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Investigation of red bull - Research Paper Example

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Results: This study comprised of 16 participants, - of which were male and – females, giving a male to female ratio of -. The mean age of the participants was -years. The average weight of all participants was found to be - while their average height was -, resulting in a mean BMI of -…
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Download file to see previous pages In contrast, the consumption of coca-cola and hot chocolate per day was found to be much lower, with an average consumption of –cups of coca-cola and –cups of hot chocolate per day. From the experiments conducted, the mean arterial pressure (MAP) for all participants at baseline (i.e. time=0 min) was found to be 92.09 ± 0.45 mmHg after consuming water, while the average heart rate was found to be 74.72 ± 1.75. Similarly, the readings for MAP and heart rate at baseline after the consumption of glucose drink were comparable, i.e. 92.09 ± 1.25 mmHg and 73.71 ± 2.65. However, as the time progressed, it was observed that while the readings for MAP and heart rate after consumption of water did not vary much, there was an observed increase in the MAP and heart rate after consumption of the glucose drink, peaking at 90 minutes post-consumption i.e. HR=79.01 and MAP= 94.75 mmHg and then declining to 73.76 and 92.73 mmHg, respectively, at 120 minutes. These findings are depicted in the graph (Figure 1) below. Figure 1: Variation of MAP and Pulse Pressure with time: A comparison of Glucose vs. Control A similar trend, i.e. an initial increase in the heart rate and MAP followed by a decline, was observed in the after the consumption of the energy drink, i.e. Red Bull, but with certain differences. Although, as observed in the case of glucose drink, the heart rate and MAP increased after the consumption of Red Bull too, but the observed increase was much greater than that observed in the case of the glucose drink (i.e. Heart Rate: 81.71 post Red Bull consumption vs. 79.01 post-glucose consumption and MAP 100.1 mmHg post Red Bull consumption vs. 94.75 mmHg post glucose consumption respectively). Moreover, another important difference that was seen was that in the case of Red Bull consumption, the peak MAP and heart rate were achieved earlier, i.e. at 60 minutes post-consumption after which they started declining. Figure 2 below is a graphical representation of these findings. Figure 2: Variation of MAP and Pulse Pressure with time: A comparison of Red Bull vs. Control Another aspect of this experiment was to compare the differences, if any, in the variation of MAP and pulse between Red Bull and Red Bull without sugar. When the students were asked to consume Red Bull without sugar, an interesting observation was noted. It was seen that the results for the consumption of Red Bull without sugar were comparable to those obtained after the consumption of Glucose drink. After the consumption of Red Bull without sugar, the MAP and heart rate were observed to rise, reaching a peak at 90 minutes, when the MAP rose to 97.74 mmHg from a baseline MAP of 92.98 ± 1.70 mmHg and the heart rate rose to 80.83 from a baseline heart rate of 72.71± 2.99. After 90 min, both the heart rate and the MAP were observed to decline. This is illustrated in the figure 3 below. Figure 3: Variation of MAP and Pulse Pressure with time: A comparison of Red Bull without sugar vs. Control It is also important to note that the magnitude of the effect of Red Bull with no sugar on the heart rate and MAP was higher as compared to glucose drink while it was lower than the magnitude of effect of conventional Red Bull, i.e. with the sugar component. This study also aimed at elucidating the impact of the different beverages, i.e. water (control), glucose drink, Red Bull and Red Bull without sugar on the reaction times of the subjects. When the reaction tim ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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