political spectrum became a glaring reality. The awful inflation in the 1920s and the mass unemployment in the 1930s had further isolated the government from the people. At the same time, the Nazi party, under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, was gaining popularity amongst the people as an alternative to the existing party. The Nazi party held the banner of being a nationalistic political party and rallied on the anti-communist and anti-Semitic line. Hitler popularized the demagogue tenet that the German people were ordained to rule the world for they belonged to the great Aryan race. He blamed the Jews for the fate of Germany in World War I. In desperation, the people saw a savior in Hitler. In 1933, Hitler capitalized on his growing popularity among the people and used the threat of the communism to set up a fascist state in Germany. Subsequently, in 1935, the infamous Reich Citizenship Law which redefines German citizenship was passed. Through this law, German citizenship was limited to “German and related blood who through their behavior make it evident that they are willing and able faithfully to serve the German people and nations.” Other non-Germans, specially the Jews reclassified and denied citizenship. The Reich Citizenship Law is twinned by the Blood Protection Law that prohibited all sexual relations between Germans and non-Germans. Subsequently, the Nazis instigated an all-out attack against the Jews. Who could ever forget the Schindler’s list, the prisons and the concentration camps where Jews were either held up or massacred? Hitler’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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