Nobody downloaded yet

Bisphenol-A - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Bisphenol – A 1 RUNNING HEAD: BISPHENOL-A [Student's Name] [School] [School Address] Bisphenol – A 2 ABSTRACT This paper focuses on some issues and concerns about industrial chemical – Bisphenol A. Bisphenol A can be found in various products. These products are derived from huge portion of manufactured bisphenol A that is converted into stable form of plastics - polycarbonate and epoxy resins…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95% of users find it useful
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Bisphenol-A"

Download file to see previous pages Numerous studies have proven that bisphenol A can disrupt the hormonal system of animals and humans. Other structural and physiological effects were noted in dysfunctions of sexuality, disrupts reproduction, triggering diabetes and respiratory illnesses, affecting mental abilities, behavior, encourages aggression and hampers learning outcomes. Other studies however are subject of controversial debates. Bisphenol – A 3 Introduction A review of greater than eighty (80) bio-monitoring investigations from nine (9) nations suggests exposure to industrial chemical, bisphenol A or BPA and this issue is ubiquitous in people from all over the world (Vandenberg, et al, 2010). Bisphenol-A (BPA) is one of the top produced volume of chemicals worldwide (Vandenberg, Maffini, Sonnenschein, Rubin and Soto, 2009) with around 3.8 million tonnes production in 2006 and corresponds up to 100,000 40-tonne HGVs. The largest share of this chemical is further processed in Europe area in a form of polycarbonates and epoxy resins, with over 6 billion pounds generated each year and over 100 tons discharged into the atmosphere by annual production. BPA, the building block of polycarbonate plastic (PasticEurope, 2009), is also one of the first synthetic substances that was known and has similar mode of action to that of the sex hormone of females known as estrogen. (Doods, 1936). Nevertheless, the said substance did not become successful in medical therapy since diethylstilbestrol (DES), a more potent synthetic estrogen was discovered (Doods, 1938). Years after, Bisphenol A became an industrial chemical, and exist in several everyday products, however, research reports found out that it can affect human hormone system, which presently have been the subject of dispute. Polycarbonate containers used as reusable food containers, some paper and cardboard, polyvinyl chloride and others have been examined for BPA content. Also, residual BPA were examined leaching from the epoxy resins lining cans all throughout specific foods including vegetables, canned pet foods, and fish.(Vandenberg, Maffini, Sonnenschein, Rubin and Soto, Bisphenol – A 4 2009), The experts added that canned infant formula and others were found to contain BPA which may have leach from the epoxy resin. Moreover, it is very alarming to find out that in blood serum samples, median levels of unconju­gated BPA (biologically active) were higher compared to the levels predicted by toxicokinetic models, which form the basis of United States regulations for the said compound, arriving at the range that has been presented to cause adverse effects in animals (Environmental Health Perspectives, 2010). Objectives This paper is directed to highlight controversies over bisphenol A, a ubiquitous chemical produced from polyvinyl chloride plastics, polycarbonate and epoxy resins. It also presents relevant information regarding threats, health risks and interventions involved in the contamination process during the past decade and until recently. Literature Review Bisphenol A is a chemical substance, found mostly in very common products such as CDs, DVDs, plastic bowls, drinking bottles and containers for food water boilers, mobile telephones, motorcycle helmets, roof coverings, computer housings water boiler, safety glass (glassy polymers), Car parts (transparent plastic parts), ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Bisphenol-A Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Bisphenol-A Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Bisphenol-A Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


The dangers of BPA (Bisphenol A) in Plastic bottles or containers

...? A Speech on the dangers of BPA (Bisphenol A) in Plastic bottles or containers Topic: The dangers of BPA (Bisphenol A) in plastic bottles or containers. Purpose: To inform the class about the dangers of Bisphenol in plastic bottles or containers. Central idea: The dangers of Bisphenol A have contributed to major health issues in our society. Thesis Statement An analysis of the Bisphenol A found in hard plastic bottles or containers show that Bisphenol A is health hazard to animals and human beings. I. Introduction How many of you have taken drinks or food products packed in plastic bottles? How many times do you stay for a day without...
3 Pages(750 words)Speech or Presentation


... Ratio Analysis Assignment: Starbucks The company that I will analyze is Starbucks. I will present the financial ratios based on its October 2010 financial statements. 1. Gross margin percentage = Gross margin = $ 6,248,800 = 58% Sales $10,707,400 Starbucks shows a very high gross profit margin which means that it is efficient in using its raw materials, labor and overhead to generate profit. This means that for every dollar of sales, $0.58 is left after deducting the cost of goods sold. 2. Current ratio = Current assets__ = $ 2,756,400 = 1.02 Current liabilities $2,711,200 This ratio indicates that short term assets of Starbucks will be readily available to pay its current liabilities when they fall...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


... August 29, Economic Questions Question If someone has the habit of studying on the Wednesday night and instead decides to go to a free concert this will be very difficult when measuring the opportunity cost. This is because there are no monetary values included. However, when measuring this in the form of units of satisfaction- utils (marginal utility), the satisfaction achieved from the concert will be reduced by the possible satisfaction gained by studying on the Wednesday night. This explains that the utility achieved from the two actions will be considered when analyzing opportunity costs. Question 2: In economics, the concept of allocation of resources is sometimes linked to efficiency and equity. Efficiency and equity... August 29,...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment


...The Story of Stuff Questions Word Count: 500 (2 pages) Part I. Complete on your own What is the “Golden Arrow” described in “The Storyof Stuff” and how is it accomplished? The Golden Arrow1 (from what I understood) is the fact that we should live in a garbageless society. In doing this, we would cut waste completely, and then there would be no need to add to the already huge mass of recycled materials we have on our hands. This is what I understood from reading The Story of Stuff. 2. Briefly describe planned obsolescente and perceived obsolescence. Planned obsolescence means something is becoming obsolete. Recycling is becoming obsolete because it does not totally eliminate our waste issue. The recycled waste is now... Story of Stuff...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment


...Full Of Race and Friendship Remember the Titans (Yakin) is a movie based from the real struggles of Coach Herman Boone, a Black American who experienced the sting of racial discrimination during the early 70’s as he tried his best to influence his world through his job. The coach was played by Denzel Washington whose performance here was probably the best among his films. Being a veteran actor, Washington’s execution of his role was remarkable. His character as an enthusiastic coach matched his personality, showing his vibrant attitude, encouraging and challenging the other characters in the movie. Washington was an indefatigable actor who seemed to have lived the life of Boone himself, having the vitality of a Black man who... Of Race and...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay


...Impacts of Economic Globalisation on the UK Introduction Although globalisation and economic globalisation are interrelated concepts, they reflect two different ideas. Economic globalisation promotes the idea of international economic integration which may enhance a single global market whereas the concept of globalisation supports the liberalisation factors like cross border trade policies, tariffs, and taxes that suppress global trade. To define, “economic globalisation refers to the increasing economic interdependence of national economies across the world through a rapid increase in cross-border movement of goods, service, technology, and capital.” (Whittington & Delaney, 2010). Economic globalisation is a broader idea... of Economic...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Bisphenol A (BPA)

...1) What is BPA (Bisphenol-A)? What do they use it for? What is the health impact of this chemical on your health and the environment? What can you doto minimize the impact of BPA on yourself and the environment? Bisphenol A or BPA, which can be chemically expressed as (CH3)2C(C6H4OH)2, is an organic industrial substance that appears colorless in solid form and dissolves chiefly in organic solvents than in water. It is known in recent years of the mid-20th century to have been widely utilized in the manufacture of bottles made of hard plastic as well as metallic containers for packaging food and beverage. BPA is primarily used in synthesizing polycarbonate high-performance plastics, epoxy resins, and...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay


... Essays Analysis. Writing the two essays, eating healthy and King Abdullah Scholarship Program, were remarkably engaging in terms of the kind of details required to put them together. First, there was the challenge of the kind of details to include or exclude from either essay. The information available was enormous against the limited space and the requirement of brevity. Writing about eating healthy requires an assessment of the various factors that connect with the subject of eating. As such, it was necessary to limit the areas of interest on certain specific areas that connect with lifestyle and the patterns of life as lived by people in the modern world. The essay on King Abdulla Scholarships was more liberal in details since...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


... Self-Profile from the Dream Analysis Based on my dream analysis, I seem to be the kind of person who aims for nothing but the best that has ever existed. The analysis brings together a collection of very complicated courses in education that has been chosen for pursuing. As seen, the degrees are not related to simple fields as sociology, history and ethics. There is a concentration on technology, a science field with specified interest in computer, health, operations, marketing, communication and environment. This is a field that requires a person with a high level of concentration and attention to details. Slight mistakes in any of the field listed would render the whole project being undertaken futile. The computer is the core... Self-Profi...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Rat Testing Can Prove Chemical BPAs Effect on Humans

...Topic: Rat Testing Can Prove Chemical BPA’s Effect on Humans Outline This paper focuses on exploring the various studies that have used rats as models to assess the impacts of BPA on humans. This work will seek to shed light on the following questions; An introduction to BPA What are the BPA’s effect on rats This will stem from a systematic literature review of studies of BPA employing rats as animal model Can the rat model be sufficient to prove chemical BPA effect on humans? Recommendations made on the effect of BPA on rats and its possible implications on humans risk. A conclusion Final paper: Rat Testing Can Prove Chemical BPA’s Effect on Humans BPA, Bisphenol is a weakly estrogenic monomer used n production...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Bisphenol-A for FREE!

Contact Us