Nobody downloaded yet

How Stress Affects The Immune System and Overall Health - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
“How Stress Affects the Immune System and Overall Health” Stress is the concept which is not new for anyone and the prevailing trends of stress and its effects on each age group and social institutions make it more popular among the general public. However, a concise definition and conceptual depth of this term is unknown to many…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98% of users find it useful
How Stress Affects The Immune System and Overall Health
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"How Stress Affects The Immune System and Overall Health"

Download file to see previous pages This weakness of body defenses against stress may end up creating negative outcomes on the physical, mental, internal and psychological health of people (Oxington 2005, p. 174). Stress also plays a vital role in changing and affecting immune system of human beings. This paper further analyzes how stress affects human beings’ overall health and immune system. A number of studies suggest that immune system is highly susceptible to stress and related issues. The effects on immune system are intense enough to reduce the effective of the system and consequently making human body more prone to illnesses. Stress hormones which are released in the bloodstream restrain the immune system to work efficiently and normally which in turn results in higher risks of illness. Psychoneuroimmunology is the study area of health psychology which mainly deals with the issues related to psychology and their effects on the immune system. Stress related issues and their influence on immune system forms a major area of research and discussion in this field. Research indicates that external stressors can be involved in the immune system in a number of different manners (Passer & Smith 2006, p 493). One way is the eviction of a variety of chemicals by extended fibers from the brain into lymph tissues. These chemicals bind to receptors of white blood cell and consequently affect the working efficiency of immune system. Moreover, stress hormones like cortisol and epinephrine, also bind to the cells affecting the overall immune system functioning. An effort to cope up with the stressors at times results in inappropriate behavioral patterns like substance abuse and insufficient sleep time which damages immunity (taylor 2006). In a healthy heart it is seen that a series of event occurs to pump blood out of the heart to the different parts of body. Cardiac Cycle consists of Atrial Systole, Atrial Diastole, Ventricular Systole and Ventricular Diastole. Systole in general is used for the contraction of heart muscles and diastole is used for the relaxation of the heart muscles. Atrial Diastole occurs when the atrial muscles relax and Ventricular Diastole happens when the ventricular muscles relax (Hall et al., 2011). Similarly Ventricular Systole occurs when the ventricular muscles contract and atrial systole occurs when the atrial muscles contract. Systole of 120mm Hg is considered to be excellent along with a Diastolic pressure of 80. Systolic pressure of 130 with Diastolic pressure of 85 is fair. Above this pressure it can be said that the pressures are poor. However the worst condition can be when the Systolic Pressure reaches 180 mm Hg and the Diastolic pressure reaches 110 respectively. Stress and sudden emergencies result in “secretion of excess adrenaline and noradrenaline, which causes sudden and considerable elevation in systolic blood pressure” (Khan 2005, p. 178) Blood pressure and stress are related directly or indirectly. Researchers have found that stress either directly or indirectly plays a role in increasing the blood pressure. Stress causes an individual to go through an unhealthy routine and this may cause several hormones to be released. These hormones then cause constriction of vessels which would raise the blood pressure in an individual. Hence it can be said that blood pressure and stress are somehow related. It is commonly believed that high blood ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“How Stress Affects The Immune System and Overall Health Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(How Stress Affects The Immune System and Overall Health Research Paper)
“How Stress Affects The Immune System and Overall Health Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Viruses, Mononucleosis, Immune system
...?Viruses, Mononucleosis, and Immune System Viruses Viruses are tiny bits of genetic material wrapped in a protective protein coat and is considered as the simplest living things on Earth. It is also known as the ultimate parasites and depends primarily on the host (Goldstein, 4). The structure of viruses has particles called virions and is constructed with helical symmetry containing only one protein or very few proteins (Strauss & Strauss, 36). Viruses that are simple and regular in structure often crystallize which have made them suitable for X-ray diffraction. Unlike all living things, viruses are not cells. They are called parasites because they cannot do anything without a host and cannot carry out...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
How Occupational Stress Affects Menthal Health
...?Occupational Stress and Mental Health To say that stress impacts mental health is an under ment. This is because stress is a major variable in the mental well-being of an individual. Biologically and psychologically, there are empirical evidences that show how it could lead to the breaking point of an individual’s mental health and the ability to perform. It is not uncommon to read in medical journals, for instance, how stress are linked to negative mood states, poor employee performance, and the ability to cope and function within personal relationships. The number of effects that...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
How stress can impact health
... Psychological Association. The Impact of Stress. NE, Washington D.C., US. < > Accessed: 10 December 2012. Scott, E. Stress: How it affects your body and how you can stay healthier, Stress and Health/Stress Management, Guide. Web. 14 May 2011. Kozarovich, L. Stress: A Cause of Cancer?. Psych Central. Web. 2006 Accessed: 10 December 2012. Helpguide. Understanding Stress: Symptoms, Signs, Causes, and Effects. Help A trusted non-profit resource. Web. Accessed: 10 December 2012.... ?How Stress Can Impact...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
The human immune system
...? THE HUMAN IMMUNE SYSTEM by Data Presentation andAnalyzing Data for WBC, Cytotoxicity, and Serum levels for the 34 tested contaminant-exposed volunteers is rearranged in descending order to present the largest and the small values recorded in the tests. This is repeated in all categories as dictated by the time factor of 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. The relevance and inclusion criterion for this arrangement is due to the fact that data is presented randomly and does not match particular test subjects. Therefore, rearranging the data to follow a numerical chronology makes it easy for analyzing with regards to values and figures. The analysis was simulated using DASSGUI software upon which frequencies are...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment
Effects of Stress on the Immune System
..., the immune system can also be compromised under stressful conditions in older individuals and those who are already affected by a disease. In the case of autoimmune diseases the self-regulation mechanism suffers a set-back and as a result the immune cells attacks self-tissues which results in disease pathogenesis. The self-regulating mechanisms can also be lost during asthma and other allergic conditions and all the above conditions increases the vulnerability of the individual to stress related changes in immunity (Segerstrom & Miller, 2004; Hawkley & Cacioppo, 2004). In a study conducted by health...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
How come immune system does not fight cancer a major role even in bone cancer and thyroid cancer. In obese individuals and those with hormone replacement therapy, higher levels of certain hormones are present are trigger cancer development (Yarbro, 2011). Another important cause of cancer is radiation. Both ionizing and non-ionizing radiation can increase the risk of cancer. Radiation causes chromosomal abnormalities and triggers cancer development (Yarbro, 2011). Immune system and cancer Immune system is not able to fight cancer because the cancer cells are not different from normal cells. In some cases, the immune system is able to identify cancer cells but it is not strong...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Effect of Stress on the Immune System
...that most of these people have deficiencies in zinc, iron, Vitamin E, Vitamin B12, Vitamin C, Ubiquinone and selenium. Zinc is important in the activation of the immune system; iron plays a role in oxidative reaction immunity, vitamins are important in the modulation of cytokines and Ubiquinone influences the production of NK cells. Therefore, the elderly lacking these important micronutrients affects the immune system negatively making them susceptible. Stress and the Aging Immune system Psychological Stress Stress is a situation in which the demands...
13 Pages(3250 words)Research Paper
Stress-Effects on the Immune System and Psychological Disorders
...STRESS-IMMUNE SYSTEM, PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS Stress-Effects on the Immune System and Psychological disorders Not all stress is bad. The right amount of stress is beneficial to the body but when the body is constantly exposed to negative stressors, it affects the health of the individual. Stress causes changes that weaken our immune system and as a result, health can be negatively affected. In this scenario, infections and illnesses can flare up. In people who have been diagnosed with psychological disorders, stress seems to have a detrimental effect and knowledge regarding measures to avoid stress and manage the different external stressors should be imparted to the caregivers as well as the sick themselves. Stress-Effects... 24,2003,...
11 Pages(2750 words)Dissertation
How occupational stress affects mental health
...stress and health. Lower immunity was shown in a study of Three Mile Island residents conducted by O’Leary. Soon after the nuclear accident occurred, the residents had high levels of stress due to worries about their health along with fears of a reopening of the facility. Considerably higher than normal levels of neutrophils occurred in subjects studied along with fewer cells termed ‘B cells’. These types of cells are ‘memory defense cells’ that help destroy viruses by previous contact or experience with the particular virus (p. 367). O’Leary cites an additional study which shows how the immune...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Immune System
...Immune System Immune systems are found inside every living organism. The primary function of an immune system is to protect the body in which it exists from attacks by alien microorganisms. To put it in very simple words, an immune system acts as a shield against all kinds of diseases and substances that can act against a body’s healthy functionality, thereby leading it to damage or improper functioning (Klosterman, 2009). The immune system has many functions, however the main one include it acting as a natural self-defense mechanism and as a phagocytosis. Phagocytosis...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic How Stress Affects The Immune System and Overall Health for FREE!
Contact Us